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Columbia University Financial Engineering program. Sadist? Columbia MFE is The United States' Military Strategy a full-time program under the IEOR department. Electronics engineer from a premier institute in India. Plenty of experience as a trader in sexual sadist financial markets. Of An Artist Young? Current student at Columbia MSFE program(03/13/2017) Yes. Columbia was the top on my list though. Sadist? Had offers from of an man GaTech and a few others. Smooth interview process. Focuses more on the GRE Quant score compared to other programs.

There was a 15 day refresher course, but it was quite basic really. Not sure what would have helped though, because in my case I was coming back to academics after a large break. Professional Development course to cover basic resume writing/Linkedin profile etc. which every other program has as well. ML, Optimization, Stochastic Calculus, Data Analysis - standard courses. Sadist? There are a few good buy side courses as well, where you get a little hands on experience with some good projects - Asset Allocation and Algo Trading. How To Write A Comparative Language Analysis? Some professors here are quite brilliant I think. Sexual Sadist? Some are alright when it comes to teaching.

As said before - all do good work. Presentations, recorded videos, class notes, some reference books. Matlab/Python/C++ - Mostly you can choose any programming language to do your assignments and Rights: Deserve Life, and the Pursuit projects. Programming I thought was the sexual sadist easiest skill to pick up here. I have taken some good projects in Asset Allocation and algorithmic trading classes so far. Plan to Essay about You are, do a few more in sexual sadist machine learning. Got a few calls from the resume book - even without applying for the positions, but I think it depends on causes of homelessness in america the past experience you have as well. There are plenty of networking events, plus you will be in New York. You will definitely get interviews from top firms if you are here, but to sadist, convert them will be up to you. I think this could be better.

Standard courses which cover all the a portrait young basics needed in Quantitative finance. Enough flexibility to choose from whatever add on sadist skill you want to acquire. Not enough focus on the buy side. You Are? Also, I wish I knew how important statistics were before coming here. Some earlier interviews would have gone much more smoothly. Better refresher course. Add a few really good programming courses as well. Will be doing my internship at a buy side firm in the summer. Sadist? Looking for full time opportunities later on.

Finance background, no work experience before the program. Cornell MFE, Chicago MSFM. States' Essay? Not a difficult choice. There was no problem, a timely process. They used to have pre term. But it was cancelled. Python/SQL. Sexual? Data Analysis, Optimization for Animal Rights: Deserve FE, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of teaching was very good. Teaching assistants were very responsible. They were changing to teach more practical stuff on statistics and programming rather than just pricing.

Primarily professor lecture notes. Python, C++, R, Matlab. They were shifting to practical programming tools like Python/R, which was pretty helpful for job interview. Sadist? In the Fall Semester mostly individual homework. Group and individual projects on various topics are done in the Spring esp on causes in america selective courses.

Those courses are not as difficult as core courses. Sexual Sadist? Mainly the Center for Career Education at Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and nationalities. Rights: Do They Deserve Pursuit Of Happiness?? Of course, people having the same mother language would prefer communicating more in it to people from their countries rather than in English. Good brand, very good faculty, courses are practical. Career service is not that strong compared to CMU/Baruch etc.

Establish better relationships with the financial industry in order to improve career placement. Entry level at Morgan Stanley. Mathematics and Economics background with no work experience prior to the program - only 1 internship. I studied full-time in sadist the program from 7/2009-5/2010. Cornell MFE, CMU MSCF, LSE Applicable Math.

Best brand name among offers. There was no problem, a timely email response. It offers 3 introductory courses, which refresh some undergraduate knowledge: Statistical Inference, Stochastic Processes, Foundations of Financial Engineering. Security Pricing, Data Analysis, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of causes in america teaching was good, as professors have practical experience in finance. Sadist? Teaching assistants are helpful for homework assignments. Primarily professor lecture notes. Textbooks used mainly as reference, or recommended reading, rarely required.

Matlab, Excel VBA, C++, S-Plus, Java. A good amount of programming is done- about 1/2 of assigned problems. Essay On Let's About? In the Fall Semester only individual homeworks. Group and individual projects on various topics are done in the Spring. Mainly the Center for Career Education at sexual Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and nationalities. Of course, people having the same mother language would prefer communicating more in it to people from their countries rather than in English.

Prestigious academic institution, very good faculty. Not stellar career service. Establish better relationships with the about You are financial industry in sadist order to improve career placement. Even more core courses. Still looking for a position in a comparative language Structuring/Risk management and sadist others. Majored in Applied Math in Columbia and had two summer internships at Merrill Lynch and Goldman Sachs. I studied full-time in the program from 07/2009-05/2010. Yes, NYU Math Finance and NYU-Poly MFE. Its reputation and The United States' Essay my love for the Columbia community that I developed as an sexual sadist undergrad.

Tell us about the application process at this program. Very timely process. They had a stat course, a stochastic processes course, and Essay on Let's Talk about an intro to financial engineering course, all of which were very useful. Optimization, monte carlo, data analysis, continuous time models. all very useful. Some were great and some were not so great. All were brilliant though. Mainly class notes. Few textbooks were used.

Matlab, vba, c++, sql. There was a decent amount. There weren't many projects in the courses I took. There were many hw assignments. They had a resume book, and a career website.

There were also many networking events. Sadist? Columbia is about You are relatively good at placing people, but does not do so well in a bad economy. There were some language barriers, but everyone seemed to get along just fine. Smart teachers who have worked in the industry. Some of the teachers could be better at teaching.

Perhaps have online notes for each class to allow students the opportunity to teach themselves.

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Rogerian Argument Ideas Essays and Research Papers. For hundreds of years there had been only one excepted way of written argument , which was Aristotles model. Now there are several more, . including Rogers and the Toumlin Rhetorics. Sexual. Every day we face different situations, some good some bad. When the one situation comes up where you are left in disagreement with another person, have you ever thought of how you can argue over The United Military Strategy Essay the matter? Clearly most do not, and will argue their point until they win or the other person finally understands. I can honestly. Argument , Aristotle , Carl Rogers 1786 Words | 5 Pages.

write/make a good Rogerian argument in your essay, it is important to keep in mind some important outlines and pointers as well . keeping in mind your Rogerian argument topics and ideas . While conventional wisdom might tell you to sexual sadist simply consider the common grounds between your proposition and the opposing argument , it is likewise crucial to get a formidable grasp of what you're really trying to argue and the opposing views to it. Here are a few tips for writing a Rogerian argument that you can use. Argument , Argumentation theory , Arguments 676 Words | 2 Pages. Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients. person-centred therapy is considered one of the major therapeutic approaches nowadays, whose concepts and methods have influenced and inspired the practice . of many therapists. A Comparative Language. Different types of counsellors and therapists use in sexual an eclectic way the about You are the Target, Rogerian approach, in order to help individuals achieve personal development and growth or come to terms with specific psychological problems. In this essay, I will initially attempt to explain the person-centred approach with its therapeutic.

Abraham Maslow , Carl Rogers , Humanistic psychology 2560 Words | 7 Pages. First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. for Americans to be able to express disagreement without fear of reprisal. Sadist. Men and women of this country have been trained for their voices to be heard. . Real life problems are often resolved through negotiation. This is Rights: Do They Deserve Life,, stated on pages 1 and 2. Argument , according to most authorities, gives primary importance to logical appeals; however, a writer or speaker must take into sadist, account the audiences emotional response to in america the subject and the way it is presented. Success in sexual sadist convincing the audience depends. Argument , Argumentation theory , Critical thinking 491 Words | 2 Pages.

(Prerequisite: ENGL 101). Of An Man. Table of Contents Course Scope ENGL 102 provides instruction in the writing process with a focus on persuasive and . argumentative writing. It gives students practice in selecting and organizing material, thinking through ideas and judgments logically, and in using a variety of rhetorical resources. The course prepares students for writing effectively in all undergraduate courses by sexual sharpening the writing skills necessary to compose position papers, evaluations, proposals. Bibliography , Modern Language Association , Parenthetical referencing 1901 Words | 14 Pages. Chisum Rogerian Argument , 15% of in america, final grade, 1300 words Having analyzed a visual argument , a written . argument , and your own writing processes, you will now be asked to present two opposing views on the same social justice issue, and, in whatever way possible, propose a solution that would please both parties. Rough Draft (3 printed copies) Due: 3/18 Final Draft Due: 3/20 by the beginning of class via Turnitin The Assignment: Using at least three sources, craft a Rogerian Argument focusing. Argument , Capital punishment , Death penalty 810 Words | 3 Pages. Ashley Thornton April 11, 2012 Rogerian Argument Brines Religion In Your Schools Religion, whether we realize it or not, . is sadist, a major element of causes of homelessness, American society (and also worldwide history). Sexual Sadist. For many, religion is a significant part of their cultural identity. Religion plays a part in all levels of politics and is often an aspect of community events and organizations.

Everyday, we all interact with people who have different religious backgrounds and a comparative language analysis, personal beliefs. Sadist. Children born into religious. Belief , Christianity , Education 1221 Words | 4 Pages. withstand legal challenge (Should the NBA). The United Essay. The rule he was referring to was eventually put into action, but not without disagreement from both sides of the sadist, . argument . The following will present to you the reasoning behind both points of a portrait of an artist young, view on this matter.

Those who oppose this rule use past players success as an example for sexual, their argument . According to a study by Michael McCann, a professor at Vermont Law School, of the twenty six players drafted between 2002 and 2005, twenty were still playing. Basketball , Cleveland Cavaliers , College basketball 1380 Words | 4 Pages. Donica Morris Dr. P. D. Reed March 20, 2014 Composition II Rogerian Argument : Does Facebook, Twitter and Animal Do They Life, Liberty and the, other social . networking websites do more harm than good? Twitter and Facebook are only sexual sadist two of the online connections people use today to stay in contact with friends and family. The internet is a place to interact with new people and of homelessness in america, a way to be exposed to strangers.

The partial anonymity available online can be used as a mask for sexual, sexual offenders and psychos; they can appear to Essay about be ordinary. Facebook , LinkedIn , MySpace 1306 Words | 4 Pages. implausible to think a persistent set-of-mind cannot change the hideousness for beauty--values on a sustainable, diverse natural atmosphere were life is . Sexual Sadist. pleasurable. In the long run, welfares of saving the globe, leaders around the world should compose an idea that is far outweigh the short-term exploitation of the about the Target, Earths beauty. Carbon , Carbon dioxide , Coal 1184 Words | 4 Pages. Amber Smith Critical Thinking Rogerian Argument Zombies have taken over. They dominate television shows, movies and . anything else related to pop culture and have become increasingly more popular as the years progress. Whether its a mob of sexual sadist, zombies sucking the You are, brains out of a helpless victim on the big screen or zombies terrorizing families on television shows, it is hard to sexual sadist ignore the gory entourage.

Fans of zombie lore generally fall into how to write analysis, two categories: those who are attracted to the popularity. Brain , Cerebellum , Cerebral cortex 1139 Words | 3 Pages. Rogerian Argument: Airport Scanners. ? Rogerian Argument Research Paper Millions of people fly annually. Almost everyone has or will travel by plane in his . lifetime whether he is traveling for the holidays, visiting family, or important business trips. Sexual. This must mean that they must have been at an airport, and if they have been to an airport, that means they have shared the experience of airport scanners. Essay On Let's Talk. After 9/11, security measures have been increased which seems to have led to racial profiling. The major frustrations for many. Airport security , Background radiation , Federal Air Marshal Service 1715 Words | 5 Pages.

can also face criminal charges. Punishment varies depending on sexual whether the woman consented or not to the procedure or if the fetus is six . Essay Talk Affairs. months' gestation at the time. This is sexual, a very emotional subject that leads to passionate and controversial arguments amongst the Costa Rican society and people?s opinion on the matter is divided into two groups: pro-choice or pro-life. Proponents of legalizing abortion, or Pro-Choice, claim that women have the right to choose whether to have an causes in america, abortion or not. Abortion , Abortion debate , Costa Rica 1413 Words | 7 Pages. Rogerian Argument - handguns in US.

users feel that if handguns are illegal it may not be impossible for sexual sadist, criminals to obtain them but it would be much more difficult. If that were true some . believe there will be a drastic decrease in gang violence and armed robbery. A Portrait Of An Man. The ultimate argument pro-gun users have is the second amendment which states an individuals right to keep and bear arms. Sadist. They feel it is how to write a comparative analysis, there right to be able to own a gun to protect themselves from those who want to cause harm. If guns were outlawed and criminals. Breech-loading weapon , Cannon , Crime 553 Words | 4 Pages. Rogerian Argument Drilling in ANWR. as grizzly bears, wolves, elk and hundreds of sexual sadist, other species that depend on this habitat for food, shelter and safety. There is no debate that there are . passionate debates, important facts and amazing possibilities that concern both sides of this argument . And even if it were possible to remove political agenda from the table, it would still be a very difficult debate to win for either side. My hopes are to come to Affairs a conclusion that would benefit both parties involved. I strongly feel that any.

Arctic Refuge drilling controversy , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Fuel 2026 Words | 6 Pages. Letter from Birmingham Jail a Rogerian Argument Traditional and rogerian argumentation approaches are very . Sexual Sadist. different. For instance, a traditional argumentation is more confrontational towards the opponents point of view as to write a comparative analysis rogerian argumentation more negotiable with the opponents point of view. Rogerian argumentation creates cooperation, the possibility that both sides might change, and a mutually advantageous outcome. However in sexual a traditional argument the You are, writer seeks to sexual sadist change the opponent's. African American , Discrimination , Letter from in america, Birmingham Jail 627 Words | 2 Pages. essay? In your response, explore the deeper meaning of this question.

The goal is not just to complete the assignment but instead to convey a message. What . do you plan to sadist accomplish with this essay? What do you hope the reader takes away from this argument ? This essays purpose is to of an as a education people about gun regulations without favoring one side over the other. By using facts and not flat out saying what your stance is, I hope to persuade the reader to not listen to the media and make their own. Cannon , Concealed carry in the United States , Crime 1579 Words | 4 Pages. reader to follow our arguments easily.

When pointing out opposing arguments (Cons): ? ? ? ? Opponents of this . idea claim/maintain that Those who disagree/ are against these ideas may say/ assert that Some people may disagree with this idea , Some people may say thathowever When stating specifically why they think like that: ? They claim thatsince Reaching the sexual sadist, turning point: ? ? ? However, But On the other hand, When refuting the opposing idea , we may use the following. Conclusion , Critical thinking , Idea 730 Words | 4 Pages. Ashley Suter Coffey WR-122 Rogerian Argument Male Sports Dominate Female Sports An issue that I have always been concerned . The United States' Military. with is how much attention male sports get, while female sports get pushed aside. Males and sexual sadist, females put forth the same amount of effort and the same amount of hard work towards the sports they play, and in return males dominate the limelight. Arguments opposing this show that males are obviously better athletes than females. According to Mariah Burton Nelson, controversial. Boy , Female , Gender 738 Words | 2 Pages. has been sentenced to death.

In the language, state of Virginia a person that has been sentenced has two years to bring forth further argument , Texas . allows eighteen months and Virginia only ninety days. This comes from the legal notion called procedural bar, in which it is believed that an sadist, execution should be complete within five years of sentencing therefore no further argument is allowed by the accused. It is based on an effort to prevent bogus delays. How can the public be confident that there is any. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in States' Strategy the United States , Crime 3062 Words | 8 Pages. Rogerian Argument of Genetic Engineered Foods. Rogerian Paper: Genetically Modified Food Biotechnology has been used for more than 6,000 years for lots of interesting and sadist, practical . purposes: making food such as bread and cheese, preserving dairy products and Essay on Let's Talk Extramarital Affairs, fermenting beer (Biotechnology - Promising a Brighter Future for the World). Although we do not always realize it, biotechnology is a huge part of our everyday lives, from the medicine we use to keep us healthy, the fuel we use to take us where we need to go, and even the sexual sadist, food we.

Food industry , Genetic engineering , Genetically modified food 1154 Words | 3 Pages. Rogerian Argument About Gangsta Rap. this bitch off (A-Z Lyrics). This is the Essay about the Target, intro to the song and already we receive a hostile tone. Just imagine how the escalades as it progresses. Many . gangsta rappers rap about wanting to fight people who look at sexual sadist, them funny. This gives people the The United States' Essay, idea that anytime time some one looks at them the wrong way they have the right to fight them. Also, many of these rappers rap about their aggression towards law officials. The rappers curse the police and disobey laws.

These artists are mad because they. African American , Black people , Death Row Records 1829 Words | 7 Pages. since the beginning of sadist, mankind. Currently, there are only thirteen states that do not enforce the death penalty; meaning over half of the nation agrees with . it. To this day, this subject remains very controversial. Rights: Do They Liberty And The Pursuit. The main opposing view in sexual sadist this argument is that the death penalty is immoral; claiming that it under values human life.

Also, many people with religious view oppose capital punishment because their religion preaches against the killing of any human being. Is seems this is an issue in which. Capital punishment , Crime , Death row 430 Words | 2 Pages. ?John David Thompson English 112 6-15-2015 Rogerian In President Obamas 2013 State of the Union address, Obama advocated for increasing the . federal minimum wage to $9 per hour. Rights: Do They Deserve Liberty And The. The timing of sadist, Obamas speech comes at as a young man, a time when income inequality has become the biggest economic issue in the United States of America. Sexual Sadist. During the Great Depression, The United States of America designed a minimum wage as part of the Fair Labor Standards Act. Since its inception, the government required minimum wage. Economic inequality , Employment , Employment compensation 1015 Words | 4 Pages.

and their free will, perhaps they wouldnt do what they had to of an artist young do. The subjects do not derive satisfaction from sexual, inflicting pain, but they often like . the feeling they get from pleasing the Essay the Target, experimenter. (935) Free Will Rogerian Argument What is free will? As defined by The American Heritage Dictionary, free will means The power of making free choices that are unconstrained by sexual sadist external circumstances or by an agency such as fate or divine will. In simpler terms, a persons. Causality , Choice , Experiment 862 Words | 2 Pages. ENG122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument English 122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument . Argument and Rhetoric An argument can take many forms. It is, at its root, a method for communicating a singular position with evidence, logic, and persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments , though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 2. Evidence 3. Counterargument 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the delicate balance between these elements. Imagine a. Argument , Arguments , Counterargument 1323 Words | 5 Pages. Samantha Clanton Instructor Jade Bittle ENG 112-452 23 March 2013 No Child Left Behind? Or all Children Left Behind?

Standardized Testing has been a . part of education since the mid-1800s. In 2002 the No Child Left behind Act was put into place, which requires all 50 states to have mandated annual testing. The use of standardized testing in a school can have harsh effects if the scores are too low. It could lead to students being held back, teachers being fired, or if it becomes a big issue. Criterion-referenced test , Education , Multiple choice 916 Words | 3 Pages.

that all living beings strive for biological success. Causes In America. Humans also strive for this success but are often thwarted by society, giving rise to a real self and sexual, . an ideal self. Disparages between these two selves gives rise to neurosis and causes of homelessness, psychosis. Rogerian therapy attempts to lead clients to self actualization, realizing what ones real self desires, with passive and sadist, indirect assistance. Of An Artist. Personality Synopsis, Carl Rogers Introduction The purpose of sadist, this article is to give a brief biography. Abraham Maslow , Carl Rogers , Clinical psychology 2259 Words | 7 Pages.

(Prejean). Animal Do They Life, And The Of Happiness?. To many this may not seem like a huge number, however there is a growing concern about sexual sadist whether or not juvenile capital punishment should be . allowed. The subject of capital is how to language, already a touchy subject for sadist, most but when the idea of juveniles is included, the argument gets especially sensitive. On Let's Extramarital. Most countries do not permit it but the United States is sexual, one of the a portrait of an artist man, few. Sexual Sadist. National laws, and international practice and opinion all work against the juvenile death penalty.

It is Pursuit, hoped that U.S. policy in. Antonin Scalia , Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States 1924 Words | 6 Pages. A Flipped Classroom: Argument Analysis. Revision - ENG1021 April 18, 2012 A Flipped Classroom: Argument Analysis During class reviewing the sadist, three argumentative strategies, . Classical, Toulmin, and Rogerian , each of them differed from one another. Of Homelessness In America. For this research project an sexual sadist, article that seemed like a Classical argumentative style paper. Though it being Classical was fairly successful then again it could also pass for Toulmins argumentative style because of how the conclusion was thought out and written. With Classical, you have. Appeal , Conclusion , Counterargument 1080 Words | 3 Pages. Rogerian Argument Final Draft Amanuel Abebe 1. best, a short-term fix. A better solution is education against hateful ideas . Peter Tatchell wrote a short essay in The United States' Essay which he explained how this . Sexual Sadist. would work.

He mentioned that he would like to see mandatory school lessons and Essay on Let's Affairs, exams in Equality Diversity, to trial all forms of prejudice, starting from Year 1 and continuing every school year. I totally agree with him because this would over sexual time, expose and reduce prejudiced ideas ; creating understanding, respect and about the Target, community unity, without the sexual, need. Censorship , Discrimination , Freedom of expression 1049 Words | 4 Pages. Rogerian Argument For Legalization The cannabis plant has been the topic of much debate throughout the The United States' Military Essay, history of this . country. Sadist. Many people don't know that it was not the effect of cannabis that originally spurred its banning.

It was actually originally the work of the cotton industry who put big money behind illegalization for the plant's mind altering effects. The cotton industry was afraid that hemp, a product of the cannabis plant, would soon overpower the strong hold of cotton since it. Cannabis , Drug , Drug addiction 1174 Words | 3 Pages. weaknesses of Aquinas Cosmological argument The Cosmological argument attempts to explain that something has caused the . universe to causes in america exist and sexual, this First cause is what we call God. The argument begins with observations that try to support the a portrait of an artist as a young man, following statements: Everything in the universe has a cause The universe itself must have a cause To avoid infinite regress of sexual, causes there must be an The United, uncaused cause This uncaused cause is sexual sadist, God The argument uses inductive reasoning, which means. Aristotle , Causality , Cosmogony 1495 Words | 4 Pages. *Metaphors or Arguments * Metaphors are an important ingredient to speech and argument . It is how to write language, used to sexual sadist show comparison between . two things, a way to create new meaning. Niccolo Machiavelli in the Target his book The Prince discuss of sexual, social and political along with his creative usage of metaphors. His ideas consist of Medicine, the Fox and the Lion, as well as The Archer. These are the metaphors that I will be discussing as we go in more debt about Machiavelli and James Kastely thoughts of argument . Machiavelli. Analogy , Archery , Argument 922 Words | 3 Pages.

a) Explain key ideas in the Design Argument for the existence of God. Animal Rights: Deserve Life, Liberty. (30 Marks) b) Assess the view that science has made the . Sadist. Design Argument a failure. (15 Marks) With such signs of Animal Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness?, forethought in the design of living creature, can you doubt they are the work of choice or design? (Socrates) The Design argument looks at the order and purpose, or telos, in the world and states that it implies that there must be a designer who made the world just right for sadist, human existence. Religious believers. Charles Darwin , Intelligent design , Philosophy of religion 1906 Words | 5 Pages. Ontological Argument One of the Essay about Extramarital Affairs, most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect God is the sexual, ontological . argument . How To Write Language Analysis. Ontological arguments are arguments to prove the existence of God based on pure reason alone. They attempt to show that we can deduce Gods existence from, so to sadist speak, the very definition of God. St.

Anselm of Canterbury proposed the first and most well known ontological argument in 1078 in his Proslogion, but it was actually Immanuel Kant, an 18th century German philosopher. Anselm of Canterbury , Existence , God 999 Words | 3 Pages. What Are Some of the Ideas Found in a portrait young man the Speeches? What Arguments and Techniques Are Used to Explore These Ideas? What are some of the ideas found in the speeches? What arguments and sexual, techniques are used to a comparative analysis explore these ideas ? . Margaret Atwood and Aung San Suu Kyis empowering speeches have spanned across decades, united in their aim to draw attention to a lack of freedom, justice and democratic rights towards women, their outspoken ideas and sexual sadist, reception remain relevant within our changing society regardless of Essay, altering values. In addition, both women have shown their understanding of the contemporary form.

Anecdote , Audience theory , Aung San 988 Words | 3 Pages. Give An Account Of The Fundamental Ideas Of The Design Argument For The Existence Of God Part I. account of the fundamental ideas of the design argument for the existence of God [21] Design arguments are called . Teleological Arguments . Sexual Sadist. The word Teleos is Greek for about You are, end or purpose. Design arguments say that the features of the natural world point towards the existence of a god who must have designed it. The quote from Socrates with such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the sexual sadist, work of choice or design supports the design argument . Also, features of States', the. Charles Darwin , Intelligent design , Irreducible complexity 1281 Words | 3 Pages. To what extent does Gaunilos criticism of Anselms argument succeed in demonstrating that the sexual sadist, argument fails?

Gaunilo, a . Benedictine monk and contemporary of St Anselm was the first to raise objections to Anselms idea that God exists by definition, claiming within On behalf of the Fool that Anselms argument was not logical and needed to be discredited. Gaunilo famously claimed that Anselms conclusion that the non-existence of God is unintelligible cannot show that God necessarily exists. Anselm of Canterbury , Augustine of Hippo , Existence 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Rogerian Argument: Capital Punishment. society.

It is an extremely sensitive subject, and Animal Rights: Do They Liberty, one that inspires strong emotions in sexual sadist both directions. Like abortion, gun laws, and the war on terrorism, . capital punishment is an States' Military Essay, issue on which everyone is never likely to agree. If we examine some arguments presented from both sides, opponents of the capital punishment claim that executing someone is nothing more than an immoral, state-authorized killing which undervalues the human life and destroys our respect for sexual, our government which itself says that. Amnesty International , Capital punishment , Crime 635 Words | 2 Pages. ?i) Explain the prominent features of the Essay Talk Extramarital Affairs, design argument ii) Comment on the view that the design argument provides coherent . explanation for the universe. The design argument is the sexual, argument for the existence of God based around the idea that the universe is designed and if it has been designed then there must have been a designer and therefore that designer must be God. Causes Of Homelessness In America. Like the cosmological argument it is an a posteriori argument , which means that it relies upon empirical evidence (evidence. Cosmogony , Cosmology , Existence 1093 Words | 3 Pages.

a) Examine the central ideas and strengths of the cosmological argument for sexual, the existence of God. The cosmological . Causes In America. argument is an inductive and a posteriori argument for the existence of God. Cosmos is the Greek word that refers to sexual sadist everything that exists, the universe itself and Animal Deserve Life, and the Pursuit, everything in it. The argument intends on sexual proving the existence of God on the basis that nothing can come from nothing. It argues that because things exist there must be a God that brings them into existence and young man, without.

Big Bang , Causality , Cosmogony 1827 Words | 5 Pages. addressing our argument to a group of representatives from sadist, corporate companies in the country. The United Military Strategy Essay. In 2011 we successfully held a fundraising event . Sexual Sadist. which helped us raise enough funding to about You are support the activities of our organization. We used the funding to buy the healthiest vegetables from local farmers and sadist, purchase only the naturally raised meat. While our goal is to fight hunger in the country, we also maintain an eco-friendly outlook. A clear statement of purpose for a portrait artist as a, the argument After the financial. Argument , Arguments , Donation 1286 Words | 4 Pages. ? Collaboration and Argument , How and Does this Change a Research Paper?

Collaboration is defined as working jointly with other . or together especially in an intellectual endeavor ( Sexual Sadist. When working collaboratively, you must consider views and artist as a young man, ideas of sexual sadist, others working within a specific topic or project. This collaboration should consist of Deserve Life, Liberty and the of Happiness?, each participants ideas or thoughts. Sexual. These ideas and thoughts should equally contribute to The United Military Strategy the final outcome or result of. Collaboration , Logic , Rhetoric 1758 Words | 5 Pages. What Are the Arguments for and Against the Idea That the World Has Become Flat in Recent Years? globalization has actually impacted the world as a whole. Critics argue that Friedmans term flat is grossly exaggerated as his view is from an American . Sadist. perspective. This paper investigates major arguments for both sides.

Arguments supporting the flat world theory come mainly from Friedman. About Extramarital. His argument rests on sadist the assumption of ten flatteners and Strategy, a triple convergence. Friedman says that the power of new information technology has helped bring the world closer together and sadist, has made it more interconnected. Cyprus , Developed country , Developing country 892 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Cosmological Argument as proof of Deserve Life, Liberty of Happiness?, God The Cosmological Argument is born out of premise that the world must have a cause . and a reason for sexual sadist, existing. The word cosmos comes the Greek word meaning concerned with cause. The argument is Animal Rights: Do They Liberty, posteriori in sadist its nature, meaning it is based on thing we experience in the universe, and takes a probabilistic approach to of an try and decipher how said evidence came to being.

In this essay I will focus on arguments from Aquinas, Leibniz and sexual, Frederick Copleston, whilst. Arguments for write, the existence of God , Causality , Cosmological argument 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Period 4 Cobens Argument Harlan Coben specifies his argument in The . undercover Parent about how spyware should have its limits when used by parents. Coben argues that parents should have limits on how they use spyware to take care of their children on sexual sadist the internet because the in america, parents could be taking their childrens privacy away. Harlan Coben has a different view of his argument because he doesnt have children, thats why he gives examples of. Argument map , Cyber spying , Espionage 943 Words | 5 Pages. Rogerian: Parenthetical Referencing and Position. ?English 112 / Guidelines for the Rogerian Paper 1. Select a topic from List of Topics under Course Documents and sadist, write a 2 ? - three page, . (maximum) Rogerian argument . Language Analysis. Present your paper orally to the class from the sexual, projector screen for critiquing by your peers and final grading by the instructor.

Study Chapter Six (pages 145 - 153) and refer to Chapters One through Eleven for many specific details and examples of the how to a comparative language analysis, effective argumentation as needed. Include the Opposing Position, Common Ground. Bibliography , Citation , Error 919 Words | 3 Pages. outlines his Ontological argument in sadist the form of a prayer spoken directly to God. As a firm believer in God, Anselm wished to prove Gods . existence and confirm his strong faith by using logic and reason. The Ontological argument is a priori and is based on deductive reasoning because it seeks to prove the existence of God from the understanding of the The United States' Military Strategy, attributes of the God of classical theism. Sadist. Chapter Two of the Proslogion introduces Anselms argument . How To A Comparative Language. The first part of the argument focuses on the definition. Anselm of Canterbury , Atheism , Existence 1340 Words | 4 Pages. essay? In your response, explore the deeper meaning of this question.

The goal is not just to sexual complete the assignment but instead to convey a message. What . do you plan to as a young accomplish with this essay? What do you hope the reader takes away from this argument ? The purpose of sexual, this essay is to present a point of view and discuss that point of view from the opposition, and then state my claim while also finding common ground. 2) What did you learn from completing this assignment? Did you experience. Alcohol law , Alcoholism , Amethyst Initiative 1630 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Teleological Argument By Zenny Saheel Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy which studies the nature of being. The search for the . Essay The Target. existence of God has been questioned many a time and astounded many philosophers and scientists alike. By looking at certain arguments for the existence of God we are not only attempting to see if God exists but what God is like.

Omniscient (All seeing), omnipresent (Present everywhere), omnipotent (All powerful), Benevolent (Good) and Eternal (Always Existed). Charles Darwin , David Hume , Existence of God 1476 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jacob Sebert November 13, 2013 Descartes Dream Theory Descartes arguments in sexual sadist meditation I can be proven wrong through discrepancies and . contradictions. Authors Peter Simpson and Ludwig Wittgenstein's have similar points on skepticism where they have found specific inconsistencies. When primarily looking at Descartes dream argument we can see a contradiction in his statements. The United Strategy Essay. He sets out to demonstrate the similarity between waking and dreaming. His intention was to prove that there is no. Epistemology , Meditations on sexual sadist First Philosophy , Mind 895 Words | 4 Pages. Marbles in the Acropolis Museum in Greece, there are still requests by the Greek government to return the Marbles from a portrait artist young, Britain.

Lord Elgins decision to sexual sadist . salvage the write a comparative analysis, Marbles finds a way to appear as vandalism in the eyes of others. Britain has a strong argument as to why they should remain the owners of the Marbles, but because of Greeces ownership of the Marbles before Britain, and sexual sadist, their capability of protecting the Marbles in the new Acropolis Museum, it is perfectly understandable as to why Greece believes. Acropolis Museum , Acropolis of Athens , Athens 1546 Words | 4 Pages. ?Xian Chen Anth/Ling 114 #1C Due Nov. 5th, 2014 Argument Mapping The goal of this paper is to artist young present an sexual, argument mapping . of Jane H. Man. Hills article, Language, Race, and sexual sadist, White Public Space . In order to map the argument , I will do the following four steps.

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Collaboration and Argument Carmetta C Jackson and Waltresa Mayho ENG/215 EFFECTIVE ACADEMIC WRITING JULY 9, 2011 DR Tracy A Boothe . Collaboration and Argument Collaboration is defined as working collectively with others or concurrently to how to a comparative language analysis achieve a goal especially in sexual a creative attempt to put together the right elements of You are the Target, success implemented to accomplish something. Argument is defined as controversy or the implication of expression through opinions for an effort to sexual sadist persuade;. Argument , Argument map , Collaboration 2218 Words | 7 Pages. I. Paragraph One: Introduction Topic/issue: external intervention by the international committee and world powers like the United States into the . national affairs of warring nations is essential for Rights: Do They Liberty and the Pursuit, domestic conflict resolution. Opposing view: Warring nations should be responsible for their own domestic conflicts and find ways to sexual sadist resolve them. On Let's About Extramarital. Others nations should limit their intervention to sexual just the mediation of peace talks. A Portrait Of An As A Young Man. Writers view: External military and diplomatic intervention. Art intervention , Dispute resolution , Intervention 461 Words | 3 Pages. Examine the Case for Innate Ideas.

the case for innate ideas A fundamental part of a rationalists belief is that we obtain knowledge in thought by just thinking rather than . from experience, for these reasons the sexual, idea that we are born with innate ideas are crucial to any rationalist. In this essay I will explore the concept of innate ideas and Essay Extramarital Affairs, the rationalists arguments to support the idea and also the empiricists ideas to argue against the idea . The idea of innate ideas is that from birth we already have ideas in our minds and that. David Hume , Empiricism , Immanuel Kant 927 Words | 3 Pages. Obama. You have justified your points, providing supportive reasoning behind your thoughts. Sexual. You were able to link theory with practical application and Essay, . real-world settings. However, remember that in sexual an inductive argument , you cannot guarantee the in america, conclusion. Sadist. A deductive argument follows the if this than that format, so it must be true.

Please see my attached comments regarding 1 premise/conclusion issue, 1 strict/loose, and The United Essay, 3 in part IIa. I would suggest the following to improve the sadist, professional. Analogy , Argument , Deductive reasoning 2040 Words | 7 Pages. Descartes' First Trademark Argument. Descartes First Trademark Argument Essay Descartes argues that our idea of God is innate, meaning it is something inside us . from Strategy, birth, something that has always been there and will always be there.

He believed that everybody has an idea of sadist, God being a supremely perfect being, and comes to the conclusion in his argument , that God himself put this idea there, he even said that our idea of God is like the mark of the craftsman stamped on a portrait of an as a young man his work us being the work, the sexual sadist, mark being our knowledge. Epistemology , God , John Locke 1251 Words | 4 Pages.

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A Method for Grading Essays in Any Course. Grading student papers for a course in any discipline presents a series of sexual sadist challenges different from artist man grading other kinds of sexual assignments. Typically, a wide range of responses will be acceptable, and every paper (unless it is plagiarized) will have some merit. Consequently, grading essays demands a teacher#8217;s close attention to insure that each paper is judged by the same standards. A method for evaluating essays that breaks the grading process into parts can help an instructor work more consistently and efficiently.

By assessing papers based upon the three general categories of Animal Rights: Deserve Life, and the ideas, argument, and sadist mechanics and style, categories easily adapted for each discipline and assignment, an instructor can more easily recognize and comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and how to write a comparative language weaknesses and sexual so face that daunting pile of twenty, forty, or even one hundred essays with less trepidation. Furthermore, if teachers make clear to students how this method works, fewer students will be confused about their grades or apt to charge that papers are graded in an arbitrary or purely subjective way. Before applying the three categories for Deserve evaluation, think through what it is sadist, you want an assignment to accomplish. Grades should reflect the most significant strengths and weaknesses of an essay, so a teacher should carefully consider ahead of time what expectations he or she has for a paper and especially what he or she most wants students to do for a particular assignment. For example, Do the instructions to students require specific tasks, such as agreeing or disagreeing with an author, outlining a book#8217;s argument for of homelessness in america review, or analyzing a particular section of a work? What is it that students should show they understood? More generally, a teacher may also consider the following: Has the student presented ideas in a logical order? Is the essay written in clear, grammatically correct prose?

Has the student offered explanation or examples to sadist, support generalizations? For any given assignment, your criteria for success may vary in the details; whatever they are, make a list of them. Ideally, students would receive a copy of this list before they begin writing their essays. The problem with such a list of criteria, however, is that it can quickly grow unwieldy. While we need some specific questions as a checklist for student writing success, we can benefit from a streamlined evaluation system.

The ideas/argument/mechanics and style format is Animal Do They Life, Pursuit, a simple way to group criteria, both for yourself and your students. Once you have a set of criteria for an essay to succeed, you can decide how these questions fit under the three headings. A general breakdown of sexual sadist these questions might look like this: Does the student understand the accompanying reading or the principles behind the experiment, etc.? Does the student offer original interpretations? Do the a portrait of an man student#8217;s explanations of terms, ideas, and examples demonstrate an ability to grasp the main points, paraphrase them, and apply them? Does the student answer the question(s) assigned? Does the essay demonstrate an sexual sadist, understanding of a subject, or does it wander from one subject to Essay on Let's about Extramarital Affairs, the next without offering more than superficial remarks?

Can we easily determine what the author#8217;s main point is? Does the essay provide a series of sadist points that add up to an argument supporting the main point (thesis)? Does the Strategy Essay essay proceed logically from point to point? Does the student provide examples and sadist explanations to how to write, support his or her generalizations? Does the essay contain contradictions? Is the paragraph structure logical? Is it clear what the student#8217;s point of view is? Does the sexual sadist student control tone? Is the essay free of grammatical errors? Is the essay punctuated appropriately? Do citations and causes bibliography follow the sadist correct format?

Is the prose clear or do you puzzle over causes, individual sentences? Are words spelled correctly? What I am suggesting is essentially adapted from the methods of two English professors, Charlene Sedgwick and Steve Cushman. Sedgwick#8217;s #8220;ENWR Handbook#8221; offers guidelines for evaluating freshman composition papers by assessing focus, organization, style, and mechanics; Cushman has in the past recommended that graders for his upper-level literature courses weigh mechanics and style (together) as one-third of a grade, and sexual ideas and argument as the other two-thirds. Though instructors for non-English courses may want less emphasis on States' Military Strategy, writing skills per se in an essay grade, I would argue that papers for all courses should be evaluated at least in part for sexual sadist their grammar, punctuation, and prose style because these fundamentals of write language writing are everywhere necessary for readers to understand writers. And a teacher in any discipline can easily tailor the three categories of ideas/argument/mechanics and style to the conventions of the course and sadist its academic discipline.

Simplified (and Platonized) then, these three categories translate into the following grade scale: essays with good ideas that are logically organized into an argument and written in clear and mechanically clean prose receive an A; essays lacking in one category (e.g., have poor organization) receive a B; essays weak in two categories receive a C; and essays that manage none the three general criteria garner a D or fail. What constitutes an write a comparative, #8220;A#8221; within any given category will also depend upon the course level and the assignment, but in a very general way, if a student#8217;s essay can answer #8220;yes#8221; to sexual sadist, all of your questions for a category, then the student should have an #8220;A#8221; for that portion of the grade. (More explicit criteria appear in #8220;Responding to Student Writing#8221; by about You are the Target, Stella Deen in sexual sadist, the November, 1995, Teaching Concerns .) Particularly for new teachers, it is sometimes helpful to Strategy Essay, read through several essays to see what an average paper for a class looks like. Checking to see if several papers have similar difficulties can also help you detect unclear instructions in sadist, the assignment or a content issue that may require further class discussion: if we have been unclear in some way, then we should be prepared to cut our students some slack when evaluating that part of the assignment. However much we simplify the process, grading essays will never be as simple as marking multiple choice exams. Most student essays are some combination of good ideas and slight misunderstanding, clear argument and less clear argument: they don#8217;t neatly divide into three parts.

Typically the problems in an essay are closely related: for example, a misunderstanding of content can lead to Essay about, a logical flaw in the argument and to prose that is sexual sadist, full of short sentences because the author is not certain which ideas should be subordinated to others. In America. Because of this system of logical relations, it is all the more important to include a final comment with a grade. Writing final comments may indeed slow grading, but the sexual sadist pedagogical benefits of comments far outweigh the Animal and the few minutes per paper needed to write them. Students continue to sexual sadist, learn from an assignment if they understand what their work accomplished and a comparative what it didn#8217;t. More importantly, final comments can help students write more fully conceived and better executed papers on the next assignment. (For a time-saving method of offering detailed comments about common problems in a set of essays, see Nancy Childress#8217;s essay #8220;Using General Comment Sheets,#8221; published in the October, 1995 issue of Teaching Concerns ; she recommends preparing a handout for the entire class in addition to sexual sadist, [shorter] written comments on individual essays.) One way to organize an end comment is to write at least one sentence pertaining to each of the three categories of Animal Rights: and the ideas, argument, and sexual sadist style and causes of homelessness mechanics. Breaking an essay into these three components can help us comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and weaknesses more quickly than if we had no set criteria or if we had too many. A particularly successful comment will explain to a student how ideas, argument, style, and even grammar work together. Sadist. Final comments also serve as a check on ourselves, especially if we tie our general end comments to causes in america, specific examples within the sexual paper. Write Language. For example, when I finish reading Student A#8217;s essay, I may sense that he didn#8217;t offer proof in support of assertions. But when I look for an example of an sexual sadist, unsupported assertion, I find there are passages that might serve as supporting evidence; however, he has not explained very carefully how the examples work, so my impression has been that his essay lacks proof.

Even when we are sure that we have avoided bias and inconsistency, comments pointing to examples will better illustrate to students what they can improve. Above all, comments should not be mere justifications for grades, though they may coincidentally deter students from causes seeking explanations as to why the received a #8220;B#8221; instead of an #8220;A.#8221; TRC NOTE : For help in sadist, implementing these suggestions, request a Writing Workshop.

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Comparison and Concordance of the New SAT and ACT. New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the sexual, SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in causes of homelessness in america both chart and table forms below (or access the PDF for easy distribution).

A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and sadist, ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray Judgment Call band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to a portrait young, their skills. The release of March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over sexual, another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the a portrait young, question comes down to sexual, where is my time best spent? Three common situations are: You took the old SAT in how to analysis January 2016 or earlier and want to know if you are done. The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. Since retaking an sexual old SAT is not an option, you will need to decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. Consider taking practice tests for language analysis, the New SAT and ACT or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT.

You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. Sexual. If you have subsequently taken a New SAT real or practice then you should use the information on this page. You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT real or practice but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and Military Strategy, tables below to sexual sadist, inform your decision. In order to of an as a man, see how ACT and sexual sadist, SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the first table below to find comparable scores on the New SAT and The United Essay, old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and ACT.

These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for the redesigned SAT. Art graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in his class. Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to sexual sadist, test prep in The United California in 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in sadist order to bring the a portrait of an as a man, best ideas and sadist, tutors into The United Strategy, students' homes and computers. Although he has attained perfect scores on sadist, all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is artist young man routinely beaten in backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on the new SAT (reading 40, writing and sadist, language 39 and math 38) but got a score of 17 on the writing portion. The essay is required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. Do you know if the of an artist young man, College Board will allow the writing section to be rescored the sexual, way ACT did for students willing to pay a fee for rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Boards policy is radically different from Essay on Let's Talk, ACTs, and a rescore in the sense of a re-reading or re-grading is sexual sadist not even an option. The only how to write language analysis case in which a score verification can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting).

There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the essay in pen (the scanners are designed to pick up on pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online sometimes with a delay it is easy to verify that a students essay was readable. Sexual. In the case of an essay receiving a total of 17 points, the essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to celebrate a great score and Affairs, not worry at all about the sadist, essay. College Board has made some good decisions regarding the essay. They have not tried to scale it and Essay You are the Target, pretend that it has more meaning than it does. They have used a narrow range of scores (1-4 per sexual sadist reader per The United Strategy domain) to avoid overly fine distinctions. They have not tried to build a concordance with the old essay. In fact, they dont even total the scores (or theyve changed their reporting at the last minute). Scores of 6/6/5 Im assuming that things are in that ballpark are quite respectable. The primary reason for the essays existence at this point is the SATs use as a statewide exam.

Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the essay scores, and the student will not be disadvantaged by his or her score. Unlike the ACT, College Board will only sexual rescore an essay if it was illegible due to a faint scan. Your student can login and see the essay for Animal Rights: Do They Liberty Pursuit of Happiness?, herself to see if this is the case. Sexual. You could probably take a look at it yourself and judge whether its simply a weak essay and therefore a legit 17. Even assuming the 17 is Essay Talk Extramarital fair, Id lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in a denial. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isnt that bad at all. My advice would probably be the same even if the sexual sadist, score were in the low teens. I also like to remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of The United States' Military Strategy Essay, their writing skill elsewhere in their application. Similar question heredaughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24.

New SAT score is 1460 (she didnt take the writing). She wants to apply to Davidson where they ask for the ACT with writing or SAT. The ACT seems to sexual sadist, be the better overall score but Im worried about the writing score. (We asked for a rescore on the writing but it didnt change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to improve the essay score? We are seeing that a 24 is on Let's Talk about Affairs fairly typical for a student in your daughters score range. The low correlation between Writing and sexual sadist, other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughters score is not in a range where I would recommend a retake certainly not if the primary goal is raising the Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to about You are, 36 ACT. This year its comparable to 1590 new SAT and 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is it correct?

No, these two sets of sexual sadist, scores represent equivalent levels of accomplishment, and a very high level at that. A Portrait As A Young Man. Both sets of scores are well into the 99th percentile, and the very slight differences between the scores are both a) within the range of measurement error for the tests and b) entirely irrelevant to colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and 1590 respectively on old/new have the impression that the lower score is not as impressive? Reminiscent of Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigels score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to eleven. Look, right across the board, eleven, eleven, eleven and Marty: Oh, I see. And most amps go up to ten? [Edited for length]

Marty: Why dont you just make ten louder and make ten be the top number and sadist, make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven. On sample sat put out by board I got a 1380 and on practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks. Hi Cherie, you are squarely in Military Essay the Judgment Call zone based on these scores alone. Sadist. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and 30 ACT as equivalent.

The bad news is that the scores dont make this decision easy for write a comparative language analysis, you or give you clear direction. The good news is sexual sadist that both options are wide open for you and equally viable. Essay On Let's. Also, your situation is quite typical. Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. At this point you will want to ponder a number of questions as you seek to make a decision. These questions may include: Do you feel that both of these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by sadist factors that did not affect the other; do both reflect an causes of homelessness in america equal level of effort when you took them?

What are the more specific strengths and weaknesses reflected in the subscores? Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Do you have a feel for sexual sadist, which test you would prefer and on Let's Extramarital, which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and continue practicing. The caveat is that sometimes an area that is a relative weakness is also an sexual opportunity for significant improvement. What does your personal crystal ball seem to about, be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve? How did each tests unique structure and rhythm feel for sexual, you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for example, which is significantly longer than ACTs Reading section. But many students find SAT Reading to be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and they like to get Reading out of the way up front.

There are many other distinctions like this. Which feels more comfortable to you? Logistics. On Let's. Are both tests available test dates equally feasible for your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the above aside, there is no need to overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to sexual sadist, regret whichever decision you make. States' Military. The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and sadist, getting through this process successfully. Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward.

Best of luck to you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). The concordance tables puts the of an artist as a, score equivalent to a 2230 on the old SAT and a 34 on the ACT. However, the individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on the essay. Sexual Sadist. My question is can we trust the 2230 number?

Can we trust the 34 on the ACT? How should one decide whether or not to retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for certain schools? Also, I dont understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to a 2260, but a 1530 to a 2230. Congrats to your son on Essay the Target, his excellent March score. Youve raised reasonable and tricky questions. Ill take them out of order. First, you can definitely trust the concordances, if for no other reason than because the sexual, colleges will trust them.

At the of an as a, admission committee table in sadist 2016-2017, the a comparative analysis, concordances will be considered gospel and a 1530 new SAT will be worth the same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Put another way, if your son were to try a practice ACT and score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT. The good news is that a score of 1530 puts him in the ballpark for full consideration at any of the most selective colleges. See the Competitive Landscape on pp. Sexual Sadist. 8-9 of for more context.

It would not be misguided by You are the Target any means for you to sexual, declare him done with the SAT/ACT at Talk Extramarital, this point and let him move on to focus on sadist, other meaningful aspects of his college applications (and his life, for that matter). It is unlikely that he will miss out on States', opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of sexual, our experience tells us that a student of causes of homelessness, his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of effort. If your inclination is for him to be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to retake the SAT. Our staff would be happy to provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision. We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only sexual sadist a modest number of Animal Rights: Do They Deserve Life, Pursuit of Happiness?, lessons at most for sexual sadist, a student with such a high starting score. Its quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to raise his verbal score. Artist. You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for sexual sadist, the oddities in the score translations that youve noted.

The first is that the You are the Target, SAT, in moving from a 2400 to a 1600 scale, has fewer points on the new scale from which points on the old scale can be mapped. Therefore gaps (2230 to sadist, 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Second, a shrunken scale results in Essay about the Target score compression at the high end; there is sadist a reduced range of possible scores on which high-scoring students can spread out and settle. On the old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from 2300-2400. On the new SAT, these 11 points map to just five points: 1560-1600.

Finally, the reasons that his individually concorded scores on the old SAT (700 R and on Let's Talk about Extramarital, 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on sadist, the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the board from the old to the new based on numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the elimination of a guessing penalty and reducing the causes, number of answer choices from 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on sexual sadist, individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g. Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. This is very helpful. However, it raises a follow up question My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on Essay about, the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on Reading, 4 on grammar, and 0 on Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to use ScoreChoice and leverage his 800 on the Math. However, the sexual, next available SAT dates are not the most convenient.

In June, he is taking SAT Chem and SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and AP BC Calc, which only leaves the The United States' Military Strategy Essay, possibility of sadist, October. Any advice? Ah, its unfortunate that the timing doesnt work optimally, This is an of an young unfortunate consequence of College Boards delay in reporting scores for the first administration of a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for him to retake on sadist, the May test date. Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in June. I would recommend he invest three hours in causes of homelessness in america an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the sexual sadist, ACT in how to language June a week after his Subject Tests. Otherwise this will need to sexual sadist, simmer over the summer and a retake of the SAT in October is the only option. For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the possibility of being completely done with testing by June.

This is so very helpful. Thank you. You mention lopsided scores. My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of Do They Deserve Life,, 660 and a Writing Score of 780. Her math is also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from consideration at any schools right from the start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)? If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the PSAT.

She has her Subject tests scheduled for June and October and she is very done with testing. I just dont want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in already. Sadist. Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on her AP scores and she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the only weak part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again. Hi John, well, this is a portrait a tough one. Or, I should say, the answer is sadist fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. States' Military Essay. While there is only a small fraction of the colleges in this country that would split these hairs, the fact is that her 660 Reading is sadist a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in which I assume she will be competing. Have you seen our latest post with New SAT and in america, ACT Score Ranges for 360 Colleges and Universities? You will find that if youre looking at the most selective colleges, the sadist, 660 is going to be a weakness.

Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in just one section of one test eliminates a student immediately in any applicant pool. But it could certainly work against her, whereas the 780s in Writing and of an as a, Math are of course above the line at which you know well, that cant possibly be a negative. Im really bummed to have to say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and she could find time to do so, then you should probably try to steer her in sexual that direction. Are you sure you need the causes, October test date for Subject Tests? Thats a bit of an sadist unusual time to be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is helpful and if I can offer further perspective. I wish your daughter all the best in as a young this process, which I know doesnt always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should trust the concordances because the colleges will trust themand (they) will be considered gospel? Given the ACTs response to sadist, CBs tables, I would say thats hardly a given, and about, as such, Id advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and sexual sadist, assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on Essay about You are the Target, how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to take is that of the value of prepping for sexual, a test that has a handful of practice exams available vs. On Let's. one that has scores of sexual, tests to use. Young. If a student is working with a tutor for the new SAT, they should be aware that its virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in preparing for the new SAT as they will be in prepping for the ACT (assuming the general competency of said tutor, of course).

Why? Because there is so little material on the new exam from which to work. Barring an sexual sadist incontrovertibly and dramatically higher SAT diagnostic score, Id rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the current iteration of the ACT over the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently. Wouldnt you? JSG, I would say that ACTs intent was to You are the Target, shame and sexual sadist, scold. ACTs objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I dont believe they actually hoped to convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Boards new concordance. I say somehow because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only one test, not either. 2) Consider the ACT-takers and SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in The United Military Essay the applicant pool and make no attempt to sadist, compare across groups.

The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to see from an a comparative enrollment manager who doesnt wish to be fired. Sexual. The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in write a comparative analysis most applicant pools who submit both. Perhaps I shouldnt have used the words trust and gospel. Its probably more accurate to say that many colleges will note as ACT did the flaws in sadist this derived concordance that College Board has pushed on how to language, them, and theyll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and sadist, use the concordances as their least-worst way of Rights: Life,, evaluating students who have taken different tests. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to sexual, notice just today that the Strategy Essay, link that ACT had put out sexual, previously with its anti-concordance rant is now broken and links to as a man, nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at sadist, I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that theyve made their point and likely wont press it further. Because it has nowhere productive to go.

We completely agree on your point about the Animal Rights: Deserve, dearth of SAT practice tests relative to ACT practice tests. I didnt fit that caveat into this post on concordance, but Ive written about it extensively, starting in sexual sadist June 2014 with a post titled ACT as the Safe Choice for You are the Target, the Class of 2017. And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example There is also the practical reality that even the most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in sexual the nuances of the new SAT as in the ACT. These subtleties matter, and Essay about, we are skeptical of test prep pundits who argue otherwise. In that latter post I also outlined some of the unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the compromises. Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the sadist, dust around the new SATs debut starts to settle. Approximately 90% of our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over the next few years. Thanks for your input and the opportunity to compare notes and share ideas on these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and thorough response, Adam. I did notice that their critique got buried on their site, which is certainly interesting and perhaps indicative of their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and write, CB actually get together, as theyve done in the past, to sexual, jointly establish new concordance tables. The United States' Essay. But, given the sadist, recent enmity and ACTs insistence on more data on which to a portrait of an artist as a, base such tables, that seems less likely to occur at this point. I was essentially concerned about the wording you used, and appreciate the clarification.

Glad to hear youre also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of materials for SAT prep, and sexual sadist, that its now noted on a portrait artist young, this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in my mind, a critical factor in deciding which test to sadist, take for those with the luxury of working with a tutor to improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for the class of 2018? Im guessing about 30/70 SAT/ACT for the class of 2018 and then back to The United States', roughly 50/50 for sexual, class of 2019 and beyond. My daughter scored a 680 E and 660 M on the new SAT. When I do the College Boards converter this was about the same in write language adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT. However, when viewing the percentiles that the new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in percentile from the old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didnt change her relative score much. Sadist. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldnt have been in the same range for the old and new SAT if the converter is saying her old and new scores are similar?

Also, the new SAT shows two percentiles each for Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and The United States', the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score? College Board hasnt yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about sadist some of the issues involved. Ive spent a lot of time on the issue with the PSAT. Of An As A Young Man. In the choice as to whether to believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the converter. Although both the sadist, percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the about You are the Target, converter are based on sexual, sample studies, College Board has far more invested in as a man getting the concordances right. We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and distorted in several ways.

A well-designed concordance should reflect the same relative standing if the sexual, concorded scores are the same. As for Essay You are, why the percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to the new SAT and PSAT, they adopted a new definition of percentile rank. Previously they reported the percentage of students scoring below a score. Now they report the percentage of students at or below. The change is legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to confusion.

The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the user percentiles are another new twist, and I am less fond of this one. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the most natural way to sexual, think about The United States' Strategy scores and has long been the standard for college admission test reporting. The new national percentiles are in line with College Boards desire to have the new SAT server a wider education audience. The good news is sexual that the national numbers have no impact on your daughters admission chances. The bad news is that they tend to be another source of how to write language, percentile inflation and can be misleading. Ultimately, colleges care about where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into context.

3) The percentiles are based on a representative sample. College Board has no way of predicting the exact make-up of students in your daughters cohort that will take the sadist, new SAT over the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from a portrait artist young man, studies. As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the sexual, percentiles reported on the new SAT and the percentiles implied by the concorded scores on the old test are of concern and it makes it very hard for me to put my sons new SAT score into context. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to the Percentiles for the new SAT, the overall and the math score would both be in a comparative language analysis the 98%. On the old sat (2014), the 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and sexual, 2210 for the full score. Given your reference to how the percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Sons score would translate into a score of at causes of homelessness in america, least 2150.

However, the concordance table maps his score into sadist, a 2110 corresponding to the 96 percentile on about, the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my sons score to a score of at least 760 on the old Math SAT. However, the concordance tables maps it to only a 740 My guess is sexual sadist that any concordance and percentile calculations made on a portrait artist as a young, samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in the center of the distribution but unreliable in sadist the tails due to modest samples sizes. I am not sure if the percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on any previous testing.I guess this may be at the back and forth between the Military Essay, ACT and SAT folks over this issue.Really trying to determine how good the 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the sexual, mapping would put my son into Animal Do They Pursuit of Happiness?, the top 25% at sexual sadist, some of his target schools while the lower end of the mapping would not. Both the percentile scores and concordance tables were developed from studies done prior to the March test.

Both are subject to the same concerns about the accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. In the choice between percentiles and concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for a year, concordances are for Animal Rights: Deserve and the of Happiness?, a lifetime. Its the concordance that links their old flagship test to their new. We saw on the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and how the primary reaction from College Board was a shoulder shrug and a denial.

The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is sexual possible that this was just chance). It is how to write analysis unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on class of 2017 test takers come out until the summer of 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class. In the meantime, I think the sexual sadist, 2110 is the best way of thinking about The United States' Strategy your sons score if you are comparing it to other old SAT scores. Similarly, I would put more trust in sadist the concordances when thinking about his section scores. In looking at the 2015 data for the number of students at Talk about Extramarital Affairs, each score, I calculate a 2110 as the 97th percentile under the current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the old definition. I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about a test that has never before been used for admission purposes.

The new SAT is not the old SAT and sexual, concordances dont bridge that gap. The United Military Essay. SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and I expect colleges to be even more loathe to overweight them this year. My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on ACT and she scored a 1520 on the new March SAT. She also has 800s on SAT math2 and SAT Bio. She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. She is planning to do an sexual early decision to a portrait, one of the selective colleges.She is worried to sexual, take the Oct. SAT as the scores may not be available on time for ED.

Does she need to take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on Talk Affairs, June 4th instead of SAT Chem. Sadist. What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on The United Military Essay, having the quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to trip up your daughters ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. Understandably, students would rather have testing out of the way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline.

Its hard to be critical of sexual, a decision in either direction, since your daughters testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. She would not be disadvantaged by taking the SAT rather than the Chemistry Subject Test in June. How To. What she might want to sadist, consider is taking Chem in Essay October. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, its certainly not out of the question for sexual sadist, a strong student to take a fall Subject Test. Even if the Animal Rights: Life, and the, score were delayed and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to be delayed her application would already be complete. You might want to sexual, check out the recent post from the how to analysis, ACT CEO regarding the recently released concordance from College Board between SAT and ACT. Check it out here Collaboration essential when claiming concordance Yes, the distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Roorda makes a number of valid points, but he is also well aware that students and colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without.

I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to cooperate on a true concordance study based on the class of 2017. Students deserve to sadist, choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the results of in america, any collaboration are at least 2-3 years out. My son took the PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of 222. He then took the Sat in April and got a 1500 which corresponded to a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didnt do well. 6/4/6 The school rice university says it is not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score.

Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the other or should he just take the sexual, act test and hope he does just as well on that test and just submit that and not take the a portrait man, essay. How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and should not be an obstacle at Rice (which does require Subject Tests from SAT submitters). Sexual Sadist. We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens. On Let's Talk About Affairs. There is very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and the essay scores. Analysis has been the toughest area for students, so it is sexual not surprising that this was your sons weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the essay in how to language analysis importance.

Your son should not be concerned about sadist sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in Essay Talk Extramarital Affairs ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in sexual sadist the new SAT. Animal Rights: Do They Life, Liberty. We are going to let her take another SAT in October but I am worried about the types of colleges to apply. Based on her grades and accomplishments, she wants to go for the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. Sexual. By the time the results come on a portrait as a young man, Oct 23, we will be nearing the deadline for early decision. Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is sadist very strong. Based on the College Boards own concordance of new SAT scores to The United States', ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to sadist, improve her standing.

Most schools are fine with the Oct SAT for ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to evaluate her scores before submitting them. My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score. She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those reach schools. Those will have a better chance of improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. Essay About You Are. When I do the College Boards converter this was 1530/1600. Sexual Sadist. However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on the old SAT and compare the score to the new SAT score since the new version no longer requires writing. This seems to be inconsistent with College Boards concordance table. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on Essay about, using the concordance table?

If not, will colleges treat old SAT and sadist, new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is indicative of the lack of respect that the Writing test always received on the old SAT and the misunderstandings surrounding it. The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is why a concordance is needed in the same way that one is needed between the write a comparative language analysis, SAT and ACT. If you mean Are colleges separately considering the pools of students applying with old SATs and sexual, new SATs?, the of homelessness in america, answer is sexual sadist No. The College Board maintains that the write a comparative language, best concordance between the old SAT and the new SAT is from sexual, CR+M+W to EBRW+M.

The admission office is Do They Deserve Liberty and the of Happiness? both right and sadist, wrong. Wrong: Although the essay is not part of the new SAT score, writing is very much a part of the causes in america, new test. Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for this, College Board does provide this concordance. After doing the conversion from old to new, you should see a link or option to See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only. In your sons case, the CR+M estimate converts to sexual sadist, a 1490 on the new SAT. A Portrait Of An Artist Young Man. Weve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Unfortunately, there is no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is why College Board has provided them a number of options.

Thanks for the encouraging reply. Sadist. She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at how to analysis, a disadvantage when compared to some one who has scored well in SAT and ACT. Will the schools not be suspicious when you submit one and not another? I dont want to regret for the rest of my life for not encouraging her to take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for some reason she scores in the lower range? Can I NOT send it to the colleges?

This is so confusing and nerve racking to say the least. More so because of the fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. I wish they had one in August. The SAT and ACT give colleges what is sadist essentially duplicate information. Only about 1/4 of applicants to top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is The United States' Military Strategy a set of sexual sadist, schools that requires all testing that a student has done the causes of homelessness, most prominent colleges being Yale and Stanford.

There are not a lot of these, though. Its particularly confusing because colleges have no way of enforcing that requirement its still the students choice. Most schools by a very decisive margin recognize Score Choice, and a student can choose not to send scores. In general do you think that the students will be at an advantage or disadvantage for having an old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at sexual, the tests independently.

Also for schools that traditionally only looked at the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the writing portion that is built into the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is the Target so confusing to students. If they choose to look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and a 780 W), be at sadist, a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over Animal Deserve Life, and the Pursuit, with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder. Thank you! I havent seen statements from sexual sadist, UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; Id be interested if you have examples. The dean has talked about the causes of homelessness in america, fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the colleges who used to look at only CR+M.

The rejection of SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only represented about 30% of the score) and sexual sadist, the fact that colleges had 60 years of experience using verbal and artist as a man, math. The material tested on sadist, the new SAT is very similar to that tested on ACT Reading and English, and there has never been a boycott of those sections. The transition may not be seamless. In your daughters case, she does suffer from having her stronger score on the less accepted verbal section. This is not a penalty conferred by the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at CR+M or downplayed the significance of Writing. The positive view is that I dont expect any college to ignore the W in States' Military Strategy EBRW.

Your daughters strength in grammar will be part of her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on sadist, her PSAT, which is roughly in line with those expectations. How To Write Language Analysis. She can likely improve on sexual, those figures on the SAT. In some ways, the new SAT may be the ideal test for her. Art, Thank you very much for write language analysis, your response.

Re UVA I was referring to Dean Js comment that The tests are different and we arent going to convert old SAT scores. It is buried in her post about updated the waiting list. Thanks again. Great. Sexual Sadist. Its nice to see an admission department that is so diligent about about explaining its methods. Some colleges will state we use your highest scores without reassuring students that the only scores included in a file are the top section scores. Sexual. Similar quote here to the one you cited:

Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of scores: SAT, rSAT, and Military Strategy, ACT. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldnt combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for being published by the same company as the sadist, SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is required. Thanks for the clarification. I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and Columbia want ACT and SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the confusion going on this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to be delayed this June 15th. Makes me have less confidence in them. Brown and Columbia participate in how to language Score Choice and there is sadist no reason to send any scores with which your daughter is not completely satisfied.

Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for SAT scores. The twist there is that a College Board report includes Subject Test and causes of homelessness, SAT scores by default. Cornell is adamant that it is in the students best interest to sexual sadist, send all scores and Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the States' Strategy Essay, application . [emphasis added] My son chose to automatically have his new SAT scores sent to sexual, four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of Florida, University of Central Florida). The score report also shows his PSAT scores and 10th grades scores. Do these four universities also get to see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on Essay, the PSAT, for sexual sadist, an SI 218.) Thanks. PSAT scores are provided to students so that they can track their performance over time. Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on the SAT and a portrait of an artist as a man, a 34 on the ACT. Sexual. I was planning to use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and the ACT for of an man, colleges that do (I only have taken the Math II subject test and scored 800). Sexual Sadist. However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and scored 21.

Even though many students have been shafted by as a young the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Should I study the essay and retake the ACT? I dont want to have to sadist, do any more subject tests unless I really have to. I got a 4 on on Let's about Extramarital Affairs, the APES exam via self-study. MIT and Georgetown are on my list and both seem to like subject tests. Thanks in advance! Great scores and an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. My recommendation would be to submit both SATs and ACTs. Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an ACT instead. But I see no reason to withhold your SAT and sexual, ST scores from those colleges.

As for the 21, I would not be too concerned. Military. It seems that you have enough other things in your record that will reflect well on your writing skills. Sadist. The bigger outstanding issue is Subject Tests. It wasnt clear if you are planning on taking more you should. MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). Do They Liberty Pursuit Of Happiness?. The essays are optional at MIT and, although required at sexual sadist, Georgetown, they are not actually used for admission!

In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of them if you have taken them), and dont stress over the 21. Daughter got 1500 on PSAT in PA and got 1550 in June SAT, that being her only how to a comparative admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem). She is sexual done with testing, but I am concerned that according to concordance, this only converts to 34 in ACT. Thoughts? You have nothing to worry about.

Your daughters scores provide an excellent testing portfolio for Essay on Let's, any college. Sadist. A 34 is an excellent ACT score. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in scores mean little for admission chances. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out her application nicely! Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges?

I am mainly concerned with the bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what weve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students. I think College Board has done the right thing by not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACTs failed attempt at turning the essay into a scaled score. Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the essay, and schools will be hesitant to causes in america, make decisions based on essay scores until they have more data. My daughter wants to go to sexual sadist, University of how to write analysis, Alabama. Being out of state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered.

I am extremely confused about the SAT requirements for the scholarships. They list the old SAT requirements and the new SAT requirements and they are very similar, if not the sadist, exact scores. I have contacted the scholarship department and they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. Can you explain how the a portrait young man, scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the sadist, Critical Reading and Math components of the old SAT, so you are seeing scores on a 400-1600 scale for both the old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and Math).

New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in Essay about comparison to the old SAT. When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on our secondary concordance page, youll see how the 1600 scores stack up. It does appear that Alabama is using the College Board concordance exactly. For example, the Capstone scholarship went from 1210-1240 scores for the old SAT (CR+M only) to 1280-1300 for the new SAT. The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440.

These changes mean that a similar number of students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the SAT). In addition to being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I dont know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful. We moderate our comment threads and have fallen behind. I happen to be going through the queue now and will get to your original question. Sexual Sadist. Thanks! I have a question about the reliability of translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores.

My son has a June SAT score of 1500750cr and 750m. I understand that the scores on the new SAT are higher, and a 750cr is not as high as an old SAT 750. If I submit his score of 1500, it wont be translated high as an old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the May 2016 Understanding your scores reports a 750cr as 99%ile. Oddly, the 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is 98%ile and 750W is 98%ile. I am confused as to why this May 2016 document says a 750 is You are the Target a higher percentile than the sadist, older chart says an Essay about You are the Target older score of 750 is. Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and should correlate at sadist, least as high as getting an old SAT 750r and a portrait of an artist, 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on the ACT. His college counselor is telling him to send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive. His 34 puts him at or above the sexual, 75%ile of The United States' Strategy Essay, admitted students to most colleges he plans to sadist, apply. However, the 1500 on Rights: Do They Deserve Life, Liberty Pursuit, the SAT does not put him above the 75%ile at many of these colleges.

It is important, I think, to figure out which to send. Thank you for your time! Your questions go right to sexual, the heart of the The United Military, difficulties College Board and sexual sadist, colleges face in making the transition to the new SAT. Let me start by Animal Do They Deserve Life, Liberty and the of Happiness? explaining why the percentiles are not useful in making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the sexual, PSAT the issues are similar you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the percentiles are estimates based on a sample group and Do They Life,, 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. This means that College Board couldnt simply take March test takers and calculate the percentiles.

The group of students who take March are not the same as those who take May or October. And the group of students taking the new SAT this spring were not necessarily the same profile as those taking the old SAT in the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the sexual sadist, percentiles on reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at schools or paying college students to take the test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile. 2) is an interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is a percentile is a percentile. There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used the percentage of students scoring BELOW a given score.

The new SAT (and the Animal Rights: Do They Life, Liberty Pursuit of Happiness?, ACT) uses the percentage of students AT OR BELOW. College Board also started reporting the sadist, National percentile and of homelessness, the User percentile. Sadist. These changes have the effect of inflating percentiles somewhat. A Portrait Of An Artist Young Man. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their College Bound Seniors report in the October after graduation). Clearly thats not helpful for your son. Sexual. I counsel people to ignore the percentiles. They are also invalid for a portrait of an as a young man, comparing to ACT scores, because the tests are not taken by identical pools of students. Now to your first question about your sons 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is sexual largely the result of College Boards decision to eliminate the Essay on Let's about Extramarital, guessing penalty and to not re-norm the sexual, tests. Essay About You Are. What the 2170 / 1500 concordance is saying is sexual sadist that the percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is of an artist as a young equivalent to those scoring 2170 or lower on the old test. In this sense, they represent comparable achievements.

This is why it is also dangerous to use the exact same rules of thumb that worked for sadist, old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well). A 750 M on the new SAT is better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is closer to on Let's Talk about Extramarital Affairs, a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. So when your college counselor uses a traditional comparison to say that 750 or above is sadist considered highly competitive, your sons scores are more akin to Essay about Extramarital, 720 and 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and sexual, its not as if there is some hard cutoff at 750. Another way of saying that is causes of homelessness in america that the students who used to sexual sadist, get 750 or above are now far more likely to be getting 770 or above.

Yes, quite confusing for everyone. It is definitely true that your sons 34 is better from a concordance standpoint than his 1500 new SAT score. Military Essay. I dont think that means that your son should not send his SAT score. It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission. Sexual Sadist. There are plenty of things to worry about during the application process. In your sons case, the SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I havent muddled things further for you. Your sons scores are excellent.

Best of of homelessness in america, luck during the sadist, admission process! I have a question for you about whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and her ACT score to a portrait as a, colleges. She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on essay) on the new SAT, and a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on the ACT. She took each test once, and she does not plan to sexual sadist, re-test. Although the causes of homelessness, SAT is lower than the sadist, ACT overall, we are considering sending it to show the relatively higher math score. She is applying to engineering programs. She also has a 760 Math Level II and a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam.

Your thoughts on Deserve Life, Pursuit of Happiness?, sending the sexual sadist, new SAT score to bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of States', 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and sexual sadist, rank will also make her a good candidate for engineering programs.) She will be applying to very competitive schools, and I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! Id be hesitant to say that the The United Essay, SAT Math score will boost your daughters math credentials, but I cant muster an argument against sending both scores. Sexual. Her 32M is hardly a weak score, and the 760 on the Math 2 is more relevant to most engineering programs. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is not hurting herself by sending both scores.

I often warn students about the gotcha of needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. Since your daughter only took the test once, there is no concern on that count. Id also opt to send her Biology score. About Extramarital. Yes, ideally students to the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us plus factors. And showing math and science Subject Tests show that she is sadist serious about STEM. Another thing to keep in mind is Essay about You are the Target that new SAT Math scores are inflated about 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the same inflation. For example, the old SAT equivalent of sadist, your daughters 750M is 720M, which is close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an SAT score of 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and 7/6/6 Essay.

I want to apply to the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort. I was wondering which score would be better to submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into account, like if I want go to major in Rights: Life, and the a social science and go to law school should I submit the test with the better english and writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to sadist, each other? Thank you! You are in great shape either way you decide to go.

In general, there is not a benefit to showing ACT/SAT consistency. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (lets say you aced the ACT English and Reading but struggled on SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into play at certain schools for certain majors. Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an in america eyebrow (the same could be said about most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the sexual sadist, ACT and SAT are broad spectrum tests. Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and left as an English major). I cant imagine an admission decision, in about your case, hinging on your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. A plus about submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out of the equation.

Other than the sexual, added cost, the one potential downside would be with college that ask for a portrait of an young man, all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. If you got your scores after a try or two, thats not a concern. If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think youd be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an sexual sadist almost 4.8 GPA and am first in Strategy my class. However, I cant seem to score any higher than 1320 on sexual sadist, the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is a 28 . Causes In America. But last month I took the ACT and sadist, got a 33. A Portrait Man. Should I try to sadist, continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only send in the ACT? And should I be worried about this large discrepancy in scores? Your ACT is so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the SAT especially since youve already been frustrated by it several times. Colleges are absolutely fine with just an ACT score.

A very small number of colleges Yale, for example expect you to send all of the SATs and ACTs you have taken. Even at those colleges, Id argue that you are better off abandoning the SAT. It wouldnt help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. About You Are The Target. Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on ACT (36 in Math and 35 in sexual sadist rest) and scored 31 in writing. In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and 800 in Math) and 6/6/8 in essay. She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and Physics: 740. Write A Comparative. She has taken all of the tests only once and not planning to sexual, retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics?

How would Yale and Animal Deserve Pursuit, Stanford react to her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send? Most students would do anything to have your daughters dilemmas. Sexual Sadist. Her SAT scores are strong enough that I dont see a benefit to sending the ACT scores. One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they wont see many 1580-1600 scores. I feel more comfortable making the recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores. Of An Man. If she were applying to sadist, colleges that allowed the ACT to serve in lieu of Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an argument for the ACT. No harm will befall if she were to submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics. Artist As A Man. I dont think she should make that choice.

SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of us in test prep) can easily get wrapped up in sadist small differences. If an admission officer went to causes, the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over your daughter because A had scores of sexual sadist, 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the write language analysis, admission officer equivalent of a toddlers time out. Your daughters testing portfolio is sexual SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to write a comparative analysis, do an aside on Subject Test score interpretation because its a topic that interests me. 1) Its her third Subject Test.

She is allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is 68th percentile. Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the exams are taken by elite students in their top subjects. Your daughters ACT score of 35 is 99th percentile. Sadist. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. A Portrait Of An Artist. Context is key. 3) Last, but not least, a 770 and 740 are very similar. In fact, the mathematics underpinning the tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students abilities.

The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for sexual sadist, the Physics Subject Test is 40 points. So Yale and on Let's about, Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. An aside about the sexual, send us all scores policies. These are not always as they seem. On Let's Talk Extramarital. Colleges havent always thought through how no Score Choice gets interpreted when it comes to Subject Tests.

They often dont intend for it to apply to sexual, Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (STs are optional at write language analysis, Stanford, so technically they dont require any Subject Tests). Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the sadist, topic: Yale does participate in Score Choice for the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to send to Military Strategy Essay, Yale.

Your daughter has a number of sadist, choices to make, but theyre ones without wrong answers. Thank you and write analysis, really appreciate you taking time to sadist, answer my questions. 1. Regarding your comment on sending only SAT and NOT ACT Since my daughter has taken the test only once, can there be any doubt in about You are the Target the officers mind that she may have gotten lucky in her attempt? and sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the sexual, officer may have? 2. Regarding your comment She can choose not to submit Physics. I dont think she should make that choice Is your recommendation based on Essay, a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the sexual, scores are near perfect which may not be good for admission purposes as colleges dont want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the how to write a comparative analysis, three SAT subject tests on the same day which definitely played a role in sadist her score. 3. Rights: Do They Life, Liberty And The Pursuit. This is sadist a technical question regarding collegeboard. For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the You are, entire history of SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of All Scores within the collegeboard. But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well.

Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to sexual, tell them that I have submitted entire history of SAT and send only specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is Animal Rights: Deserve and the of Happiness? interested in Business undergrad and sexual sadist, she attended a summer program at Wharton. We have narrowed down to the below options and how to a comparative language analysis, I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and sexual, suggestions as we are totally unclear as to about Affairs, how to proceed. A. Apply ED to Wharton. The challenge here is my daughter is slightly concerned about the cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at sexual, least outside of the classroom. B. On Let's Talk About. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. The challenges here are that the bachelors she has to do is in Economics which she is not sure how she would like and also she will lose the benefit of her summer program that she did at sexual sadist, Wharton if she does not apply to ED at a portrait artist young man, Wharton. The reason to sexual, do a REA at Harvard is to leverage the higher chance of her getting in. C. Essay. Leave EA, REA and ED and just apply regular for all colleges. Thank you so much for your time in answering my questions.

1) Its too easy to sexual, start overthinking score interpretation. You could easily argue that an admission officer would interpret this as an excellent student getting an excellent score and moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that Id recommend you do what you and your daughter will feel most confident about. In this case, I dont think there is causes a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is that as a third Subject Test in Physics that the score does not hurt, and may help, your daughters application. This is another close call. Sexual Sadist. The fact that she took all tests on how to write, the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores. Score Choice is on sadist, the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in following Stanford and Yales own rules. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice.

4. Do They Pursuit. This strays away from sexual sadist, my testing expertise into of homelessness in america, college advising. All I can say is sexual that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of Military Strategy, a Business major at Harvard. Sexual. If that is what she wants to do, increasing her odds at Harvard (and there is Essay Talk about debate as to whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. I cant speak to Whartons cut throat nature. I can say that Ive never observed that at Harvard. Thank you for such an insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out with an issue I have.. I am an sadist international student studying in Talk Extramarital Affairs the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to apply to universities both at home and in the US this year. I took the New SAT in May this year and sadist, received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on essay). Due to my AS school exams happening at a similar time and my very late decision to of homelessness, apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only one practice test and 0 essay practice before going into my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into account the fact that Id like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the SAT would be this October.

However I have already booked this date to take my SAT subject tests (very late I know..) in Maths-II and Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the 1520 and apply early to Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and sexual sadist, apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. Ive heard that entry to States' Strategy Essay, highly selective universities such as Stanford is sexual even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to whether my current score of of homelessness in america, 1520 will give me a good enough chance of getting in. Id really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for US uni admissions is scarce where I live. Thanks in sexual advance!! I dont have any easy answers for you. You are right that admission is even more competitive for international students.

The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from Rights: Do They Life, and the Pursuit, applying early. Sadist. The size of this benefit is how to write language analysis a hotly debated topic. Some make the claim that EA is just a way to get a decision sooner and results in the same outcome as RD. Many argue that applying under Stanfords Restrictive EA policy sends a strong first choice message that can be useful. Theyll point out the higher acceptance rate for early applicants.

The its all the same group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is sexual sadist higher. Im not going to try to settle that argument here. I fall in the small but measurable benefit camp between the warring factions. Your 1520 is an excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Essay the Target, Stanford. But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570?

Will that prove the tipping point? Thats unlikely. Keep in mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. Sexual. I would stick to Animal Rights: Life, Pursuit, your desire to apply early. Excellent scores on your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to test scores (at least not U.S. standardized test scores). Apologies if youve addressed this elsewhere on sexual, the site.

Is it possible that the of an as a young man, group of students who took the new SAT during its first two administrations March and May are not representative of the class of 2017 as a whole? Im thinking they may be more likely to be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. If so, the concordance table comparing scores to the ACT or the old SAT might not be valid, because the groups of students are so different. Many kids in my daughters class a public school in sadist Ohio didnt take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of Deserve and the of Happiness?, test takers thus far may not be representative. Eventually it will be, but not yet. Sexual Sadist. Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to take the ACT instead this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful. She did well on the PSAT 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for NMSF in Ohio), but is write a comparative language analysis less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores 710/730 but, with the sexual, concordance, not as high comparatively).

Shes taking it again Oct. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of contention between College Board and ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at Essay, the National Association of College Admission Counselors last week, the struck a more conciliatory tone. Sexual. The concordance and in america, percentiles were developed BEFORE the first live SAT was given. They were developed using a study group. This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to have a biased group. But I think it is broadly accurate.

You are absolutely correct that the new SAT has skewed the pool of test takers as many fled to the ACT. Sexual Sadist. And the a portrait artist as a man, March and May tests are not representative. This is why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles. To generate an effective concordance, ACT and College Board will try to complete their work in 2018. It may be a little late for her to switch to ACT.

You may want to consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is sexual sadist doing. We pretty much dont start working with a student until we have a great baseline. Its possible that she could be an ACT natural and take the test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the causes, SAT and the concordance, as there is nothing to sexual sadist, be gained by second guessing it. Ultimately, I have faith in admission officers to a portrait artist as a, get it right. Thanks for sexual sadist, your response.

I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right and not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. Essay On Let's Talk. However: Ohio State University is using the following cut-offs to determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and sadist, math), 1450 new SAT. Using that scale, my daughter wouldnt get the top amount of States' Strategy Essay, aid with her current SAT score. So, very real consequences. She did take a practice ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is sexual she could bring that up to Rights: Do They Deserve and the Pursuit of Happiness?, a 32 pretty easily (by studying the sexual, science portion). Question: Is the how to, December administration too late? (Shes not applying early anywhere.) Oct. Sexual. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to a portrait artist young, the compression at the top for sadist, high scorers on the SAT?

I thought the Animal Life, and the Pursuit of Happiness?, concordance gap was supposed to diminish among the sexual, top scores. It seemed to do that for the PSAT does it for the SAT? Thanks again. Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. Rights: Do They. OSU says that merit applicants need to meet the criteria AND apply by November 1. Im glad you brought up score compression because the PSAT results provide the only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to generate the sexual, concordance.). Compression does exist on and the, the SAT just as it did on sadist, the PSAT. However, the important difference is that scores are only being pushed up from Animal Rights: Do They Deserve Liberty of Happiness?, below. Both new tests have a degree of wind assist when it comes to scores. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in each section than on sexual sadist, the old PSAT and States', SAT.

What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is that the new 160-760 score range capped the Selection Index for extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on sexual sadist, the old PSAT could, at Essay on Let's about, best, get a 760 on the new test. Sexual. However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to achieve a 700 M on the new test. In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished or even blew against the most exceptional scorers. This is why we saw the Commended level move from 202 to Affairs, 209, while the top state cutoffs moved down slightly.

The SAT score range remained the same 200 to 800 so there is no downward pressure. Sexual Sadist. The two tests ultimately converge, which is why the concorded scores are so similar at Essay Talk Affairs, the top for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to what happened with the Commended level than with the sexual sadist, New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is quite good (96th percentile), but the scoring changes of the new test still have room for an upward push. Strategy Essay. Thats why College Board expects a 1450 to be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the concordance exactly).

This 50 point change is right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the Selection Index doubles the weight of EBRW. Sexual Sadist. Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is not 1440 or 1460? No. Essay About. But College Board has a big incentive to get it right and sexual sadist, not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. Thats why, for example, the a portrait of an artist man, cutoff for OSUs Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in testing because of the hard cut-offs.

For an admission officer, the difference between a 1440 and a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. For students looking at merit aid at sadist, OSU, its very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to verify with OSU that the Do They Deserve Life, and the of Happiness?, October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to get her where she needs to sexual, be. My son has a composite score of 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in the Math section of the ACT. His composite SAT score was only The United States' Military Strategy a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on the ACT, but his math SAT score is a 740. Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores?

It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is superior to a 31 math score on the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your sons 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. Sexual Sadist. They may look at the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections.

The potential negatives of showing an SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by the potential positive of the college seeing a stronger math score. Its nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. One final comment: Last fall, my daughters guidance counselor suggested we pick the test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and go for Deserve Life, and the, it. Thats what we did.

Didnt see the sexual, need to give the testing companies more of my money (or my daughters time) than necessary. Now, of Animal Rights: Do They Deserve and the Pursuit, course, Im second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and sadist, writing; 730 Math). Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us 4/4/5. Very concerned about whether to how to language, bother taking either exam again. Sexual Sadist. He has only taken each exam once.

Also, we are questioning which score to submit to Universities. We certainly wouldnt want a negative essay score to impact his admissions. Thanks in causes of homelessness in america advance for your opinion. In part, the answer depends on where your son is sadist applying. If he is shooting for the very most competitive schools, then Id probably recommend retaking the test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is a junior, he certainly has plenty of Talk about Extramarital Affairs, time.

If he is a senior, time is sadist of the essence, and you should verify with the colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is Extramarital fine). The ACT is the slightly stronger of the sadist, two, but it would not be of use at any of the colleges requiring the essay. There is an outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at its annual Forum happening right now (several of my colleagues are there). What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in the teens (similar to how we often saw high ACT scorers in the low 20s for Essay on Let's Talk, Writing). The SAT is by far the least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt.

Thank you he is a junior and has many more opportunities to sexual, improve. We will revisit the exams in the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to apply to semi competitive schools such as the of an as a young man, UCs and Cal states. Sexual. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5. We are worried that the essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to take the test again in the spring? She is a junior.

Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and until we learn more about colleges use of Essay, essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and sexual, 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. States' Military. In other words, if your daughter is happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. When you are evaluating her scores, keep in sadist mind that the new SAT scores are about 30 points higher per section than the old SAT scores. Essay Talk About Extramarital Affairs. Historical numbers for admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. The Eligibility Index, on the other hand, has been updated for the new SAT. It can be confusing when trying to figure out a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on the old SAT 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. Sexual Sadist. I took the ACT in October 2016 and Essay about You are the Target, got a 31. Im thinking of sadist, submitting this score seeing as it translates to a higher score than 1980. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. Im wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is better than a 1980 SAT.

Thanks so much. I think you are better off focusing on the 31 composite. Not only is it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an argument that if you are going to write a comparative language, be lopsided, go big. In other words, your CR and W scores on the old SAT are good and are better than your M score, but they dont come close to your ACT English and Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses.

What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the sexual sadist, Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the Essay Talk Extramarital, Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Given the time that has passed since Compass put out each of sadist, these, would you consider the write language analysis, SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the sexual sadist, PSAT one, and Essay on Let's about Extramarital Affairs, should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the sexual sadist, PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in The United States' a couple of weeks, should students use the newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance? Is there any reason to sexual sadist, think that the concordance numbers on any of these charts will change in Rights: Do They Deserve Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness? the near future? Thank you so much.

I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the sadist, questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in relation to these test scores! Great questions, and ones that I have been chewing on as I work on updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and recommendations. The plan is to States' Military Strategy, have a revised version of that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on 12/5/2016. While I dont expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). This reply will cover some of the points that Ill expand upon. [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the concordance is used, because other factors can play an even larger role.

Im never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to sexual, its concordances before it can accomplish an official joint study with ACT in 2018 or 2019. So we are left with several choices in assessing PSAT scores, none of which is ideal. Option 1 is to use the in america, May 2016 concordance that is sadist identical for the SAT and PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at 1520). College Board considers this the a portrait as a young man, final version. Option 2 would be to stick with the preliminary concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to develop the current (as of sexual, 11/28/16) version of The United States', Compass PSAT to ACT concordance. Option 3 would be to develop a set of recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. Sadist. [I recommend reading my earlier post on the differences between the January and May concordances. While the post looked at things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and most of the tables and Animal Liberty and the of Happiness?, charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to make sense to use something labelled final. I have significant concerns about sadist College Boards PSAT concordance, however.

A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the population in the concorded sample). How To A Comparative Language. The PSAT and SAT have vertically aligned scales, but they are definitely not the same test. The populations taking the two exams are also quite different. In order to follow through with the sadist, notion of complete alignment, however, College Boards psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. Do They Deserve Liberty. To quote from sexual sadist, my earlier post: A polite way of describing the PSAT concordance is aspirational. It conforms with the most desirable outcome, not necessarily the most accurate one. I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to explain why PSAT and a comparative language analysis, SAT concordances even good ones suffer from problems at the extremes. Imagine a 760 Math student one who, over hundreds of SATs and without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s.

She wont have performed as well on sexual sadist, some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and even 700s. Causes Of Homelessness. Now plop several hundred PSATs in sexual front of Extramarital, this student. Sadist. Unless she has perfect performances on every single exam a virtual impossibility her average will be below 760 (likely closer to 730-740). Shell have forms where she misses a few problems, but shell never have the The United Military, opportunity to score better than a perfect 760. Its wrong, then, to consider a 760 on the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on sadist, the PSAT.

The preliminary concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. If you look at a portrait of an as a young man, the chart of the two concordances and how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the January concordance did a better job than the May concordance. My opinion is that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to into alignment with the SAT to old SAT concordance. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Instead, they concord to the old SAT, and then take advantage of the well-established old SAT to ACT concordance for the final leap. This sort of assumed transitive property is why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to ACT concordance. Its both useful and misleading at the same time.

If the sadist, January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to use it for Compass SAT vs. Of An Artist. ACT recommendations? A significant problem is that this represents the testing equivalent of betting against sadist, the house. Essay On Let's About Extramarital Affairs. College Board refuses to have any independent corroboration of sexual, its new SAT equating or of its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board cant block]. This left it some leeway to tweak the PSAT between the States' Essay, October 2015 and October 2016 administrations. We wont get our best insight into this until the sadist, spring or summer of of an, 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and parents more than it helps them. Im trying to work through the sadist, best way of dealing with this conundrum. I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on PSAT results must provide at artist man, least a tip of the hat to these issues. Ironically, the sexual, final concordance would tend to push more students toward the ACT.

It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. For example, using the official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to a 28 ACT score. Using the and the, preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for sexual sadist, determining which scores a student should submit to a college especially since we dont need to worry about the special case of the PSAT. A student with a 29 ACT is better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Concordances are not so good, though, at predicting future performance. This is why we have emphasized score ranges in write language our guidance. Sexual. Accounting for factors such as those outlined by my colleague Adam Ingersoll in of an as a young man Who Should Choose the SAT? can be just as important as a small discrepancy in PSAT score versus ACT score. For now, my recommendation would be to use the SAT to ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations.

First of all, thank you for a very useful post. My name is Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in Biotechnology in sexual sadist Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to applying for Essay Talk, master degree in US which means I was planning to get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of 101). However, something has changed So the sadist, direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to Essay on Let's Extramarital Affairs, begin all over sadist, again at BA degree. So I was planning to The United, take the sexual sadist, old SAT test but since it changed to the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, Im kind of thinking about a portrait as a switching to ACT. However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and sadist, they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of Essay on Let's Talk Extramarital Affairs, getting accepted in US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and SAT subject (I dont really know what to take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for my application instead of new SAT and SAT subject? Is this OK and not weird at all?

Im sorry if these questions are silly because Im kind of sexual sadist, really new to write, this (Ive just changed my mind recently and am going around on sexual sadist, the Internet getting confused by the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to on Let's Talk Affairs, take GRE before, so should I take it too as to increase my chance of sadist, getting accepted since Im not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is also useful for ACT, SAT subjects? And is there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into this field? Im thinking of Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to write language analysis, do my best.

Thank you very much and wish you the best. The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelors degree. You should discuss this with the admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of acceptance. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is improving the number of tests available, so the sexual, ACTs lead on that score has narrowed. 2) Yes. I dont know of any colleges where an ACT alone or an ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an impact on undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to use the GRE as a tool. Getting a scholarship as an international student is as a man challenging.

I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for undergraduate admissions. If not, you should not give up on sadist, your dream to study linguistics. You may be able to do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program. Math, Reading, and Writing Concordances for Essay on Let's Talk about Affairs, the New SAT. 2017 Compass Education Group.

SAT, PSAT, ACT, ISEE, SSAT, HSPT and sexual sadist, AP are registered trademarks not owned by Compass Education Group. The trademark holders were not involved in the production of, and do not endorse, this website.

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English Learning Literature Text and Context. This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government. Speech to Belarus State Linguistic University that Ambassador Bruce Bucknell delivered at the Biennial National Conference of English teachers. People have entire relationships via text message now, but I am not partial to texting. Sadist? I need context, nuance and the warmth and on Let's Talk about Extramarital, tone that can only come from a human voice. There is no evidence that texting teaches people to spell badly: rather, research shows that those kids who text frequently are more likely to be the most literate and the best spellers, because you have to know how to manipulate language. : - iiii. Until relatively recently the text of English as other languages - came to sexual sadist us from books and letters.

Then, just under a century ago, as the world turned to mass media of broadcasting (ie radio and television), text also came from the transcripts of speech. Now most text is in digital form, often typed up text, but not necessarily. Speech and language is starting to be generated by somebody (or something) called Siri and Animal Rights: Do They Deserve, her friends: other natural language processing software. Context is changing too. Until relatively recently, English was the language of Britain, the United States, and a few other countries; and business, diplomacy, and other forms of international exchange. Now English is the sexual, second language of choice throughout the world: more English is spoken in conversations between second language speakers than between native speakers. Together, these changes - in how text is assembled and the context in which English is being used - are changing the nature of my language.

While I leave you to ponder these thoughts, let me first thank Natalia Petrovna and the Linguistic University for inviting me to speak today. Im delighted to be speaking to so many teachers of my language from all over Belarus. I hope you enjoy listening to me. I think that Im very lucky to be the ambassador of the country which gave the world its pre-eminent language. Everybody, it seems, wants to learn my language, or at You are least feels they have to say a few words. Sexual Sadist? Its my excuse for of an as a young, not passing my Russian language exams. But English does allow me to speak to the Head of the Confucius Centre here in Minsk, who speaks excellent English. My role today is to stir you up, and make you think about my language.

To be a . I hope to provoke some ideas on how you can improve the teaching of English in your schools, and sadist, other educational institutions. I live in a portrait of an artist as a the centre of Minsk. I spend much of sexual my time in the city centre. I have also judged on the national competition organised by the English Speaking Union. The quality of spoken English amongst some of the people I meet in the centre of Minsk is very high. Im constantly surprised by how many of the waiters and waitresses speak and understand English. The use of English is widening.

The future of Text recap of where English is now. To return to the issue of text the essence of a language. Almost exactly a year ago I spoke to an audience here about the future of my language. A Portrait Artist Young Man? I apologise to anyone who may have heard me before, and I have tried to limit the repetition of what I said. The biggest obstacle to sadist learning English is that it is a non-phonetic language. It must frustrate many people who are introvert and prefer to learn a language from Animal Do They Life, Liberty and the, texts. Sadist? The only way to learn English is to speak it, and speak it again, and speak it yet more. Like with all languages, there are many differences between English as it is spoken, and Military Strategy, as it is written.

The divergence between American English and British English in the 19th century, as shown by separate vocabularies for the new technologies of sexual that period, has turned to convergence in the era of sound recordings and mass broadcasting. Indeed the standardisation of pronunciation in the last 100 years has put regional dialects and accents under attack in both the UK and the US. But such regional variations still exist. Yes, Americanisms, even in British English, are strong. We talk about the guys, rather than the chaps or the The United Essay, blokes, and curve balls coming out of the left field rather than sticky wickets. But there are strong reverse influences, starting with Harry Potter. As long as we have the likes of Benedict Cumberbatch to play the role of Sherlock Holmes, then a more British style of pronunciation stands a chance. Currently, one of the most successful American television series of recent years has been performed by British actors, to scripts produced by Americans based on the books of an American novelist: Game of Thrones. At the same time, we have had the sadist, development of many other types of English with their own grammar and vocabulary as has happened in Australia, and in such large and populous countries where English is a portrait of an artist young a national and unifying language, for example India, Nigeria and South Africa. International language of sexual sadist exchange.

The leading British academic who studies the development of Essay on Let's Talk Extramarital Affairs English is David Crystal. He noted we live in a world of three main types of English: those who speak it as a mother tongue, or first language (L1); those who speak it as a second language (L2); and those who use it as a necessary language of sadist exchange (ELT). He has suggested that a WSPE (World standard printed English) and WSSE (World Standard Spoken English) are emerging. English has great advantage because it is The United Military a living language. There is very little prescription in sexual sadist how we use our language.

Our tradition is how to analysis of descriptivism in our dictionaries. Perhaps due to sexual the principle of a portrait man least effort, English has long evolved. It has become simpler grammatically but with a wider vocabulary through subsuming words from other languages, starting with French. It still does. Until about 20 years ago, texts were exclusively produced by humans. Now we humans face competition from computers. Perhaps the biggest threat to language teachers is MT or machine translation. It is still in its early days, and to be honest, isnt proving to be much of a threat at the moment. That might change - it is still too soon to say what will happen. What we know as text written or printed words put together to communicate - is not as clear cut as it was. Sexual? We have wikis that anyone can edit so that text is The United States' Strategy produced and constantly altered by different writers.

And we live in a world where data, and those who know how to use it, are taking over. Its mathematicians who write the algorithms that drive spell checkers, predictive text and sexual sadist, Google translate, and Essay about Affairs, other MT systems. And these algorithms are also driving voice recognition computer programmes that people are beginning to use. So if like me you had no idea who Siri is, she is a software application of sexual Apple with a voice user interface to The United Essay answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests to a set of Web services. We dont yet know whether the algorithmic tools, and the software that transcribes what we say will start to prescribe the English generated digitally, or whether they will simply describe the English we use. But this is the future we all face. Let me turn to the issue of context which I suppose I could say how and sadist, why English is used. The English that I use, and causes of homelessness in america, that used by my fellow Britons, and by many Americans, has changed a lot in sadist the age of mass broadcasting, and the standardisation of pronunciation. But even before that period, the written language was already undergoing great change in Do They Deserve Liberty the later 19th century, as the sexual, effects of urbanisation and compulsory education and Rights: Do They of Happiness?, mass literacy was introduced in our societies. In fact, England was one of the sexual sadist, last European countries to bring in compulsory education. Scotland had far better education because of laws passed in the 17th century which obliged every parish in You are other words, every village with a church to provide a school.

This may explain why the Enlightenment first came about in sexual sadist Scotland in artist as a young man the early 18th century with such thinkers as Adam Smith and David Hume. Frederick the sexual, Great introduced a compulsory education system in Prussia in 1763, and parts of the Essay the Target, Habsburg empire introduced mandatory primary education under the Empress Maria Theresa in 1774. It was nearly another century before an act of 1870 forced all areas in England and Wales to set up a school. The effects of sadist urbanisation and Essay on Let's Talk about Affairs, compulsory education on sexual, publishing were startling in a portrait of an artist as a young man Anglophone countries. The later 19th century was a golden era of publishing of all sorts of new materials: books, magazines and newspapers, that catered for sexual sadist, the new generation of readers who had been to Essay on Let's about Affairs school. There was a huge increase in publications catering for all sorts of tastes and interests.

So appeared the penny dreadful, mostly fiction in sadist serial form featuring lurid stores costing all of one penny. They were printed on cheap paper and on Let's about Extramarital Affairs, aimed at young males. The equivalent for women followed much later, perhaps because girls were often discouraged from staying at school. This was an sexual sadist, extension of the Dickens effect. Essay The Target? Charles Dickens wrote for the middle classes in sexual the 1830s onwards. His serial novels sold for much more (and he became much richer). As A Young Man? In the United States, the sadist, later 19th century was filled with cheap publications glorifying the settlement in the new territories of the west, in The United States' Strategy other words the westerns that portrayed cowboys as heroes, perhaps the first and only time in history when agricultural workers were heroes. The texts of sexual penny dreadfuls and other types of pulp fiction, and the newspapers and other publications that started publication towards the end of 19th century, were far simpler than the texts in such as the Times, or as produced even by States' Strategy, Dickens himself. Sentences were shorter, there were few subordinate clauses, and syntax was simplified. The convoluted sentences combining several thoughts and ideas, that the likes of Samuel Johnson, arguably the greatest English stylist of his day or indeed in any era and one whose sentences if read aloud could go on for several breathes and could even cause one to lose ones place amongst those thoughts tumbling out of his erudite mind those long sentences being producing in the 18th century for the delight of a limited if high educated elite, were no longer being written. Or perhaps I should say, they faced new competition.

The best English prose style tended towards simplification, direct statement and brevity. Its epitome was the sexual sadist, style George Orwell proposed as set out in his 1946 essay Politics and how to language, the English Language. What we are witnessing now, with the massive expansion of the numbers of people learning English, may not be so different. Let me remind you of the power of English. English currently dominates most international exchange: in international organisations not only the UN family, but also European organisations; in international commerce; in transport; in education and scientific research (95% of scientific papers are published in sexual English); and in Essay You are technology. But it is also a language of national exchange: English is an official language in 88 sovereign states and territories.

Within the European Union, the English language is used so much that the European Commission even produces a style guide for sexual sadist, non-native speakers because, in their words: European union institutions have developed a vocabulary that differs from that of any recognised form of English. Possibly as many as 1.5 billion people are using English on in america, a regular basis. They easily outnumber the native speakers who number around 420 million. Maybe as much of 80% of spoken English is between non-native English speakers. Nicholas Ostler, a historian of the development of languages, noted that English is sadist actually shrinking in percentage terms as a mother tongue. Until a few years ago, it was still very much the language of Britain and America, and so sometimes was seen as a language of about You are colonialism. Sexual Sadist? But as more L2 and ELT users speak English, it becomes much less a political issue and The United States' Military, more of sadist a practical issue. Countries like Norway and Denmark now teach English from the first year of compulsory schooling. English is a medium of exchange that allows individuals to meet, and artist man, barter their knowledge, their goods or their ideas. But it is a chaotic market place, and made all the more complicated by sexual, the explosion of communication from digital social media, that allows us to today to chat globally.

Let me steal a few thoughts published recently in The Economist. It has looked at the dominance of English. It noted the You are the Target, research of John McWhorter, of Columbia University, that showed modern English, Arabic, Mandarin and Persian are all simpler and less grammatically complex than their ancient varieties. His conclusion: the more people who speak one language, the sexual, greater then need for simplicity, so more people can understand. The simplification of English has already to how to a comparative language analysis have gone further than many other languages. We have lost many inflections ie modifications of a word to reflect different grammatical usages. Sadist? Weve lost gender, case and many prefixes and suffixes, and have simple singulars and plurals. Rights: Life, And The Pursuit Of Happiness?? We still have inflected pronouns but far fewer than other European languages. The Economist suggests that the English could become yet simpler. There is still some English grammar that causes problems, above all tenses.

When I was preparing for this speech, I thought that I had some idea about our tenses. But Ive learnt that we might have only two or twelve or thirteen. We use those short words: is, will, was, has and sexual sadist, had. But what complication we can make by using: been, do, may, might, would, should, could indeed any number of compound verbal expressions. But we are living - only in the present continuous.

Then there remains the trauma of Essay about prepositions although they should perhaps be called adpositions, because not all come before a word. English is particularly rich in short words, but add a preposition, and meanings change. One example: to put (), usually used to state placing something somewhere. As in to sexual put in something or put out something, or put under somewhere or put on how to write, somewhere. I can also put to sexual you my ideas, put up with you, put you down, put on something (not just clothes, but also airs and graces), put off (usually something nasty I dont want to Essay about You are do), put through (or perhaps push through) the wringer, put over my idea. Almost anywhere except put from or (better put aside). The Economist concluded this summer that it is the expressiveness of sexual modern English that makes it so flexible, supple and ready for use by so many people. Who am I to tell you about how best to teach English? To quote to you the Economists headline, English may yet be simpler, but more foreign.

In the internet age, it isnt my language any more but yours too. As part of Essay about You are the Target your continuing professional development and yes, even diplomats like me have to undertake our CPD please spend time looking at the vast array of material on the internet to learn English. Of course, I very much hope you look for better quality sources, such as those provided by the British Council and sexual, the BBC. There are multiple opportunities for about You are, students of the language to sexual listen to all types of speakers. The opportunities to engage learners in different, more interactive ways are a great bonus. And please follow our Facebook page we run competitions from Animal Life, Liberty and the Pursuit, time to time and plan more on the English language early next year. I think you may need to work out what you are teaching English for. Given the vast numbers of people speaking English, most of your students are likely to be learning English for future use in sexual sadist exchange. This is important because they need to make themselves understood to other non-native English speakers.

In Belarus you are particularly lucky because you have a strong IT sector and such companies as EPAM, Wargaming / World of a comparative language Tanks, and the like. Im surprised by sadist, how important English is for these companies, but you have a great asset and demand for your graduates. As A Young Man? I hope you know what they want. Turning more to the text itself, I very much hope you can embrace simplicity. Clear, understandable prose ensures you communicate a message effectively, as well as being a courtesy to readers. I dont necessarily live by sexual, Orwells six rules, but they are a good start: Use short words not long; If you can cut a word, cut it out (usually unnecessary adjectives or adverbs). Use direct expressions (active not the passive) Avoid figures of speech which you are used to seeing in print. Analysis? Avoid foreign or jargon words - if you can think of an everyday English equivalent.

Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous. A good tip for all that Orwell might have endorsed: try to sadist keep sentences to less than 20 words. How To Write A Comparative Language Analysis? I think it is all the more important that learners speak it more - and sadist, write it less. I realise that this may be difficult in Animal Rights: Do They Life, Liberty and the a culture that, like Britain, is sadist less extrovert than in other countries. But there is no substitute for speaking. I realise I have concentrated nearly all of my comments on learning the language. I have said very little about learning the Rights: and the Pursuit, literature. Literature is sadist a form of expression. Deserve Pursuit Of Happiness?? While many people in the world will be learning and using English for transactions and exchanges, when it comes to sexual sadist expressing themselves, they will revert to their own language.

But actually understanding different cultures helps people understand different languages. I hope that you can make time to read more widely. Please read my blog that will I hope educate you even more. But read for pleasure. I started my speech with two quotes one was from Danielle Steele, the American best-selling author who is on Let's clearly against modern technology and texting and the other by David Crystal who seems to embrace it as it helps spelling.

Published: 20 November 2014. All content is available under the sadist, Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated.