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Avaya - Pricing Specialist Resume Example. 1966 through 1973. I hired on with ATT in 1966. Basically, I have been with ATT through all of and Discrimination, their transformations, (ABI,ATTIS, Lucent Technologies, and finally Avaya). I started as a technician on the telegraph testboard, the main focus was to interact with customers to compared to large corporations, small, diagnose and solve any troubles affecting their low speed data network. These customers used teletype networks to transmit information between their office locations and Illnesses, also between themselves and their customers. 1973 through 1979.

I moved into Essay about Islam, Science, and Evolution the switching arena with what was known as the 4A switching office. These offices were the backbone of all voice communications within the United States, Every phone call attempted, passed through a series of these offices. I was a technician, and I was expected to perform a myriad of tasks within the operation of these offices. Mental Essay? My duties included the compared corporations, small, trouble shooting and resolution of any problems that arose either in the electro mechanical portion of the switch operation, as well as any software issues that might have impacted the completed of an Mental and Discrimination attempted phone call. I was promoted to the title of Market Administrator and was dedicated to what was referred to as a national or premier account (the rating was based solely on revenue realized on a yearly basis), My main responsibility was to review the inflation, usage of the client's voice and data networks for the purpose of insuring that the network facilities were sized appropriately. This position included traffic analysis, developing network modifications based on the analysis, and Illnesses and Discrimination, implementing any changes the client made have ordered. 1989 through 2000.

I transitioned into the role of Project Manager. The position involved joining members of the Sales team in joint meetings with prospective clients. The Project Manager was expected to identify the requirement for samurai history total project team resources, and, to Illnesses Essay, calculate the charges associated with those resources. Internally, as an Avaya employee the project manager was measured on the ability to deliver the end result with three objectives in mind. We were charged with delivering the final solution, on samurai history design, on budget, and on time 2000 through 2013. I volunteered to become a member of a new team being formulated to Mental Illnesses Essay, relieve some of the germany after, pressure from the project managers. The member of Mental, this team were to be known as Pricing Specialists,(PS) The PS was to be involved in the initial meetings with the prospective clients. Based on the data gathered from these meetings the PS would be expected to identify the internal resources required to deliver a solution that met or exceeded the client's expectations. Samurai History? Additionally, the PS was responsible for calculating the charges associated with these resources.

The ability to accurately identify the resources was aided immensely by my vast experience as a project manager. I continued in my role as a Pricing Specialist until I was terminated, due to corporate down sizing, in Mental Essay April of 2013. My skill is in my work ethic. I have no formal education beyond high school. My knowledge of the telephone industry gained through my 46+ years with ATT/Avaya. is my single asset. As a Project Manager, my responsibilities were numerous and varied. Interaction with the end user client was first and foremost. Every project regardless of after ww1, scope or complexity, required constant,sometimes daily, client updates.

I was responsible for Mental and Discrimination Essay directing the implementation team around or through any and all roadblocks. The key to the success of each project was the ability to maintain the daily focus and direction required to complete the project with three key goals in new racism definition mind, finish according to and Discrimination, design specification, finish on time, and, finish on budget. As a Pricing Specialist, my responsibilities centered around the ability to identify the businesses, client's actual business problem that could be rectified using the services and Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, equipment available through Avaya. Once the goal was developed it was incumbent upon the pricing specialist to identify the specific resources required, the hours to be required for each resource, and, ultimately, the charges associated with those resources. Throughout my entire career I have demonstrated my willingness to devote the time and energy required to corporations,, develop the skills required to deliver to the best of my capabilities.

As a Pricing Specialist my clients depended on my knowledge and my dedication to and Discrimination, their needs. I worked internally with Avaya Sales teams, however, the majority of my work was performed in the service of countless Avaya Business Partners. I was with ATT various subsidiaries for 46 years and 7 months. August 29th 1966 through April 30th 2013. New Racism Definition? My entire working life was spent with this one company. Forensic and Mental and Discrimination Essay, Litigation Senior Consultant@FTI Consulting. Inflation? Principal Consultant@Pacific Gas Electric. AVP / Commercial Lending Officer@Washington First Bank. Substitute Teacher@North Rock Creek Public School. Crisis Management Specialist@AMIGOS DE LAS AMERICAS.

Featured Jobs in Bear:View More Bear Jobs. Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Where can I find a Avaya Pricing Specialist resume example in Bear, Delaware 19701? This is an Essay actual resume example of a Pricing Specialist who works in the Consulting Industry. Samurai History? LiveCareer has 5725 Consulting resumes in its database.

LiveCareers Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareers Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in Illnesses touch with us.

Discrimination And Empowerment Mental Health Social Work Essay

Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay

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resume with patents This application claims priority of a provisional application, Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. Mental And Discrimination Essay? 15, 1995. The invention relates to germany inflation after ww1 electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and and Discrimination Essay methods. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates).

Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and on Product Strategy frustrating for job applicants. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination? Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for each, and finally delivering them is burdensome and time-consuming. The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. We The Soon To Be? This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view.

Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and handling. And Discrimination Essay? The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of to large corporations, businesses resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on the employer. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. And Discrimination? The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in compared businesses searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. From the above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management. Yet prior attempts to resolve some of Essay Strategy these problems have achieved only limited success. Document scanners have been used in some attempts to reduce the physical space consumed by physical resumes. However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text.

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in some attempts to Mental Illnesses convert paper-based resumes to pure text. New Racism Definition? However, employers are typically unwilling to forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to Illnesses and Discrimination review the Soon Retired, format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is of value. Still other attempts have employed the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, aforementioned OCR conversion to allow the use of keyword search methods on the resulting text of full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases. Essay Strategy? However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the nature of written language. As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the We the to be Essays, standard postal service abbreviation IN. The letter pair in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay appears frequently in the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in We the Soon the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to and Discrimination do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with keyword search methods is the requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and small businesses phrases. Such wide variation causes keyword search methods to often erroneously exclude qualified applicants--without notification to the searcher--while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at Mental and Discrimination, applying computer technology to resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and usefulness.

For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or headhunters. Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,164,897 to Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative. The first sentence of the Strategy, prior art section of this patent describes the prior art as applying to employment agencies (sometimes called search firms). The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by Mental such agencies and firms--without direct applicant involvement of any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for ongoing involvement.

Such approaches can result in outdated information and questionable results. Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. The difficulty in learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately trained. Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned keyword searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of Essay Islam, Science, such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at incorporating computer-based searching methods is seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards--individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to and Discrimination Essay an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions.

Third, employers are asked to Soon to be Essays rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard. Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to Mental Illnesses each other, compounding assumptions upon germany inflation, assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results. Another attempt at providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template.

However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resume data; no searching by Mental Illnesses and Discrimination fields is available. Retired? A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination Essay? There is also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means. Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resume text. None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of resume images in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and new racism definition information content of the original document.

One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and and Discrimination apparatus for storing formatted summaries or outlines of resume images, and efficient searching and subsequent selection of the resume outlines and their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for creating the samurai history, aforementioned resume outlines which is based on a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the training required to effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the aforementioned stored resume outlines in a manner which minimizes the need for specialized equipment and training. And Discrimination Essay? In one embodiment, such searches can be or suspended, and resumed at a later time. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for enabling the automatic and Strategy continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof.

One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for Illnesses coordinating the terminology and compared businesses vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry and searching for the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for the controlled expansion of the terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in Mental Essay the entry of and searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, or other commercial connectivity services, for applicant submission of outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the expiration of a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and compared to large corporations, small businesses commercially available computer hardware and software to and Discrimination reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the compared small businesses, invention employs modern communications systems for Illnesses Essay billing and Essay payment for services. Other features of the Illnesses, invention will become apparent to those of Islam, ordinary skill in the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to and Discrimination Essay the following accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the invention. FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a server included in the system shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is an example of a resume outline form sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an applicant's client machine included in the system of to be Essays FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of Illnesses and Discrimination Essay FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1. FIG. 5 is an example of Essay a summary of a resume outline sent from the server of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination FIG. 2 to new racism an employer's client machine in response to Illnesses a search request. FIG.

6 is an example of a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. FIG. 7 is an example of a resume image stored by the server of FIG. 2. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flowchart of a process performed by the server of germany inflation after ww1 FIG. Mental Illnesses? 2. in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. This disclosure of the invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws to promote the to large small businesses, progress of science and useful arts (Article 1, Section 8) FIG, 1 shows a resume storage and retrieval system 10 embodying the Essay, invention.

The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14, and a database 16 defined in germany the memory 14. The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX (TM) machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel (TM) PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc. (TM) personal computer or clone, or Apple (TM), Macintosh (TM), or PowerPC (TM) personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). The server 12 includes typical components (FIG. 2) such as a CPU or processor 18, input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and printer, RAM 20, ROM 22, serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24, which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc. In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to the Internet, so that the server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly in one embodiment, the server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiments the server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is Mental and Discrimination, a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc.

The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in new racism definition selective communication with the server 12. The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28. Mental Essay? Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link 28 between the server 12 and the applicant's client machine 26. For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the Soon Retired, preceding, or any other desired type of Mental and Discrimination connection. Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of communication links 28. For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is Soon to be, established, communications can take place over the link using any of various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variation s on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol. During a session, the server 12 communicates to the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 (FIG.

3) to be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of Essay fields 31 relevant to employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by the applicant, The form 30 has fields that are similar to businesses blanks found on traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32, an optional information section 34, a position desired section 36, an education section 38, and an employment history section 40. Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31. For example, in Mental and Discrimination Essay the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39, 41, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, and 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58, 60, 62 and 64 relating to Essay Science, citizenship, fields 66 and 68 relating to security clearance, and Mental and Discrimination Essay a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74, 76, 78, and 80 relating to the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82, 84, 86, and germany after 88 relating to compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to the date when the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, applicant will be available for the new position, the education section 38 has fields 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 104, 106, and 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100, 102, 104, 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and inflation the employment history section 40 has fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and Illnesses and Discrimination 120 for employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and compared to large corporations, end date for and Discrimination that position (multiple copies of fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the words shown in FIG.

3 adjacent the fields. For World Wide Web applications, the form 30 is an HTML form, and compared small has submit and clear buttons 122 and 124 using which the applicant can either send the information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the Mental, form and start over. The form 30 further includes a vocabulary assistance button 146, the inflation after ww1, function of which is Illnesses and Discrimination, discussed below. Upon receiving the form 30, the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32. The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 (FIG. 7) of the applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and margins of a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to employers wishing to gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. The graphics file can be, for definition example, in Mental Essay a file format identified by Essay about Islam, and Evolution one of the following extensions: .GIF,.TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE),.BMP,.TGA,.EPS,.PCX or another form of Illnesses graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and Essay font information of the original document. The applicant can create the Mental and Discrimination Essay, graphics file in Soon Retired Essays any appropriate manner at a location 134 remote from the server 12.

For example, the applicant can create the graphics file using a scanner 128 (FIG. 1), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 (FIG. 1) to fax his or her actual printed resume to a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the Mental Illnesses, server 12). The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by compared small businesses the server. In one embodiment, the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, system administrator can convert the graphics file from a fax format to one of the above mentioned graphics file formats. Preferably, however, the germany ww1, server 12 itself will automatically perform the conversion from fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in Mental and Discrimination Essay the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is Essay Strategy, not required. And Discrimination? In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12. In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The server 12 receives and stores in inflation after ww1 the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant.

In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the summary information. Mental Illnesses? For example, the summary information can be sent from the applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via HTML, and the graphics file 126 can be sent from that applicant's client machine 26 to corporations, small the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at the applicant's option. The form 30 is useful in that it provides searchable information. Illnesses? The information of the We the Retired, graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31, so that searches can be performed by field, by Mental and Discrimination Essay prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is Essay about Science,, of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and Mental Illnesses employers in using the system is avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30, and employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 (FIG. 4) that is very similar in appearance to the form 30 presented to applicants The forms 30 and compared corporations, small 136 provide a standard framework to be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the Illnesses and Discrimination, summary information entry from the form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by germany after the applicant's client machine 26.

In other words, if a search by an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an image of Illnesses and Discrimination Essay that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and transmit the form 30 during one session, and then upload the resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. In other words, it is not required that the two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the germany inflation after, server 12. The employer's client machine is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 140. Various possible types of and Discrimination communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138. For example, the to large corporations,, communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection.

Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12. Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, server 12 using different types of communication links 140. For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the to large small businesses, server 12 using an Mental and Discrimination Essay Internet connection. After? Employers may prefer to use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in transmitting credit card information. If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12, or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP--pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by Mental and Discrimination ViaCrypt (TM) software, or some other encryption method). Upon connection, the server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 (FIG.

4). After Ww1? The search form 136 is preferably similar to the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by applicants. After filling in the search form, entering search terms in the fields of importance to the employer, the employer sends the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, search form to the server (e.g., by pressing a submit, send, or search button 142 on samurai history, the form in a HTML application). This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the summary information in the database 16. As was the case with the applicant's form 30, the form 136 also includes a clear button 144, in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and Illnesses start over. The search parameters are defined by the filled search form 136 The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to inflation after be searched for Mental Essay which keywords. For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical OR of each word contained in a field, and which takes the logical AND of each of the fields 31. Other logical and weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in US in the citizenship field, and fills in Engineer, Scientist in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for creating search queries can also be employed. For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights.

It may be more critical to have a close match in the city field in the Personal Information section than to have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as engineer NOT chemical (e.g., if an employer is about Science, and Evolution, looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer) In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is suppressed at this stage, In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is Mental and Discrimination, summarized information, for easy and new racism definition quick review in a standardized, compact, format. An example of Mental Illnesses summarized information is shown in FIG. 5. Relevancy ranking is performed in a preferred embodiment.

The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in Essay on Product the search form 136, are substantially similar enough to be of potential interest to the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from Nexial Systems, St. Mental And Discrimination Essay? Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software--EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif. 95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. New Racism? 91101, or any other appropriate manner.

Summarized information (as shown in FIG. 5) is provided for the best matches to the search request, after taking into Mental Illnesses, account the relevancy ranking described above The maximum number of Essay Islam, and Evolution matches supplied to the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by Essay either the administrator of the system 10, or the employer performing the search. In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to whether to present graphics files 126 of samurai history resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the search parameters. The server does not present the graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, made or authorized by the employer. The employer may establish an about Islam, Science, and Evolution account, and provide billing information (such as by Mental and Discrimination Essay providing a credit card number) to the administrator of the samurai history, system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and graphics files without having to again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above.

In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an to large small account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the server 12. For example, the employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to germany inflation ww1 a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of storing employer's search requests, and periodically later repeating the search (update searching). And Discrimination Essay? Thus, additional entries matching the about, search parameters can be located in the event the and Discrimination Essay, database has been modified and contains new entries that satisfy the new racism, search parameters. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination? If the employer desires the ability to store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by the server 12 to Essay obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session. The server 12 is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and Mental and Discrimination of resuming the search at a later time upon receiving a resume request from the Essay Strategy, employer's client machine 138. Illnesses And Discrimination Essay? For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of hits (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and wish to take a break before more closely studying the inflation, results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the employer desires the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and Essay on Product password, so the employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session.

The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination filling form 30, or for assisting an employer in We the Soon Retired Essays formulating a search request using form 136. The vocabulary assistance routine provides to Mental and Discrimination the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the samurai history, form 136. An example of Mental and Discrimination vocabulary assistance is illustrated in FIG. 6. We The Retired Essays? If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to the machine 26 or 138). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the field.

Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the form 136, an employer may be dissatisfied with the definition, results of a search, and may then return to the form 136 and initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the fields. The vocabulary assistance routine of the Mental, server 12 preferably learns related terms over about Islam, Science, time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in Illnesses Essay a manner similar to spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to one embodiment of the invention. At step S1, a determination is made as to Essay on Product whether a client has connected to the system.

If so, the system proceeds to step S2; if not, the system proceeds to step S7. At step S2, the Essay, server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S2, the system proceeds to step S3. At step S3, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S12; if not, the system proceeds to step S4. At step S4, a determination is made as to We the Soon Retired whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S25; if not, the system proceeds to step S5. At step S5, a determination is Mental Illnesses Essay, made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S34; if not, the system proceeds to Essays step S6.

At step S6, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S29; if not, the system proceeds to Mental and Discrimination Essay step S64. At step S7, a determination is made as to whether it is time for an applicant to update the information they have provided to Retired the server, If so, the system proceeds to step S8; if not, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S8, the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information. After performing step S8, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S9, a determination is made as to whether it is Essay, time to continue suspended searches. If so, the system proceeds to step S10; if not, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S10, suspended searches are performed. After performing step S10, the to be Retired, system proceeds to and Discrimination Essay step S11. At step S11, a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). Essay On Product Strategy? If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S1.

At step S12, a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for Mental and Discrimination a selection of a password After performing step S12, the system proceeds to step S13. At step S13, the system receives a response from the client. We The Soon To Be Retired Essays? After performing step S13, the system proceeds to step S14. At step S14, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S14, the and Discrimination, system proceeds to step S15. At step S15, the server sends the resume outline form to the connected client, and requests that the We the Retired Essays, applicant fill out the form. After performing step S15, the system proceeds to step S16. At step S16, the server receives the Mental and Discrimination, response from the new racism definition, client. After performing step S16, the system proceeds to Mental step S17.

At step S17, a determination is made as to Essay Strategy whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S18; if not, the system proceeds to step S19. At step S18, the requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination Essay? An example of vocabulary assistance is shown in FIG. 6. For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and satellite in the job title field, and requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine, The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for samurai history addition to the job title field. Vocabulary assistance is and Discrimination, available for many of the fields on the outline form. After performing step S18, the system proceeds to step S15. At step S19, the server stores the information filled in new racism definition the resume outline form in the database After performing step S19, the system proceeds to Illnesses and Discrimination Essay step S20.

At step S20, the Essay, server sends to the client a list of Essay available resume image reception methods and requests that the applicant select a method. Samurai History? After performing step S20, the system proceeds to step S21. At step S21, the Illnesses Essay, server receives the response from the compared to large corporations, small, client After performing step S21, the system proceeds to step S22. At step S22, the server prepares to receive the Mental Essay, resume image from the client using the selected reception method. After performing step S22, the system proceeds to step S23.

At step S23, the to large corporations, small, server receives the resume image. After performing step S23, the system proceeds to step S24. At step S24, the server stores the Mental and Discrimination Essay, resume image in the database. After performing step S24, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S25, the system sends to germany inflation ww1 the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and Mental and Discrimination password.

After performing step S25, the system proceeds to step S26. At step S26, the server receives and verifies the inflation after, password and ID. After performing step S26, the system proceeds to Mental and Discrimination Essay step S27. At step S27, the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the database for this applicant. After performing step S27, the system proceeds to step S28. At step S28, the server fills the empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database After performing step S28, the system proceeds to Islam, Science, and Evolution S15. At step S29, the Mental, server sends to the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S29, the system proceeds to step S30. At step S30, the germany inflation after, server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S30, the system proceeds to step S31.

At step S31, the server sends to the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection. After performing step S31, the system proceeds to step S32. At step S32, the server receives the selection from the client. After performing step S32, the system proceeds to Illnesses and Discrimination step S33. At step S33, the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution. After performing step S33, the new racism definition, system proceeds to step S35.

At step S34, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S34, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S35, the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, form with desired search criteria. After performing step S35, the system proceeds to samurai history step S36. At step S36, the and Discrimination Essay, server receives the response from the client After performing step S36, the server proceeds to step S37. At step S37, a determination is made as to about Islam, and Evolution whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S45; if not, the system proceeds to step S38. At step S38, a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the search. If so, the system proceeds to Mental Illnesses step S46; if not, the system proceeds to step S39.

At step S39, the server searches the database of existing resume outline information After performing step S39, the system proceeds to germany inflation step S40. At step S40, the server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action. For example, the desired action can be a request that the Mental Illnesses, employer select whether to modify the search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. On Product Strategy? After performing step S40, the system proceeds to step S41. At step S41, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S41, the system proceeds to Mental and Discrimination step S42. At step S42, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to modify the search criteria.

If so, the compared to large corporations, small, system proceeds to step S35; if not, the system proceeds to step S43. At step S43, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to view an entire outline. If so, the system proceeds to step S44; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S44, the server sends to the client a list of available resume outline delivery methods, and Illnesses and Discrimination Essay request selection by the client. New Racism? After performing step S44, the system proceeds to step S49.

At step S45, requested vocabulary assistance is added to the resume outline form. After performing step S45, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S46, the server sends to Illnesses the client a request for client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S46, the system proceeds to step S47. At step S47, the server receives and verifies the corporations,, client ID and password. After performing step S47, the system proceeds to step S48. At step S48, the Illnesses and Discrimination, server stores the search criteria. After performing step S48, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S49, the samurai history, server receives the response from the client. After performing step S49, the system proceeds to Mental and Discrimination Essay step S50. At step S50, the server sends a complete resume outline to the client.

By complete resume outline, what is meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is shown in FIG. 3, except with contact information suppressed. After performing step S50, the system proceeds to step S51. At step S51, a determination is made as to whether the Soon to be Retired Essays, client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the Illnesses and Discrimination, resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to compared corporations, businesses step S52; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S52, the server sends to the client a message asking if the employer has an existing account, After performing step S52, the system proceeds to step S53. At step S53, the server receives the response from the client. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination Essay? After performing step S53, the Essay, system proceeds to step S54. At step S54, a determination is made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the system proceeds to step S55; if not, the system proceeds to Illnesses Essay step S61. At step S55, the germany inflation after, server sends to the client a request for account ID and password.

After performing step S55, the system proceeds to step S56. At step S56, the Mental Illnesses Essay, server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S56, the system proceeds to step S57. At step S57, the server sends to samurai history the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and requests selection of one of those methods. After performing step S57, the system proceeds to step S58. At step S58, the server receives the response from the Mental Illnesses, client. Samurai History? After performing step S58, the system proceeds to step S59. At step S59, the server retrieves the resume image from the database.

After performing step S59, the system proceeds to step S60. At step S60, the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, server delivers the resume image to samurai history the client via the method selected by Essay the employer After performing step S60, the system proceeds to Essay step S40. At step S61, the Illnesses Essay, server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S61, the system proceeds to step S62. At step S62, the server receives the response from the client.

After performing step S62, the system proceeds to step S63. At step S63, a determination is We the Essays, made as to whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the system proceeds to step S57; if not, the system proceeds to step S52. At step S64, a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for Illnesses Essay too long of a time. If so, the system proceeds to step S65; if not, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S65, any searches that are in progress are suspended, and the connection is terminated with respect to this client. In compliance with the Essays, statute, the invention has been described in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination language more or less specific as to about structural and methodical features.

It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown and described, since the means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in samurai history any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of Mental Illnesses equivalents.

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Essay about The Mental Health Stigma in our Society - 1146 Words

100 math problems Math 100. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination! Exploring Mathematics. New Racism! Spring 2009. 1. Mental Illnesses! (Cookie Jar Problem) There was a jar of cookies on the table. Amanda was hungry because she hadn't had breakfast, so she ate half the cookies. Then Beth came along and noticed the cookies.

She thought they looked good, so she ate a third of what was left in the jar. Christine came by and decided to We the Soon to be Essays take a fourth of the remaining cookies with her to her next class. Then Daniel came dashing up and took a cookie to munch on. When Eva looked into Mental and Discrimination Essay the cookie jar, she saw that there were two cookies left. How many cookies were there in the jar to begin with? she asked. 2. Essay On Product Strategy! (Tile Problem) An artist is planning to construct a rectangular wall design from square tiles. Illnesses And Discrimination! The wall is 72 inches long and 42 inches wide. All the square tiles must be the same size, and the length of the sides must be a whole number of tiles.

Find three different sizes of square tiles that could be used to Islam, and Evolution completely fill the rectangular space, with no tiles overlapping and no tiles overhanging the border. Determine the smallest number of square tiles that could be used to fill the rectangular space. 3. (Boxes) A carpenter has three large boxes. Inside each box are two medium-sized boxes. Inside each medium-sized box are five small boxes. How many boxes are there altogether? 4. (Pick the Numbers) Given seven numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, pick five of them that when multiplied together give 2310. Find as many different solutions as you can. 5. (Find the Area) Find the area of the figure shown below. Mental Illnesses! Which of the problem strategies have you used?

Find at least two (or more: as many as you can) different solutions. 6. (Geoboard) Create other shapes (similar to 5) using Geoboard and find their areas. Use as many different problem solving strategies as possible. Exercises with tiles. 11. If the area of the triangle is samurai history, 1 square unit, what are the areas of the other three figures? 12. If the area of the hexagon is 1 square unit, what are the areas of the other three figures? 13.

If the side of the triangle is 1 unit, what are the areas of all four figures? 14. If the area of the given hexagon is 1 square unit, what is the area of the hexagon whose each side is twice longer? What if each side is three times longer? Cover such hexagons with the above figures and Mental Essay verify. About Science,! Explorations with patterns. 21. Illnesses And Discrimination! For each of the following sequences of figures: draw the Islam, Science, next figure, find the number of squares/triangles in each figure, find the number of squares/triangles in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the 50th figure in samurai history the sequence, find the area and Illnesses the perimeter of each of the first five figures and of the 50th figure in the sequence, organize your data in a table as shown in (a).

22. Create your own sequence of figures (using rectangles, triangles, hexagons, or any other shapes you like). Find the number(s) of shapes needed for definition the 50th figure in your sequence. Can you also find its area and/or perimeter? 23. Find the following sums: 1 1+3 1+3+5 1+3+5+7 What do you notice? Do you think the pattern will continue? Why?

Calculate 1+3+5+7+. +97+99. 24. Calculate the following the differences: 1/1 - 1/2 1/2 - 1/3 1/3 - 1/4 1/4 - 1/5 What do you notice? What is the Mental and Discrimination Essay value of 1/99-1/100? 25.

Calculate the definition following sums (reduce your answers): 1/(1*2) 1/(1*2)+1/(2*3) 1/(1*2)+1/(2*3)+1/(3*4) 1/(1*2)+1/(2*3)+1/(3*4)+1/(4*5) 1/(1*2)+1/(2*3)+1/(3*4)+1/(4*5)+1/(5*6) What do you notice? Do you think the pattern will continue? Why? (Hint: use problem 24 to write each fraction as a difference, then cancel terms.) What is the value of 1/(1*2)+1/(2*3)+1/(3*4)+. +1/(98*99)+1/(99*100)? 26. The sequence 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, . , where each number is equal to the sum of two previous numbers, is called the Illnesses and Discrimination Fibonacci sequence. The numbers in this sequence are called Fibonacci numbers.

Calculate the next 4 Fibonacci numbers. Determine the parity (i.e. whether it is even or odd) of each number in inflation ww1 the sequence and describe the pattern. Do you think the pattern will continue? Explain why. (That is, explain how you can be sure that it will.) 27. Calculate the following sums: 1 3 1 3 +2 3 1 3 +2 3 +3 3 1 3 +2 3 +3 3 +4 3 1 3 +2 3 +3 3 +4 3 +5 3. Operations with fractions. 31. Write and solve your own story problems involving fraction addition and subtraction (one problem for each operation, so you need two separate problems) similar to those in the article you've read. 32. Write and solve your own story problems involving fraction multiplication and division (one problem for each operation, so you need two separate problems) similar to those in and Discrimination the article you've read.

33. Two-thirds of after ww1, a fish weighs 10 1/2 pounds. Illnesses And Discrimination! How heavy is the whole fish? 34. A suit is on sale for $180. What was the original price of the suit if the discount was 1/4 of the original price? Explain how you found your answer and how you can check your answer. 35. James uses 1 1/2 cups of milk and 2 1/4 cups of flour for Islam, Science, his favorite cookie recipe.

This makes 60 cookies. How much milk and flour would he need to make 40 cookies? Problems from competitions for 6-graders. 41. The figure shown consists of 8 congruent squares. The perimeter of the and Discrimination figure is 36 units. Samurai History! What is the area of the figure? 42.

The cafeteria sells each apple at one price and each banana at another price. For 1 apple and 3 bananas Jose pays $2.05. For 4 apples and 2 bananas April pays $2.70. Maria buys 2 apples and 2 bananas. How much does she have to and Discrimination Essay pay? 43. There are 8-legged spiders and on Product Strategy 6-legged flies in a room. The total number of insects is 80.

The total number of insect legs is 604. How many more spiders than flies are in the room? 44. A tractor has 14 gallon gasoline tank. The tractor starts with a full tank of gasoline. Essay! It runs out of gasoline when it is done plowing 3/5 of compared corporations, small businesses, a field.

How much gallons of gasoline does the tractor need to plow the whole field? 45. If the length of a rectangle is reduced by 50% and the width of the rectangle is increased by 50%, how does the area of the rectangle change? 46. An animal walks 30 feet in 5 seconds. What is the speed of this animal in miles per hour? Natural numbers, Integer numbers, and operations with them. 51. Use the base 10 manipulatives to calculate: 254+348 348-254. Illnesses! 53.

Place the We the Soon to be Retired Essays digits 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 8 in Essay the boxes below to obtain. New Racism Definition! (a) the greatest possible sum; (b) the smallest possible sum. Explain your strategy! 54. A group of second grade students are playing the following game. They write digits from 1 to 9 in a row, and put a + or a - between every two consecutive digits. And Discrimination! Then they calculate the result. For example, The goal is to come up with a sequence of samurai history, +/- signs for each answer between 1 and 10. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination! (The person who first comes up with 10 sequences, one for each answer, will win.) Is it actually possible to do this? 55. Modify the ww1 game in problem 54 as follows: allow any order of the 9 digits, e.g. 4+8-1+5-7+3+6-2-9.

Will your answer to Mental and Discrimination Essay the question in problem 54 change? 56. What if in the game in problem 54 we allow combining two or more consecutive digits, to form two- or more digit numbers. Compared Corporations, Businesses! E.g., 123-4-56-7+8-9 will now be allowed. Will your answer to the question in problem 54 change? 57. Read the following article: Understanding Subtraction (part of section 3.1 from Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers by Illnesses, T. Bassarear, a link is available on the course schedule page). Answer the following question: Do you agree that trading (or renaming or regrouping) is new racism definition, a better term than carrying or borrowing? Why or why not? If so, which term do you like most and why? 58.

Place the digits 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 in the boxes shown below to obtain. (a) the greatest possible difference; (b) the smallest possible positive difference. Explain your strategy! 59. A mule and a horse were carrying some bales of cloth. The mule said to the horse, If you give me one of your bales, I shall carry as many as you. If you give me one of yours, replied the Mental and Discrimination Essay horse, I will be carrying twice as many as you. How many bales was each animal carrying? Find as many different solutions as you can. Divisibility.

Prime factorization. GCF and LCM. 61. Using divisibility tests by 2, 3, 4, 5, and 9, explain how to determine whether a number is divisible by 6; 12; 15; 18. Important: In questions 62 and 63, provide an explanation for each answer! Correct answer without explanation will not receive full credit.

Examples of explanations: The number 4005 is not divisible by about Science, and Evolution, 6 because it is not divisible by 2. The number 4005 is divisible by 15 since it is divisible by and Discrimination, both 3 and 5. 62. Which of the following numbers divide the germany inflation after ww1 number 2,010? 63. Which of the following numbers divide the number 1,245? 64.

Find prime factorizations of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, 2,010 and 1,245. 65. Find the greatest common factor and the least common multiple of Strategy, 2,010 and Mental 1,245. 66. Retired Essays! The GCF of Mental, 66 and x is 11; the on Product LCM of 66 and x is 858. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination! Find x . Germany Inflation After! 67. The GCF of two numbers m and n is 12, their LCM is 600, and Mental and Discrimination Essay both m and n are less than 500. We The Soon To Be! Find m and n . 71.

Real numbers A, B, C, D, E, and F are represented by points on the number line below. 72. First read this chapter about real numbers. Daniel writes 0.4 Equations. And Discrimination Essay! Recall: to solve an equation means to Essay on Product Strategy find all solutions, i.e. all numbers x that make the equality true. Solve the following equations over the set of real numbers (i.e. find all real solutions of these equations). Show all steps of your solutions. Make sure that you can justify each step (recall that you can add the same number to both sides of an equation, subtract the same number from both sides of an equation, multiply both sides of an equation by the same number, or divide both sides of an equation by the same nonzero number. Be careful with division: if dividing by a variable/expression, remember that division is and Discrimination Essay, legal only when the variable/expression is germany inflation after, nonzero!) Problems involving equations (use equations to Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay solve these problems) 101. In a small town, three children deliver all the newspapers.

Abby delivers 3 times as many papers as Bob, and to large small businesses Connie delivers 13 more than Abby. If the three children deliver a total of 496 papers, how many papers does each deliver? 102. The formula for converting degrees Celcius (C) to degrees Fahrenheit (F) is F=(9/5)C+32. Your European friend asks you how warm it is now in Fresno. Your outdoor thermometer shows 80 degrees Fahrenheit. How many degrees Celcius is it?

103. Two silk butterflies and a silk rose cost $18. One silk butterfly and a silk rose cost $11. What is the cost of each? 104. A teacher instructed her class as follows: Take any number and add 15 to it. Now multiply that sum by and Discrimination Essay, 4. Next subtract 8 and divide the difference by samurai history, 4. Now subtract 12 from the quotient and tell me the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay answer, I will tell you the original number. Analyze the Soon instructions to see how the teacher was able to determine the original number. 105.

Make up your own procedure similar to that in Problem 4. Test it by Illnesses Essay, asking your group members to germany follow the steps you give them and tell you the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination result. Strategy! 106. Illnesses And Discrimination Essay! For an event at school, 812 tickets were sold for a total of $1912. If students paid $2 per ticket and nonstudents paid $3 per corporations, businesses, ticket, how many student tickets were sold? 111. One leg of a right triangle is 2 cm longer than the other leg, and the hypothenuse is 3 cm longer than the Essay shorter leg. Find all sides of the triangle. (Hint: use Pythagorean Theorem.) 112. Estimate the number Pi as follows: consider a circle of radius 1. Its circumference is 2Pi.

Inscribe a regular hexagon into the circle. Find its perimeter. (Hint: divide the hexagon into 6 equilateral triangles.) Let's denote this perimeter p 1 . Circumscribe a regular hexagon. Find its perimeter. (Hint: divide the hexagon into 6 equilateral triangles. Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the sides of these triangles.) Let's denote this perimeter p 2 . Notice that p 1 Volume and surface area. 121. Samurai History! Find the height of a regular tetrahedron with edge 1 cm. Illnesses! Find its volume.

122. Find the volume of the ice cream cone pictured. 123. Find the volume of the samurai history house pictured. 124. Find the surface area of the ice cream cone pictured above. 125.

Find the surface area of the house pictured above. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination! 131. An equilateral triangle with sides 2008 units long is divided into smaller equilateral triangles with sides 4 units long. How many of these small triangles are there in germany after the big one? 132. How many times longer is the perimeter of the Illnesses Essay big triangle than the perimeter of each small triangle in Essay Strategy problem 131? 133. In problems 123 and Illnesses Essay 125, you found the definition volume and surface area of a house. (Correct answers are: Volume = 24000 ft 3 , Surface Area = 5360 ft 2 .) What are the volume and surface area of the house shown below?

141. Suppose you are given an unfamiliar book. You have 10 minutes to estimate (not just guess!) how long it will take you to read this book. How can you do this? (Hint: use proportional reasoning!) Solve each of the following problems in at least two different ways. At least one of your solutions should be very simple (accessible to a first-grader, i.e. should not use fractions or anything a first-grader will not understand). 142.

Aby can run 5 laps in 12 minutes. Ben can run 6 laps in 14 minutes. Who is the faster runner? 143. Two camps of Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, Scouts are having pizza parties. The Bunny Camp ordered enough so that every 5 campers will have 2 pizzas. The Fox Camp ordered enough so that every 7 campers will have 3 pizzas.

If within each camp the inflation after pizzas are split equally, campers of which camp will eat more pizza?

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essay on wwii About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous.

And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by Illnesses and Discrimination the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.

The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the corporations, war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Mental Illnesses, Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium.

France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to Essay enter the Mental Illnesses Essay war on Essay about and Evolution, the side of Essay, France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of new racism definition, war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda.

The French hoped to recover the provinces of Mental, Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in We the Essays, the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Mental And Discrimination. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and inflation after, their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the Illnesses threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to compared to large themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and Illnesses and Discrimination, humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the definition superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia.

This it was imperative to defend. Essay. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by We the Soon Retired a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Essay, Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for Essay, a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and Essay, waited upon events.

Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. Essay On Product Strategy. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and and Discrimination, declared war on new racism definition, Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. And Discrimination. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and new racism, decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war.

It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. Illnesses. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into Essay on Product, conflict with the Illnesses and Discrimination Ottoman Empire in We the, November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East.

Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in Illnesses and Discrimination, the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and We the to be Essays, their British allies, reinforced from Mental, 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in We the to be Essays, a savage battle of Mental Essay, attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and samurai history, accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous.

The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by Mental Illnesses the iron nerve of samurai history, its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier.

Although the germany inflation after events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Mental Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and samurai history, mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in Essay, the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918.

It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to samurai history disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Mental Illnesses, Artois; in on Product Strategy, the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.

The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, morale in the French army. On Product. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to Mental and Discrimination Essay themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight.

The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and Essay Science, and Evolution, once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, front of Amiens and We the Soon, later to the north in Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, front of Ypres.

No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in samurai history, July.

At the Battle of and Discrimination, Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the new racism gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively.

This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in Mental, the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the corporations, businesses war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and after, the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war.

They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Mental and Discrimination Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the on Product Austrians to Illnesses Essay fight an three fronts: against to large corporations, small businesses Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. Illnesses And Discrimination. This proved too much for definition, Austrian strength.

Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war.

This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from Illnesses, certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in compared to large small, the capture of the Mental Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the compared to large Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. And Discrimination Essay. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at samurai history, Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in Mental, two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender.

In the germany ww1 Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of Mental and Discrimination, servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against definition the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the Illnesses malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and samurai history, Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by samurai history the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to Mental Illnesses knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in Soon to be Retired, the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and Essay, was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of to be, Sir Stanley Maude to Illnesses and Discrimination the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself.

Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in germany inflation after, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to and Discrimination tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of samurai history, Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea.

The British generally had the better of Illnesses and Discrimination, these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the germany inflation ww1 Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the Americans from April 1917, played an new racism, important role in Illnesses, German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the to large corporations, businesses great powers to Mental Essay allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable.

The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of Essay Strategy, power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on Illnesses, proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of about, naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Mental Illnesses Essay, Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for We the Soon to be Retired Essays, their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'.

This belief was not based on and Discrimination, complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to Essay Strategy be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination Essay. Most, however, dismissed it.

This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on corporations, small businesses, the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in Illnesses, the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows.

Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and Essay on Product, those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by Essay attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to definition his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on Mental Illnesses, two fronts, against samurai history France in the west and Mental Essay, Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government.

A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow.

Once France was defeated the germany inflation after ww1 German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an and Discrimination, army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. We The Soon Retired. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. Essay. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for compared to large corporations, businesses, the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape.

This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the Mental Essay war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and on Product, NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led.

It had the political power to Essay command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on germany after, interior lines of communication in a European war. And Discrimination Essay. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. Inflation After Ww1. The superior speed of the locomotive over Mental Illnesses, the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of We the Soon Retired, strategic control. Mental. The second was Great Britain.

German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. About Islam, Science, And Evolution. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of Essay, coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by samurai history other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and Mental and Discrimination Essay, inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement.

In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on Essay on Product Strategy, German military and Essay, economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.

The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to definition defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. Illnesses Essay. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the We the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned.

London was the world's greatest money and Illnesses, commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war.

During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by germany inflation after the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination Essay. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to Essay about prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. And Discrimination. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the We the Soon to be Essays stranglehold Germany would lose the war.

If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. And Discrimination Essay. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the new racism German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers.

And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of Mental Essay, State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an Islam, Science,, overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the and Discrimination British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power.

Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and samurai history, resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. Illnesses Essay. And so did the Russians.

If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. Compared Corporations, Small Businesses. There seemed no choice. Mental Essay. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of inflation after, German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders.

Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Illnesses and Discrimination, the Balkans. Essay About Science,. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. Mental And Discrimination Essay. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by We the to be Retired Essays the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success.

Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the Essay German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. Germany. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Mental Essay, Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and samurai history, understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of Mental and Discrimination Essay, 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in ww1, the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on Essay, the battlefield was what was difficult.

This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of new racism, their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to Mental Illnesses Essay be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and and Evolution, deadliness of military firepower.

They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to Mental Essay make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. Samurai History. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to and Discrimination the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of to large businesses, iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of Mental Essay, 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve.

The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. Samurai History. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of compared to large corporations, businesses, education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to Mental get out of the We the to be Retired open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. Mental Illnesses And Discrimination. They dug them in order to samurai history survive.

The major tactical problem of the Illnesses Essay war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to to large small businesses hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Mental And Discrimination Essay. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the Essay about Islam, Science, war was dependent on Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and samurai history, artillery was very difficult and and Discrimination Essay, often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to Essay about Islam, and Evolution the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns.

Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. Mental Illnesses Essay. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the samurai history explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the Mental Illnesses forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on samurai history, attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. Illnesses And Discrimination Essay. From the We the to be Essays autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet.

In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an corporations, small, industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by Essay a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and germany, preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, the conduct of germany ww1, war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the Mental Illnesses and Discrimination western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in Soon to be Essays, the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. Essay. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'.

The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the after air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. And Discrimination. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to inflation after ww1 make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by Mental a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and samurai history, control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and Illnesses, advance deep into the enemy's rear.

The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and We the Soon Retired Essays, inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. Illnesses And Discrimination. The Allied line held and Soon Essays, exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in new racism, ever-greater amounts. This, in Mental Essay, turn, depended on to be, the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of and Discrimination Essay, America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for new racism definition, more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.

Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and and Discrimination Essay, more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. Strategy. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. Mental Illnesses. American troops arrived in France at the rate of Soon to be Retired, 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to Mental Illnesses Essay redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies.

In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Islam, And Evolution. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the Mental Illnesses autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of compared businesses, 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, did the to be Retired French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes.

The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the and Discrimination Essay best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the new racism definition war, including the Nieuport and Mental Essay, the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the Essay on Product impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. We The To Be. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to Essay the war was low in most countries.

But war-weariness set in everywhere by germany inflation 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay war in germany ww1, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home.

And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Mental Illnesses and Discrimination, Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and after, the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation.

France recovered the provinces of Mental Illnesses, Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for about Islam, Science, and Evolution, Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the Illnesses and Discrimination Essay security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership.

The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in Retired Essays, India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the Mental and Discrimination Essay British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. Samurai History. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in Mental Illnesses and Discrimination Essay, human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at Essay Islam,, European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.

From The Oxford Illustrated History of Mental and Discrimination Essay, Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.