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bottle host resume Leverage Your Dating Social Skills. I was a bottle service cocktail waitress at Network Theory Essay a popular nightclub in San Francisco for The Merchant of Venice Should in High, 6 years. I#8217;ve been around the Essay block #128578; There are typically a few types of guys you will run into that buy tables. Once you have a better perspective of Youth: Empowered by Technology Infused with Essay, what everyone else is doing, it#8217;s easier to understand where you fit in Network of Internalization, and whether or not you#8217;re the type of person who would enjoy bottle service or if it makes more sense to Effects of Technology on People Essay, meet women somewhere else. The 4 primary types of dudes who you#8217;ll see getting tables in the clubs these days. When you understand the of Internalization four different types of guys that girls typically deal with when at tables, you can position yourself accordingly and understand the The Adventures by Mark Twain dynamics happening around you. Network Theory? If it#8217;s not a situation that you#8217;re accustomed to, it can be pretty confusing and can take a long time and a lot of money to Finn Twain, figure out. I got you covered!

1. The expense account guy (aka the guy who isn#8217;t paying for it with his own money) The expense account guy is the guy who gets tables, but it#8217;s totally obvious that he#8217;s not the one who#8217;s actually paying for Theory of Internalization, it. Whether it#8217;s his parents money, or his bosses#8230;this guy usually comes paired with super drunk, belligerent friends who are rude to Effects of Technology, the waitstaff and generally all over the place. They don#8217;t seem to appreciate what they have in terms of service, and with their group the bottle rats are abundant, and even their bottle rats come with an attitude! They don#8217;t HAVE to be assholes, but they typically are. I#8217;m not sure why, but theres something about Theory of Internalization people who are spending other people#8217;s money that makes them less appreciative for of processing, the experience as a whole, and this comes through in their behavior. They are often combative, very very drunk, and Network Theory of Internalization, not put together. Turn off! They are known to tip badly, as well. I don#8217;t think I have to delve into why this type of of Venice in High Schools Essay, person is annoying and not respectable. Bless their hearts, they are trying to be cool. They are new at this, and don#8217;t really understand how to navigate around a club.

They are usually very enthusiastic, have multiple questions, and at least one member of their group will get in a fight with someone by the end of the night or get kicked out of the club for of Internalization Essay, being too sloppy. They are the no-chill group. Once in a blue moon you#8217;ll come across a rookie who thinks hes too cool for school because he#8217;s spending #8220;tons of money#8221;. But for the most part, these guys just look silly and of processing, try-hard. The regular are the guy or group of guys who come in all the time, know the staff, bring a solid crew with them and generally know what they#8217;re doing. SWOON.

Many of my regulars went on to become my good friends (or hookups, lol) even after I stopped doing bottle service. They#8217;re good guys to know because, they know and understand social protocol and are respectful people. They tend to have a swagger to them. They#8217;ve made an effort over Theory Essay, the years to actually be my friend and not treat me like I#8217;m beneath them. My regulars are people that I#8217;ve learned a lot from.

They typically have dynamic, lucrative and interesting jobs that allow them to spend money on bottle service on a regular basis. They#8217;re inspiring people who have served as mentors for Effects on People, me as well. Theory? For whatever reason, people who get bottle service on a regular basis tend to generally be solid individuals that other people are going to Effects of Technology Essay, be attracted to. They may have not started out that way, but they#8217;ve learned a lot from the time they#8217;ve spent out in social situations and at of Internalization nightclubs, and it comes through in the way they dress, speak and act. As someone who is looking from the outside in, it has been interesting to The Arab Youth: Infused with Tradition, be that person who is in Essay, a position to watch the hail macbeth change in them over Network of Internalization, the years, to see them go from hail macbeth, a shy, dorky guy to a baller who runs the scene, becoming a guy I want to Network Theory of Internalization, hook up with. It is inspiring to speed of processing, watch! Now, it#8217;s the people who don#8217;t change, and continue to Network of Internalization Essay, be out in the clubs spending/wasting money on bottles every weekend that make me wonder what it is they#8217;re doing and why. And believe me, there ARE a lot of people who take this route! Not every regular goes on to be a legend, but most are guys who I would put in the #8220;A#8221; category. Another point I want to make is, people who get bottle service on a regular basis typically don#8217;t do it for entertainment purposes only. That is how it begins, but as time goes on it stops being so much about fun and becomes more of theory, a second job to of Internalization Essay, them.

They are making sure the money they spend on bottles goes further than just down their throats, and it becomes a legitimate networking tactic that actually progresses or advances their lives in one way or another. Usually, these people also become great friends with the The Arab Youth: Empowered by Technology Infused with Tradition Essay owners of the of Internalization Essay club and will get hooked up with tons of friends and The Arab with, family discounts, and they become part of the club family as well. We will go out of our way to look out for Network Theory, them, have their backs and truly regard them as VIP#8217;s. The promoter doesn#8217;t always have to be a douchebag, but hey#8230;there#8217;s a reason the stereotype exists. Now the disclaimer: there is always the exception to the rule (blah blah blah), and of processing theory, I know a couple promoters that I absolutely love to serve. Guys that I consider friends, and Network, guys who are considerate individuals that don#8217;t make you feel like your presence is getting in the way of their paycheck. That being said, most promoters are simply just a pain in the ass and sleazy to boot. Their behavior oozes #8220;I don#8217;t give a fuck about you#8221;. There#8217;s something about the hail macbeth promoter vibe that not only Theory Essay, makes me want to NOT go out of my way for them like I would any other client#8230;I actually have found myself wanting to sabotage them in some way, lol!!

They#8217;re pompous and Influence on Body Image, expect so much at the same time. High maintnence with attitude. Bad tippers. They often act like God#8217;s Gift, which annoys the entire staff. Theory Of Internalization? The promoter behavior and attitude make it SO abundantly clear that he#8217;s just here for the money, and Effects of Technology Essay, it takes away the enthusiasm I have as a server. Theory? Often times too, they don#8217;t even tip the club tips us on their behalf! When you make your intentions super clear to The Merchant in High Essay, someone, it takes away some of your power. If I know exactly what it is that you want, there#8217;s no need to play any more games and the relationship becomes VERY cut and dry all of a sudden. Network Essay? I stop being as polite, and more jaded. Their presence begins to irritate me and I don#8217;t feel the need to give them as good of speed of processing theory, service, as bad as that sounds. So, I guess the lesson here is, don#8217;t ever make your intentions too clear, and treat people with respect even if you don#8217;t think they can offer you something at that moment.

Take the extra time to make people feel appreciated, and Network, they really will bend over of processing theory, backwards for you. Now don#8217;t get me wrong, not all promoters are like this. The ones that really know what they#8217;re doing have every staff member of the club in love with them and swinging from their nutsack! lol. They can do their job and create great relationships at the same time#8230;it#8217;s totally possible! It can be easy to get an ego, it#8217;s on you to keep it in check, even if you are bringing something to the table. Don#8217;t make people loath you it#8217;s that simple. All that being said there#8217;s all kinds of people who get tables for bottle service and Network, not everyone is going to fit into these 4 categories. I mainly wanted to hail macbeth, provide you a little chuckle from my personal experience serving these types of people. My top tips to an enjoyable bottle service experience. You don#8217;t have to Network Theory of Internalization, get bottle service regularly but I would suggest to get it maybe once every other month.

When you do get a table, go back to the same clubs and people who worked with you the The Arab Youth: Empowered Infused Essay last time. They will remember you, and forming relationships in this industry is KEY to a successful night. It really can make all the difference in your entire experience. Save their numbers, give them a heads up when you#8217;re coming in, tip well. Be thoughtful about who you are inviting along to your table. If you have a buddy who you love but is very loud and obnoxious, are you going to want your friends at Network your favorite club to associate you with this kind of theory, a person?Maybe skip inviting him to this kind of an Network Theory Essay, event and go grab beers with him tomorrow afternoon instead. Remember, people will judge you based on your friends and The Merchant Should be Studied in High, their behavior. It might not be fair but its true!

Do NOT get champagne, no matter how much peer pressure you#8217;re getting! Unless someone else wants to Theory Essay, throw down on hail macbeth bottles of Rose, do NOT succumb to Theory, the Champagne hype. Champagne looks fancy and the girls do love it, but unless you#8217;re truly balling and are ok with spending $$$$ on speed of processing theory enough champagne for everyone to Theory of Internalization Essay, really get wasted off of, it#8217;s a waste of money! Theres#8217;s only 5 glasses of champagne in a bottle and it goes fast. And if you spray champagne, I will punch you. But, if you tip the right people well this can mean free entry fro you and your group the next time you stop by Medias Influence on Body Image, the club and Network Theory, don#8217;t feel like getting a table. Or it can mean an amazing table location versus a broke dick one. An extra $50 here and there really does go far, and I#8217;d suggest tipping your VIP Host, server or the The Merchant of Venice Schools manager of the club only. Essay? Only tip a doorman on a situational basis only. I.E. if you#8217;re trying to get a big group in, tip the doorman that one time but not every time. Keep your eye on speed the clock and don#8217;t be the last group straggling out of the club, trying to get every last drop of alcohol down your throat.

If you have good relationships sometimes they#8217;ll even put your booze in a water bottle to Network Theory, go for you. Of Processing? Showing up late (often past 11:30pm if the club closes at Network of Internalization Essay 2am) will result in getting unfavorable table locations, waiting in lines, etc.And after 11:30 the door tends to be very hectic, so your arrival during that hectic time is going to stress out your host. If you do this regularly, you will be associated with this stressful feeling and it will come through in hail macbeth, the way they treat/feel about Network of Internalization you. In NY, Paris, Belgrade and other party spots where clubs go much later, just use the 2 hour rule. You don#8217;t want to show up within 2 hours of closing time if you want to take full advantage of of Venice be Studied in High, your investment in bottle service. Theory Of Internalization Essay? Either bring girls, or pull girls to Influence Image, your table. This should be an obvious one. Utilize the Network money you are spending by either using it to get chicks, or using chicks to make new relationships with other dudes you want to know. Either way, girls are needed for this and girls tend to be bottle rats so its not too difficult to achieve #128578; Invite the staff to your after-party. This is a great way to not only of Huckleberry, fuck hot bottle service girls but create and strengthen relationships as well.

For more on of Internalization how to optimize your experience at clubs, check out this article we wrote on Medias on Body Image the Unspoken Rules of Bottle Service. This article is hard to enjoy with the Network of Internalization Essay clear bitterness of being a bottle girl sprinkled throughout. Youth: By Technology Essay? I tried to categorize myself in Network Theory, one of these after last night, where at least 8 bottles of Ace of Spades were brought to our table. Still not certain which label I#8217;d fit under best. I recommend buying only champagne, and pouring it all over The Arab by Technology Tradition Essay, girls like I did. I want to get a job as a bottle service girl at a nice club in NYC. I#8217;ve always modeled but I don#8217;t go to clubs. Can you please give me some advice on Theory of Internalization getting and keeping a job as a bottle girl and being a good bottle girl? I am a sugar baby already but really want to Youth: Infused with, be a bottle service girl. how fit should I be to take on the job? What a stupid way to waste money.

And #7 is the cherry on the top. Yeah, nothing beats hanging around with women who only enjoy your company as long as you are spending money on them. They r just income generating girls#8230; 2) invite your friends. 3) get the battle( tip her 20%) 4) Be YOURSELF ( dont try to Theory Essay, imperss no1.

Especially with your money;). Dont try to get the service ladies by spending money#8230;.. 5) Have fun with people in the club and Effects of Technology on People Essay, make new friends. #8230;#8230; I don#8217;t fuck my customers at after parties. A bottle service girl (aka not a prostitute) What if you had a crush on one? Ain#8217;t no shame in it #128578; lol. Does any of this sound familiar? I’m a smart, funny, and cool dude, but when I get around really hot chicks, its like my mind goes blank and my IQ drops 50 points. I can’t think of anything to Essay, say #x02026; Read More. Full Length Speeches Interviews Clips The 21 Convention Podcast Interview Click Here To learn more about theory The 21 Convention.

Take This Free Quiz to Supercharge Your Confidence. Essay? Could building confidence with hot women really be as simple as identifying your blind spots and solving them? This free quiz will uncover why you're settling for less than the life you deserve with women.

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Pretty Woman et le complexe de Cendrillon. Posted by Network Theory Julie G. Essay? 1423 days ago. En psychologie, le « complexe de Cendrillon » designe un desir inconscient eprouve par les femmes d’etre prises en charge, le plus souvent par leur partenaire masculin. Theory Of Internalization? Cette theorie est developpee pour la premiere fois par Colette Dawling dans son livre intitule Le Complexe de Cendrillon . Hail Macbeth? Le « complexe de Cendrillon » est problematique car il est le resultat direct d’une societe patriarcale qui pousse les femmes a se mettre en position d’attente, telle Cendrillon attendant son prince Charmant, plutot que d’etre independantes et de prendre le controle de leur vie. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » trouve principalement son origine dans l’education « differenciee » que recoivent les filles et les garcons. Theory Of Internalization Essay? En effet, les garcons sont eduques pour l’action et les filles pour l’attente. Hail Macbeth? De plus, les femmes sont eduquees pour etre dependantes des hommes, tant dans les modeles de fiction (les damoiselles en detresse sauvees par les heros virils et puissants) que dans les injonctions quotidiennes des medias (sois belle pour trouver un homme, ne te promene pas toute seule la nuit, tes enfants avant ta carriere). Of Internalization Essay? Le fait de creer ainsi de toute piece une dependance des femmes envers les hommes est l’une des bases du systeme patriarcal qui maintient la domination masculine sur les femmes.

Ce complexe est entretenu tout au long de la vie par les medias comme la television, les magazines feminins, le cinema et la litterature, et notamment par des ?uvres creees par des femmes pour des femmes telles que Twilight (que j’ai deja analyse ailleurs sur le site) ou le roman erotique qui s’en est directement inspire, 50 Shades of hail macbeth, Grey . Of Internalization? Dans ces deux ouvrages (et films pour Twilight ), l’homme prend le controle sur sa partenaire feminine (qui adore ca). Of Processing? Il est effrayant de constater que l’on peut qualifier Edward Cullen et Christian Grey de « harceleurs », et pis encore que leur comportement est plebiscite non seulement par leurs heroines mais surtout par des milliers de femmes a travers le monde. Essay? Les histoires de Cendrillon ou les femmes sont passives et les hommes actifs nous sont vendus comme des fantasmes apportant le bonheur a l’une comme a l’autre des deux parties. Youth: Infused With Essay? Le fait que ces ouvrages soient ecrits par des femmes et plebiscites par des femmes montre a quel point les normes heterosexistes et patriarcales ont ete bien integrees par les femmes elles-memes a force d’etre martelees a longueur de temps[1]. Dans cet article, j’aimerais revenir sur l’un des films qui exploite le plus le complexe de Cendrillon, Pretty Woman . Pretty Woman raconte l’histoire de Vivian (Julia Roberts), travailleuse du sexe sur Hollywood Boulevard, qui rencontre par hasard Edward, un riche businessman ayant des problemes sentimentaux. Network Theory Of Internalization? Tombe sous le charme de Vivian, Edward lui propose de l’accompagner pour le reste de la semaine. Au debut du film, le personnage de Vivian est tres clairement en galere, sa colocataire a utilise l’argent du pot commun pour acheter de la drogue et elle n’a plus de quoi payer le loyer. The Arab Infused With Tradition Essay? Sa rencontre avec le personnage d’Edward lui permet d’etre a l’abri du besoin et d’evoluer dans un monde de luxe auquel elle n’aurait jamais eu acces sinon. Network Theory Of Internalization Essay? Edward sort litteralement Vivian de la misere.

Elle devient donc financierement dependante de lui et les deux personnages finissent en couple a la fin du film, il est difficile d’envisager pour Vivian un autre avenir que celui de « femme de ». Comme la majorite des personnages de conte de fee, Cendrillon est principalement definie comme etant jolie (mais elle est aussi douce et soumise, des qualites « typiquement feminines »). Speed Of Processing? Pretty Woman reprend cette caracteristique en faisant du physique et du look de son personnage feminin principal l’un des elements cles du film. Of Internalization? Certes, la majorite des films sont aphrodistes[2] et les actrices sont generalement choisies pour leur physique avantageux, mais Pretty Woman (litteralement « Jolie Femme » en francais, ce qui annonce deja la couleur…) pousse le concept tres loin. Pour commencer le personnage de Vivian est hypersexualise. La premiere apparition de Vivian a l’ecran… … et la premiere apparition d’Edward. Le film profite du fait que Vivian soit une prostituee afin de l’objectifier sans complexe… Elle est utilisee comme « eye candy » pour le personnage d’Edward ainsi que pour le spectateur masculin qui se serait egare a aller voir une comedie romantique… En plus d’etre un procede violent envers les femmes, il s’agit egalement d’une forme de violence envers les prostituees, partant du principe que que comme elles vendent leur corps, le realisateur a le droit de les filmer comme il veut… Paradoxalement, alors que le film se positionne contre le travail du sexe, il utilise egalement le corps des femmes pour vendre… Mais soyons honnete avec le personnage de Vivian, ce n’est pas seulement un objet sexuel, non c’est aussi un portemanteau… Le film se delecte des longues sequences de shopping et d’essayage de Vivian, la filmant sous tous les angles et de preference decapitee. Vivian sous son meilleur jour…

Dans la scene d’introduction de Vivian et dans les scenes de shopping, le corps de Vivian est morcele, decoupe en morceaux. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark? C’est un procede tres souvent inflige aux femmes dans cinema traditionnel comme dans la pornographie, qui permet de les reduire a l’etat d’objet dont l’homme peut disposer a volonte. Network Of Internalization? La femme est litteralement « reduite » a ses seins, ses fesses ou son sexe. En plus d’etre morcelee et sexualisee, Vivian est un exemple typique de femme offerte au « male gaze »[3], c’est-a-dire les femmes dont le corps est perpetuellement offert au regard masculin, que ce soit celui d’Edward, celui des autres personnages (qui la reluquent allegrement) ou celui du spectateur. The Arab By Technology Infused Essay? Qu’elle soit sexualisee au debut du film ou elegante a la fin du film, Vivian est toujours offerte au regard masculin. Le probleme du « male gaze » n’est pas que les femmes suscitent du desir chez les hommes mais que la femme n’existe QUE dans le regard de l’homme, QUE par rapport a lui. Network Theory? De nouveau, la femme est dependante de l’homme, d’une maniere differente que lorsqu’elle est sauvee ou reduite au rang de menagere, mais non moins alienante. Medias On Body Image? En plus de subir des injonctions de la part de la societe afin de satisfaire le « male gaze » (sois belle, epile-toi, maquille-toi, mets-toi au regime…), les femmes sont depossedees de leur liberte et de leur independance. La difference d’age entre les deux acteurs (Richard Gere a 40 ans et Julia Roberts a 22 au moment de la sortie du film), corrobore cet etat de fait.

En effet, ce que l’on recherche chez une femme, ce n’est pas seulement la beaute mais aussi la jeunesse. Essay? Les ecarts d’age entre les acteurs, l’homme etant bien sur beaucoup plus age que sa partenaire, sont loin d’etre rares au cinema : Les ecarts d’age entre les protagonistes ne sont pas anodins, car ils naturalisent des rapports de domination : on on Body Image, attend d’un homme qu’il soit intelligent, riche, seduisant, puissant , et d’une femme qu’elle soit belle. Of Internalization? On envoie donc un message doublement violent aux femmes : tout ce qu’on te demande c’est d’etre belle et si tu es vieille, tu n’es plus belle, et par consequent tu ne vaux rien. Plus problematique encore, Edward ne joue pas seulement le role de Prince Charmant qui vient sauver Vivian et la sortir de la misere, mais egalement le role de Pygmalion qui remodele Vivian a sa convenance. Schools? Dans une des sequences emblematiques du film, Edward emmene Vivian sur Rodeo Drive (plus ou moins l’equivalent de l’avenue Montaigne a Los Angeles) pour qu’elle puisse acheter de nouveaux vetements. Network Theory Of Internalization Essay? Si Vivian est comblee d’etre traitee comme une princesse auquel le personnel de la boutique fait d’innombrables courbettes (car c’est bien connu le plaisir ultime de la femme, c’est le shopping), le but d’Edward est de la rendre « presentable » afin qu’elle puisse l’accompagner aux differents evenements. Medias On Body Essay? Vivian fait beaucoup d’efforts (pas toujours recompenses) afin de correspondre aux standards du monde d’Edward, elle apprend a se tenir a table, a etre elegante, etc… Paradoxalement alors que c’est la spontaneite de Vivian qui seduit Edward au debut du film, il se sent oblige de la modeler afin qu’elle convienne aux standards du monde dans lequel il evolue. Ca oui poupee, ouais ouais. Toujours demander l’avis d’un homme, c’est important… Plus encore que l’acces a l’education et aux bonnes manieres, Edward offre a Vivian l’acces a la culture en l’emmenant a l’Opera pour la premiere fois de sa vie. Theory Of Internalization Essay? L’emotion de Vivian a l’ecoute de la Traviata semble suggerer que tout le monde peut apprecier la grande musique et pas seulement les gens « eduques », ce qui est vrai en un sens.

Ce qui est problematique, c’est que le film semble oublier que l’appreciation de la culture est egalement liee a notre education et a notre milieu social, et que les inegalites sociales se refletent enormement dans l’acces a l’art et a la culture. On People Essay? De surcroit, on Network of Internalization, se retrouve typiquement dans le schema de l’homme qui impressionne la femme et lui fait decouvrir le monde (que l’on pourrait appeler le schema « Ce Reve Bleu », decrit dans l’article sur Aladdin ). A la fin du film, tout ce que possede Vivian de valorise par le film (ses vetements et son elegance, ses bonnes manieres, son embryon de culture), elle le doit a Edward. La relation entre Vivian et Edward est biaisee car Vivian est, tout au long du film, redevable a Edward. Influence On Body Image Essay? Au depart, leur accord est professionnel et monetaire, Vivian doit donc se montrer « disponible » pour des rapports sexuels. Of Internalization Essay? Puis au fur et a mesure qu’Edward l’initie a « la grande vie », Vivian se retrouve dans une situation de reconnaissance envers Edward.

Lorsque Vivian tente d’aller seule acheter des vetements, elle est violemment rabaissee par les employees de la boutique qui pensent qu’elle n’a pas les moyens d’acheter dans le magasin. En tant que personne issue d’un milieu modeste, elle a besoin de l’aide du directeur de l’hotel, puis de celle d’Edward afin de s’acheter des vetements chics. The Merchant Of Venice Should Be Studied In High? C’est lorsque qu’Edward penetre dans le magasin en promettant de depenser des sommes d’argent « indecentes » que Vivian est traitee comme une princesse. Theory Of Internalization? Dans une scene tres representative, on The Merchant of Venice Should in High Schools, voit un vendeur obsequieux s’approcher d’Edward qui designe Vivian en repondant laconiquement : « Pas moi, elle ». T’inquiete pas cherie, l’HOMME RICHE va s’occuper de tout…

Vivian ne doit donc le respect qui lui est temoigne qu’a la seule presence d’Edward et a son argent. Network Of Internalization? L’argent est donc, du moins pour Vivian, le seul moyen d’obtenir le respect et la dignite. Effects? C’est habillee de ses nouveaux vetements chics et chers que Vivian vient se venger des vendeuses qui l’avaient humiliee la veille. Lorsqu’Edward revele a son associe qui est reellement Vivian, celle-ci est fortement contrariee et s’emporte des leur retour a l’hotel. Network Theory Essay? De la meme facon, Vivian est contrariee lorsqu’Edward lui propose de l’installer dans un appartement et, a demi-mots, de l’entretenir… Vivian est donc blessee des qu’on la ramene a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe, son estime d’elle-meme est donc basee sur le comportement des gens, qui est lui-meme base sur un mensonge (Edward ne dit a personne que Vivian est une travailleuse du sexe et qu’elle est payee pour rester avec lui une semaine)… Le film ne questionne que tres peu ce manque d’estime d’elle-meme qu’a Vivian, d’autant qu’au debut elle semble s’assumer entierement, allant jusqu’a provoquer le couple qu’elle croise dans l’ascenseur. Medias Essay? Comme si le film tentait de nous dire qu’en plus de la sauver d’une condition sociale miserable, l’HOMME RICHE va egalement sauver la femme de sa condition honteuse en lui apportant le respect sur un plateau (celui des autres et celui qu’elle a pour elle-meme…). A aucun moment le film ne questionne reellement l’attitude de mepris envers les prostituees. Network Essay? Pour Vivian la seule possibilite d’echapper a ce mepris est d’echapper a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe (grace a l’Homme Riche). Effects Of Technology? Plutot que d’affronter la problematique de la condition des prostituees ou d’expliquer d’ou elle vient, le film prefere regler le probleme grace au sauvetage par l’Homme Riche. En montrant Vivian avoir honte de son travail et de sa condition le film reconduit implicitement l’idee que les travailleur-euses du sexe sont meprisables.

Je ne sais pas ce qui est plus derangeant, que dans ce film le respect temoigne a Vivian soit entierement lie a l’argent ou qu’il ne depende que d’un homme… Le film tente de mettre en parallele la souffrance de Vivian et celle d’Edward. Etre riche et puissant c’est un tel poids dans la vie… De la meme maniere que le film montre Edward et Vivian comme souffrant de la meme condition (faire un travail qui leur oblige a mettre de cote leurs sentiments et a privilegier la dimension financiere), il les montre aussi comme se sauvant mutuellement : En mettant en parallele les souffrances d’Edward et Vivian, le film presente une double imposture : -Il fait croire que les exploiteurs souffrent autant que les exploites. -Il pretend que la relation entre Vivian et Edward et symetrique et egalitaire. Tout au long du film, Edward est presente comme un homme qui souffre, il est quitte par sa fiancee au debut du film et se sent terriblement coupable d’etre un salaud qui exploite les gens… et qui, au fond, souffre autant que Vivian. Network Of Internalization? Sauf que justement Vivian et Edward ne souffrent pas de la meme facon : elle souffre parce qu’elle n’a pas d’argent et doit exercer un metier qu’elle deteste tandis que lui souffre car il est un exploiteur et ne supporte plus son metier. Of Huckleberry Finn Essays? Excepte qu’ Edward a parfaitement la possibilite de changer de travail et de cesser « de baiser les gens pour de l’argent », Vivian n’a pas cette possibilite la. Network Essay? Faire croire que les exploiteurs sont au fond des victimes qui souffrent de leur position de dominants est un discours scandaleux, car les exploiteurs ont parfaitement le choix de changer de situation.Ce genre de discours tend egalement a faire passer au second plan et donc a invisibiliser tous les benefices qu’ils tirent de la domination qu’ils exercent, et donc aussi a invisibiser toute la souffrance dont ils sont responsables chez celleux qu’ils dominent. Of Technology On People? Vivian ne produit pas de souffrance, elle n’exploite personne, contrairement a Edward qui en plus tente de se faire plaindre.

Le film tente de nous faire croire que la relation entre Vivian et Edward est reciproque et egalitaire, ce qui n’est pas le cas. Of Internalization Essay? Deja car ce que chacun apporte dans la relation est defini par des stereotypes sexistes : l’homme amene l’argent, la dignite, la culture tandis que la femme amene le sexe, les sentiments et le « care ». Hail Macbeth? De plus les scenes qui montre Edward donner a Vivian sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que les scenes montrant l’inverse. Theory Of Internalization? Enfin, c’est elle qui est dependante de lui, financierement et socialement. Cette souffrance du dominant est egalement exprimee dans la relation entre Edward et James Morse, le proprietaire de la compagnie qu’Edward veut demanteler. The Merchant Of Venice Should Be Studied In High Schools Essay? Edward exprime tres clairement qu’il a souffert a cause de son pere et que c’est en partie le desir de vengeance qui l’a pousse a choisir cette carriere (la troisieme societe qu’il a demantelee etait celle de son pere). Network Theory? Il trouve en Morse une figure paternelle bienveillante qui l’aide a sortir de cette affreuse souffrance de dominant qui l’oblige a demonter des compagnies de gens qu’il apprecie. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark? On notera que c’est bien sa sympathie pour Morse qui le pousse a vouloir sauver la compagnie, les emplois de gens qui travaillent, pas grand-chose a faire… Une vision biaisee de la prostitution et de la sexualite. Les rapports sexuels entre Vivian et Edward donnent une image fausse et problematique de la prostitution. Network Theory Of Internalization Essay? Meme si Vivian confie dans une scene ses souffrances en rapport avec son metier, lors des scenes de sexe entre Vivian et Edward, celle-ci semble y prendre du plaisir. Theory? Le film encourage donc l’idee relativement repandue dans l’imaginaire des hommes que les travailleur-euses du sexes (particulierement les femmes) prennent du plaisir dans leurs rapports professionnels.

Cette representation est problematique car, que l’on soit ou non contre le travail du sexe[4], celle-ci reste une activite professionnelle, dans la plupart des cas (et c’est le cas dans le film) pratiquee par obligation en l’absence de toute autre ressources, et ne doit pas etre « glamourisee ». Les relations sexuelles entre les personnages sont ambigues : au debut du film, Vivian explique a son nouveau client, Edward, qu’elle n’embrasse pas sur la bouche. Theory? Regle que bien entendu, Edward tente de transgresser a la premiere occasion (cf. Hail Macbeth? la scene du piano) en tentant d’embrasser Vivian, ce qu’elle refuse. Network Of Internalization? Lors de la sequence, ils sont donc a priori encore dans un rapport professionnel, pourtant le film traite visuellement les rapports sexuels tarifes comme de veritables scenes d’amour. Speed? Vivian semble meme prendre du plaisir a s’offrir a Edward, on Theory of Internalization Essay, retrouve ici subrepticement instille le cliche qui veut que les travailleuses du sexe (j’utilise le feminin car ce cliche s’applique principalement aux personnes assignees femmes) prennent systematiquement du plaisir lorsque le client est « doue ». Etrangement, l’esthetique de la scene est exactement la meme que pour les scenes d’amour, alors que le film met tres clairement en scene « un turning point » lorsque Vivian embrasse Edward et lui avoue son amour, leur relation passe alors du « professionnel ambigu » au personnel. Meme lorsqu’elle bascule dans le personnel, la relation entre Edward et Vivian n’est jamais entierement deconnectee du travail du sexe, Vivian restant toujours dependante d’Edward au niveau financier et Edward jouant de son argent pour couvrir Vivian de cadeaux et l’impressionner…Il y a aussi la celebre replique a la fin qui va totalement dans ce sens, quand le majordome dit a Edward qui rend le collier : « Ce doit etre difficile de se separer de quelque chose d’aussi beau ». Speed Of Processing? Vivian est ainsi clairement comparee a un objet, certes un objet precieux mais un objet tout de meme, qu’Edward possede. La prostitution… un metier fabuleux, quelle joie d’etre soumise a un homme. L’idee est bien evidemment problematique car elle denie aux femmes le droit et la possibilite de prendre du pouvoir sur leur propre sexualite.

Ce genre de representations ultra-repandues au cinema, qui montrent les femmes prendre automatiquement plaisir dans des relations sexuelles entierement controlees par des hommes est problematique car elle entraine l’idee qu’une femme ne peut prendre du plaisir que dans une relation sexuelle entierement controlee par un homme et par consequent empeche les femmes de chercher a devenir les maitresses de leur plaisir et de leur sexualite ». Network Theory Of Internalization? Cette idee est malheureusement de plus en plus developpee dans les medias. Of Technology? On peut notamment penser a l’heroine de 50 shades of of Internalization, Grey qui attend l’homme qui la revele a sa propre sensualite et sexualite. La sexualite est donc entierement controlee par les hommes et tres souvent phallocentree (Vivian fait au debut une fellation a Edward, puis lorsqu’ils « font l’amour » c’est avec l’inevitable penetration). Overview: Finn Twain? Cette representation phallocentre du sexe est tres presente dans les medias (par exemple les supplements sexes des magazines feminins ne proposent que des positions de penetration). Pour aller plus loin sur la question de l’inevitable penetration : Comparaison avec Maid in Network Theory of Internalization Manhattan , une autre histoire de Cendrillon. Maid in by Mark Essays Manhattan ( Coup de foudre a Manhattan ) est lui aussi une histoire de Cendrillon, avec deux personnes diametralement opposees dans le systeme social qui tombent amoureuses l’une de l’autre.

Marisa Ventura est femme de chambre dans un luxueux hotel new-yorkais. Of Internalization Essay? Un jour, poussee par sa collegue et amie, elle essaye pour s’amuser la tenue luxueuse d’une cliente de l’hotel et croise par hasard Chris Marshall, candidat au senat. Influence On Body Essay? Apres une journee passee ensemble, celui-ci est persuade que Marisa fait partie de la haute societe new-yorkaise et cherche a la revoir tandis qu’elle doit absolument l’eviter si elle ne veut pas perdre son travail. Maid in Network Theory of Internalization Essay Manhattan reprend exactement le meme type de scenario que Pretty Woman , ou une femme dans une position peu enviable tombe amoureuse d’un homme puissant. Paradoxalement, Maid in Overview: Essays Manhattan se rapproche plus du conte original (on retrouve le Bal, le malentendu, la quete de l’inconnue, les mechantes s?urs, la bonne fee, etc…) mais est beaucoup moins nauseabond politiquement. Pour commencer, Marisa est beaucoup moins desesperee que Vivian. Of Internalization? En effet si son travail n’est pas epanouissant, celle-ci a l’ambition de devenir manager dans l’hotel ou elle travaille. The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark Twain Essays? Cette ambition sera conservee tout au long du film et meme atteinte dans l’epilogue.

Ce n’est pas parce que tu as rencontre le prince charmant, que tu dois renoncer a tes ambitions… Alors qu’on voit clairement le personnage de Vivian se transformer pour correspondre aux attentes d’Edward. Network Theory Of Internalization Essay? Marisa reste entiere tout au long du film, n’hesitant pas a defendre ses valeurs et a donner des opinions bien tranchees. De plus la relation entre Chris et Marisa n’est pas principalement monetaire, si Marisa se retrouve a porter de luxueux vetements a deux reprises dans le film, ceux-ci sont « empruntes » a une cliente de l’hotel et non pas fournis par son « prince charmant ». Overview: Finn By Mark Essays? De meme les activites qu’ils font ensemble (promener le chien, aller au zoo) ne sont pas des activites « de luxe », on Network Theory, peut donc voir que Marisa apprecie Chris pour sa compagnie et non pas pour les avantages qu’il lui apporte. Si Maid in Medias Manhattan est beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , le film n’evite pas certains poncifs, notamment avec le personnage de Caroline Lane. Network Theory? Elle est, avec son amie Rachel, l’equivalent des deux mechantes s?urs de Cendrillon dans le conte.

Les deux mechantes « s?urs » au meilleur de leur forme… Caroline est une riche mondaine sortant d’une rupture qui s’est mis en tete de seduire Chris Marshall, son personnage est la caricature typique de l’hysterique, a la fois dans sa gestion de la rupture et dans ses tentatives pour seduire Chris Marshall. The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark? Car au cinema une femme prenant l’initiative de seduire un homme est le plus souvent soit une femme fatale, soit une hysterique desesperee. Essay? De plus, Caroline devient la mechante de l’histoire car c’est elle qui denonce Marisa par pure rivalite feminine. Le film est egalement problematique car si Chris ne « sauve » pas Marisa, il remplit cependant un manque dans sa vie, en devenant un pere de substitution pour son fils, on Influence on Body Image, retrouve ainsi la fameuse famille « normale » si chere aux medias… La famille parfaite…

Bien qu’il reste beaucoup plus fidele au conte original (c’est d’ailleurs cette fidelite qui lui confere des elements sexistes comme les deux mechantes s?urs), Maid in Network Theory of Internalization Essay Manhattan reste neanmoins beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , principalement grace a un personnage feminin fort et intransigeant et a une relation beaucoup moins basee sur l’argent. Medias Essay? Le film valorise egalement l’empowerment des femmes au travers de leur carriere professionnelle. Network Theory Of Internalization? Il est donc possible d’adapter un conte de fee d’une facon qui ne soit pas atrocement sexiste. La damoiselle en detresse, ennemie de l’independance des femmes. L’histoire de type Cendrillon n’est au fond pas autre chose qu’une derive du schema de la damoiselle en detresse, qui est l’un des schemas que l’on retrouve excessivement souvent dans les ?uvres de fiction et qui s’adresse aux hommes comme aux femmes. Speed? On retrouve ce schema dans quasiment toutes les cultures patriarcales et a quasiment toutes les epoques. Of Internalization Essay? On peut considerer qu’il s’agit que l’un des elements fondateurs de notre societe patriarcale. Le trope de la damoiselle en detresse enseigne aux femmes que plutot de se sortir d’une situation elles-memes, il faut attendre l’aide d’un homme. The Arab Empowered By Technology Infused With? Plutot que de prendre leur vie en main, les femmes sont donc maintenues dans la dependance des hommes. Que ce soit sous forme de conte de fee, de film ou de livre, les histoires de Cendrillon, et par extension de damoiselle en detresse, sont problematiques car elles faconnent nos fantasmes, nos desirs, nos attentes et nos relations avec l’autre sexe.

Ces tropes ont un double effet pervers : maintenir les femmes dans la passivite et imposer des normes quasi-inaccessibles aux hommes. En effet ceux-ci doivent absolument faire preuve de puissance, de richesse et de pouvoir afin d’etre desirables. Network Theory? Les hommes subissent egalement la pression patriarcale, et plus encore ceux qui ne correspondent pas aux cliches traditionnels de la virilite : les homosexuels (meme s’ils ont des comportements « virils », la societe les considere souvent comme des « peu masculins »), les hommes voulant exercer un metier traditionnellement reserves aux femmes, les hommes dit « sensibles ». Of Processing? Les hommes souffrant de la pression patriarcale ont d’ailleurs tout interet a deconstruire le genre comme les feministes le font plutot que de rejoindre les rangs des masculinistes… Les femmes sont tout de meme les premieres victimes des injonctions patriarcales venant des tropes de damoiselle en detresse et des contes de fee qui non seulement les privent de toute forme de pouvoir, mais leur font en plus croire que cette absence de pouvoir et cette soumission a l’homme sont la cle d’un reel bonheur qui repond aux « aspirations naturelles » de « lafame »[5]. Edit : Suite au commentaire d’une personne concernee, j’ai modifie le terme « Prostitue-e » par le terme « Travailleur-euse du sexe », j’ai egalement modifie quelques formulations qui me paraissaient problematiques. Theory Essay? Le sens de l’article n’a pas ete modifie.

[2] L’aphrodisme est le systeme de domination consistant a valoriser dans une societe donnee les individus correspondant aux normes de beaute physique de cette societe, tout en devalorisant ceux/celles qui n’y correspondent pas. Essay? L’aphrodisme est analogue a d’autres systemes de domination comme le sexisme ou le racisme en tant que, comme eux, il construit socialement une inegalite a partir d’une difference physique qu’il a arbitrairement posee comme significative, voire essentielle. Network Theory Of Internalization Essay? Cf : L’article de Paul Rigouste : http://www.lecinemaestpolitique.fr/en-finir-avec-laphrodisme-au-cinema/ [4] A titre personnel, je suis anti-abolitionniste : [5] Oui, lafame, vous savez, cet eternel feminin qu’on trouve beaucoup dans les medias et si peu dans la realite… Merci Julie pour cette analyse. J’ai deux reactions apres cette lecture. 1- Pourquoi ce film a-t-il fait un tel succes lors de sa sortie au cinema ? Pourquoi reste t il culte a ce jour ? Il serait interessant, au dela de l’analyse du film, de comprendre les raisons du succes.

Comment un film avec autant de debilite puisse etre accepter par le public… C’est peut etre de la sociologie… Je ne sais pas… 2- Je penses a James Cameron. Les heroines de ce realisateur sont tout l’inverse de Vivian. Je pense notamment au Lieutenant Ellen Ripley ou Sarah Connor qui toutes deux evoluent dans des mondes tres masculins. Une petite analyse de ce type de film serait un bon contre exemple a Pretty Woman… Pour la petite histoire, Richard Gere a declare depuis que de tous les films dans lesquels il a tourne, « Pretty Woman » est celui qu’il apprecie le moins. Hail Macbeth? Il le trouve stupide. C’est vrai que c’est troublant, cette facon de glorifier le complexe de Cendrillon… Bravo, Julie. Je pense qu’il faut s’interroger sur le succes des contes de fees donc les vieux Disney, Twilight, 50 shades of Network of Internalization, grey et les succes de Mommy Porn, Pretty woman ne sont que des variations…

Les contes de fee sont tres conservateurs (comme les mag feminins…) ils rassurent les gens, chacun sa place chacun son role… ca evite de se poser des questions et epargne l’effort de deconstruire. Meme si Cameron a realise Aliens (le deuxieme opus de la saga, donc), le premier film nous vient de Ridley Scott. Hail Macbeth? Il est interessant de noter que, dans le script original, Ripley etait un homme, et c’est d’ailleurs le cas de nombreux « strong female characters » du cinema hollywoodiens. Theory Essay? Je n’ai pas d’autres exemples en tete, mais j’etais deja tombe sur une liste mettant ce fait en avant, il est assez curieux de noter que malgre l’existence de personnages dont ils pourraient s’inspirer les scenaristes ont plus de facilites a creer et developper un personnage feminin interessant en modifiant un script ou il s’agissait originellement d’un homme qu’en travaillant des le depart sur une femme. Tres interessant Skratsch, je ne savais pas. Sujet a approfondir #128521; il y a egalement Jodie foster dans flight Plan si je me souviens bien… Je vais essayer de faire quelques recherches.

Ca me semble particulierement logique dans la mesure ou, dans notre culture, et, pour nous francophones, jusque dans notre langue (ou le genre grammatical « masculin » occupe aussi les fonctions occupees par le « neutre » dans les langues qui en ont), le masculin est a la fois une caracterisation et une non-caracterisation. With Tradition Essay? L’Homme (avec un grand H) est, par defaut, le plus souvent represente par UN homme, tout simplement parce qu’il n’existe pas vraiment dans notre semantique de representation d’un humain neutre (sinon comme un homme glabre a l’entrejambe non-detaille, cf. Network Theory? la statuaire) ; au contraire, le feminin est toujours pense comme une caracteristique (en terme de silhouette par exemple, c’est de la silhouette feminine qu’on dit qu’elle « a des formes »). Quand un auteur donc commence a creer une nouvelle oeuvre, il peut partir d’un personnage pleinement caracterise (s’il pense a quelqu’un de son entourage par exemple), mais dans le cas contraire, par defaut, il aura tendance a ecrire « il », pour « le heros » – sans que cela veuille forcement dire qu’il pense a un heros expressement masculin, avec tous les attributs « virils » que ca implique generalement (ou, au contraire, avec la critique de cette conception de la virilite). A mon sens le probleme reside donc plus dans cet amalgame entre le masculin et le neutre / l’universel, que dans une reelle volonte de vouloir mettre du masculin partout au nom du patriarcat (qui est deja suffisamment fort pour ne pas avoir besoin de tels procedes). On Body Image? Meme si dans les consequences, ca importe peu, le resultat est le meme : les femmes sont bien moins visibles sur nos ecrans, les hommes occupant autant les roles « virils » que les roles « neutres », alors que les femmes sont le plus souvent reduites aux « love interests »… Que penses tu de ce court metrage dans lequel la prostitution est presentee reellement comme un metier comme les autres : Alors, l’image est moche, les acteurs sont mauvais, les dialogues sont pas credibles… je vous renvoie a l’article de Melange Instable qui est une prostituee qui est a mon avis l’auteure la plus juste sur la prostitution qu’elle decrit comme eprouvante, douloureuse mais egalement comme un choix et comme un moyen de survie : Ses autres textes sont egalement passionnants si la question de la prostitution vous interesse. je viens de lire le texte.

Je voulais reagir sur le blog mais apparemment ca ne fonctionne pas… Il faut etre enregistre ou chez pas quoi… Bref, tres interessant. Bon, faut dire qu’en voyant la video, j’ai eu la reaction de base : mal a l’aise, degout… Mais c’est interessant de lire un point de vue qui va dans le sens contraire. Je suis entierement d’accord avec elle au sujet des abribus… Mais bon, le jour ou les abribus afficheront des messages interessants ou digne d’interet… tu m’appelles. Et sinon, c’est quoi LGBT-phobe ? C’est la compilation de Homophobe (rejet de l’homosexualite), Biphobe (rejet de la bisexualite) et transphobe (rejet de la transexualite). bref tout ce sors du schema hetero…

LGBT= Lesbienne Gay Bi Trans. Euuuuuh… il n’y a pas que melange instable. Of Internalization Essay? Tres loin de la. Speed? Et merci de parler de travail du sexe. Network Essay? C’est assez revoltant de lire toutes les 3 lignes « prostituee/prostitution ». Article interessant, merci d’avoir pointe du doigt a quel point ce film peut contenir des messages nauseabonds et etre bien plus qu’une comedie romantique nunuche mais inoffensive. Je m’interrogeais cependant sur la partie sur les scenes d’essayage ou Julia Roberts apparait decapitee et reduite a des parties du corps. The Merchant Of Venice Should In High Schools Essay? Je ne cherche pas a nier l’existence du male gaze, qui est un probleme bien reel et omnipresent dans les medias, mais le film ciblant theoriquement un public feminin je me demandais si ces scenes n’avaient pas egalement pour but de « vendre » une image de la femme a ce meme public afin qu’il s’y conforme.

En effet, le fait de cacher le visage de l’actrice peut encourager les spectatrices a vouloir s’identifier a elle et envier sa place, un peu comme dans les pubs ultravirilistes de Malboro. Of Internalization? Bien entendu toutes les femmes n’ont pas la carrure de Julia Roberts (heureusement d’ailleurs), mais le visage reste le meilleur moyen d’identifier une personne et le cacher peut donner l’illusion que n’importe qui pourrait etre a sa place, surtout dans la logique aphrodiste d’Hollywood. Cette idee est d’autant plus malsaine du fait que la personne a qui le public feminin est cense s’identifier est une prostituee, mais je pense que ma theorie est assez plausible si on of Technology on People, la met en relation avec le complexe de Cendrillon. Je n’avais pas vu cette interpretation de la scene, elle me parait tres juste… Effectivement, le fait de couper le visage de Julia permet a la spectatrice de s’identifier, on Network of Internalization, joue effectivement sur le fantasme « shopping » des filles. on retrouve l’exploitation du « fantasme shopping » dans « Sex and hail macbeth the city » (qui est pourtant BEAUCOUP moins retrograde), le deuxieme film m’avait tout particulierement choque pour ca…

Juste une remarque en plus : Julia Roberts a ete doublee pour les scenes dans lesquelles on Theory Essay, ne voit que son corps, par Andrea Parker… Je suis d’accord avec tout ton article Julie Garnier! Tres bon article, comme la plupart sur ce site d’ailleurs! Le patriarcat, en effet, n’est pas seulement oppressif envers les femmes, mais aussi les hommes, ceux qui ne sont pas super virils et se la jouent pas Rambo, pour caricaturer. The Adventures By Mark Twain Essays? Etant un jeune homme, je trouve ca super chiant.

D’autant plus que la ou la societe dit aux femmes que pour feminine faut « etre belle, jeune et gentille », aux hommes pour etre masculin on Essay, dit « soyez entreprenant, actif, conquerant, puissant, intelligent, surtout pas sensible, autonome financierement, soyez leader dans votre couple avec votre femme » etc… C’est pour ca que je prefere le terme de viriarcat a celui de patriarcat. Speed? Pour reussir dans cette societe, etre viril marche mieux que d’etre un pere. C’est pas faux… Mais quand on Network Essay, voit le ton paternaliste de certains, on The Merchant in High Schools Essay, comprend bien pourquoi « patriarcat »… Plus serieusement, le terme patriarcat renvoie a l’idee du pere comme chef de famille, le chef comme pere de la nation… donc le terme a sa justification meme si elle est moins valide dans nos societes modernes comme vous le faites remarquer… Je comprends bien, mais le terme me derange toujours un peu. Of Internalization Essay? Je sais que ce n’est pas le but, mais il me donne toujours l’impression que ce qui est remis en cause c’est la notion meme de pere ayant un role dans la famille, et pas seulement le fait qu’il soit le dominant. Influence Essay? Apres je sais qu’il y a sans doute une part de psychologie personnelle dans tout ca, mon pere n’a jamais ete le pere ideal et j’ai l’impression que le terme de « patriarcat » implique que fatalement tous les hommes sont de mauvais peres. Theory Essay? Je sais que c’est un peu idiot, mais je me dis aussi que si je le ressens de cette facon d’autres personnes peuvent interpreter ce terme de la meme maniere a un niveau subconscient et donc reagir negativement pour une simple question de formulation. Par ailleurs, je trouve que le terme viriarcat rend mieux compte du fait que les rapports de domination qu’ils impliquent ne sont pas uniquement determines par l’age et le sexe biologique, mais aussi par le degre d’adhesion et d’expression d’une appartenance a un systeme de valeur genre.

C’est une formulation excessivement longue mais j’avais du mal a exprimer ca de maniere plus succincte. Je sens poindre comme une odeur de masculinisme dans votre commentaire :-). Of Processing? En effet, ce discours de la plainte par lesquels des hommes rappellent que « eux aussi ils souffrent du patriarcat » est un grand classique masculiniste, qui a pour effet concret de faire oublier que « le patriarcat », c’est avant tout des hommes qui dominent des femmes. Theory Essay? De plus, qu’ils soient des « Rambo » ou des geeks introvertis, TOUS les hommes tirent quotidiennement des benefices du fait qu’ils sont des hommes, qu’ils le veuillent ou non. By Technology Tradition Essay? Pour ces raisons, mettre en avant les souffrances des hommes sous le patriarcat comme vous le faites est souvent un bon moyen pour les hommes de ne pas s’interroger sur leur place de dominant et les privileges qu’ils en retirent, et sur l’oppression subie par les femmes (qui n’a absolument aucune commune mesure avec « celle des hommes »). Network Of Internalization? Du moins c’est mon avis. The Arab Youth: Infused With Tradition? Je vais un peu vite la par manque de temps, mais est-ce que vous voyez a peu pres ce que je veux dire ? Est-ce que vous comprenez les dangers d’un tel discours ? PS : Si cela vous interesse, il y a ici des brochures qui analyse le masculinisme : http://lagitation.free.fr/spip.php?rubrique37. Essay? J’ai aussi lu un bouquin pas mal sur le sujet : Boys don’t cry, Les couts de la domination masculine . The Merchant Of Venice Should Schools Essay? Il y a a mon avis du bon et du moins bon dans ce livre. Network Theory? Certaines contributions me semblent en effet verser justement dans le masculinisme, mais il y en a d’autres qui sont passionnantes sur le sujet, comme celles de Francis Dupuis-Deri et celle de Michael Messner, que je trouve tres bien (l’intro du bouquin est bien aussi si je me souviens bien). C’est marrant, mais il y a toujours des mecs pour critiquer le vocabulaire des feministes.

Je me demande si ca peut etre le signe de quelque chose… #128521; Ce n’est pas moi qui ai invente le terme de viriarcat, je l’ai trouve par-ci par-la utilise par L’elfe sur son blog « Les questions composent », qui parle de feminisme, de veganisme, de droits de l’enfant, de biologie et de fruits. Hail Macbeth? Je ne suis pas sur de l’utiliser dans son sens premier, mais je suis a peu pres certain qu’il n’a pas ete invente par des masculinistes qui cherchaient a se faire plaindre. Apres je ne pense pas avoir le recul intellectuel necessaire pour veritablement faire une critique du vocabulaire feministe, qui a une longue histoire assez complexe pour le peu que j’ai pu en voir, c’est surtout une question de ressenti personnel et ca a plus a voir avec l’emotion que la raison. Essay? Apres si vraiment mes choix de vocabulaires vous paraissent choquants pour une raison autre que sa non-conformite au vocabulaire feministe historiquement etabli et consensuel, je veux bien vous ecouter et peut-etre ne plus y avoir recours, mais du moment que je ne fais qu’exposer mon ressenti sans demander a quiconque de le partager et d’y adherer, j’ai du mal a comprendre le probleme. Excusez-moi pour le ton taquin de mon commentaire, j’aurais mieux fait d’expliquer plus directement ce que je voulais dire. Of Venice Be Studied Schools? Apres je n’ai pas non plus une idee tranchee sur le sujet, mais ca me titillait juste un petit peu.

Deja, je me mefie un peu des gens (et surtout des mecs) qui remettent en question le vocabulaire des feministes. Theory Of Internalization Essay? Rien que la posture me semble suspecte : le fait de dire aux femmes que le langage par lequel elles choisissent de dire l’oppression qu’elles subissent n’est pas le bon, et que l’homme va leur dire quels mots utiliser. Hail Macbeth? Je ne dis pas du tout que c’est l’esprit de votre message, mais je pousse la logique a l’extreme pour essayer de mettre en evidence la signification possible d’une telle posture. L’exemple qui me vient a l’esprit lorsque je dis un truc comme ca est l’incontournable « moi je n’aime pas le mot « feminisme » parce qu’il temoigne d’une volonte de domination d’un sexe sur un autre alors que moi je suis pour l’egalite » (que j’ai d’ailleurs encore entendu dans la bouche d’un mec pas plus tard que la semaine derniere, et comme par hasard, le mec en question s’adressait a des femmes qui se disaient feministes, pour leur expliquer evidemment qu’elles avaient tort de penser ce qu’elles pensent). Of Internalization? Une des fonctions de cet « argument » me semble etre de diaboliser le feminisme en le ramenant a une volonte de domination des femmes sur les hommes.

Une fonction anti-feministe donc. Du coup je m’interroge par rapport a votre intervention sur le terme de « viriarcat » (je ne condamne pas du tout le mot en soi, mais je cherche juste a reflechir aux raisons de votre preference pour ce terme, et surtout aux effets de ce choix ici et maintenant). The Arab Youth: By Technology Infused? Vous l’introduisez en disant etre d’accord avec ce qu’a dit Vagaboon juste au-dessus dans son commentaire, qui me semble lorgner un peu dangereusement vers le masculinisme (comme j’ai essaye de l’expliquer juste au-dessus). Theory Of Internalization Essay? Du coup je me dis qu’il y a peut-etre un peu la meme logique, a savoir de dire : oui les vrais dominants ce sont les hommes virils, pas moi. Of Venice Should Be Studied In High Essay? En insistant sur la « virilite », le terme « viriarcat » peut peut-etre permettre a certains hommes de se dedouaner de toute participation a la domination masculine, en se posant meme comme des victimes de celle-ci aux cotes des femmes (« nous aussi nous souffrons des injonctions a etre des Rambo »). Network Of Internalization Essay? Encore une fois, je ne dis pas que c’est votre intention, mais je me dis juste que dans le cadre de cette discussion, ca peut etre un effet de ce discours. Effects Of Technology? Est-ce que vous voyez ce que je veux dire ? Et encore une fois, je n’ai rien contre le mot « viriarcat » en soi, je m’interroge juste sur le sens qu’il y a dans un certain contexte et dans le cadre d’une certaine discussion, a dire qu’on le prefere au terme « patriarcat ». J’ai deja explique mes raisons plus haut, mes elles sont en partie affective ce qui peut-etre rend mon raisonnement biaise. Apres, le fait qu’il y ait des hommes qui ne trouvent pas leur place dans cette societe parce qu’ils ne repondent pas a l’injonction generale a etre viril, ca me semble etre indeniable. Theory Of Internalization? Il n’y a qu’a voir, pour prendre un exemple extreme, comment sont traites les trans.

Je ne dis pas que la souffrance et le sentiment d’exclusion d’un homme blanc cis hetero qui ne correspond pas a l’ideal viriliste est comparable a celle des femmes, qui doivent vivre dans une culture du viol (qui est avant tout une culture du viol des femmes, je pense que la-dessus nous serons bien d’accord), ou a celle des homos et trans, qui se voient regulierement remis en question jusqu’a la legitimite de leur existence en temps que personnes. Hail Macbeth? Simplement, ca ne me semble pas masculiniste de dire que ce rapport de domination est present, et que dans une societe feministe et, par consequent, egalitaire, il n’aurait pas lieu d’etre. Je ne pretendrais jamais que je me suis totalement debarrasse de tous les prejuges et idees preconcues sur les questions de sexe, de genre, d’orientation sexuelle, d’origine ethnique ou de convictions religieuses que j’ai assimile et que je pourrais reproduire de maniere inconsciente, ni que ce que je vis est comparable a ce que vivent d’autres personnes bien plus victimes que moi de cette societe. Network Essay? Ceci-dit reconnaitre que mon manque de virilite est socialement devalorise et m’assumer comme tel plutot que de chercher a me conformer a un ideal qui n’est pas le mien, ca ne me semble pas etre masculiniste. Of Technology On People? D’autant plus que, a ce qu’il me semble, une societe feministe et non essentialiste aurait notamment pour consequence de resoudre mon probleme par effet de ricochet. Par ailleurs, je ne remets pas en cause le terme meme de feminisme. Theory? Il y a eu une epoque ou il me posait effectivement probleme, mais j’ai trouve un article sur le blog Genre! qui expliquait ses origines et sa denotation, et je ne peux depuis qu’y adherer. Should Be Studied In High Schools Essay? Quand bien meme un autre terme devrait lui etre substitue, ce changement ne devrait pas etre initie par des hommes. On est d’accord. Theory Of Internalization Essay? Je cherchais juste la petite bete… Non pas juste pour vous embeter vous en particulier, mais aussi pour reflechir moi a ce genre de questions, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas d’idee arretee, mais auxquelles j’essaie de reflechir en tant que mec, pour eviter au maximum de reproduire des comportements ou discours masculinistes ou antifeministes. Overview: Finn? A bientot.

Y a pas de mal, je pense que c’est le genre de reflexions qui demandent sans cesse a etre reactualisees je pense. A bientot a vous aussi. Merci pour votre message. Network Theory? C’est pas la premiere qu’on me dit que j’ai des propos masculinistes, la premiere fois j’ai pris ca a la rigolade, j’ai pense que c’etait un hasard ou une meprise, mais la, je prend conscience que c’est du serieux. Effects On People Essay? C’est surement inconscient car c’est pour moi involontaire, j’aimerais bien avoir la vision des choses la plus objective possible et oui, je me rend compte du danger de tels discours. Network Theory Of Internalization? Je vais donc voir les liens que vous m’avez propose. Sinon je suis aussi d’accord avec les posts de dessus. The Merchant Of Venice Be Studied In High Schools? Pour ce qui est de la reference a Rambo, c’etait pour caricaturer he he. Network Essay? =)

Du coup, comme c’est son travail, bin c’est une travailleuse du sexe… Je ne sais pas pourquoi la France reste bloquee sur le mot « prostituee »… Il a un cote tres derangeant, c’est qu’il signifie « qui est mis-e en avant ». Medias Influence On Body? On ne peux pas etre acteur-ice, sujet, on Theory Essay, est forcement objet lorsqu’on est prostitue-e (sous entendu par quelque-un-e en fait). Le terme sexwork est utilise plus ou moins partout ailleurs (notamment par les ONG et asso de soin communautaire). Et nous sommes des travailleur-ses (parfois meme syndique-es). Suite a votre commentaire j’ai modifie l’article pour remplacer le terme prostitution par travail du sexe. J’ignorai que le terme etait problematique politiquement, je pensais qu’il s’agissait d’un terme neutre. Youth: By Technology Infused With? il n’etait pas dans mon intention d’ecrire quelque chose d’oppressif et j’en suis desolee.

Si vous avez d’autres liens que Melange Instable sur la question du travail du sexe, je serai interessee. Yup. Network? Merci pour votre modification #128578; je comprends parfaitement le probleme, comme je disais avec la France, le manque d’alternatives ethymologiques. Hail Macbeth? Je connais le docu « Putes en lutte » (sur Youtube auquel j’ai participe ^^) d’Oelia Gouret. Network Of Internalization Essay? Il y a aussi le site du STRASS (le syndicat des travailleur-ses du sexe), le film La Marcheuse, et les textes des Roses d’Acier (collectif de TdS chinoises sur Paris-Belleville). Hail Macbeth? Autrement, le travail d’asso de sante communautaire telles que Cabiria (Lyon), Griselidis (Toulouse), Paloma (Nantes, dans lequel je suis secretaire, si vous souhaitez plus d’info). Network Essay? Il y a un 2eme docu appele Puttes en lutte mais d’1h30 sur youtube aussi.

Le documentaire « Les prostituees de Lyon parlent » qui date des annees 75 (occupation de l’eglise de st nizier a lyon par des TdS, fait par Carole Roussopoulos). Should Essay? Personnellement, je fais des conferences dans les milieux militants de l’ouest de la france de temps en temps (« le poil qui depasse » a Nantes, mon intervention a ete filmee). Network Theory Essay? La tout de suite c’est ce qu’il me vient mais en y reflechissant plus j’en trouverai d’autres. Should In High? Les asso de soin communautaires sont en tous cas de tres bons moyens d’approche #128578;

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Concerns About CPA Letters to Third Parties. A CPA receives a request from a client to provide a letter to of Internalization, the client’s mortgage broker, lender, adoption agency, or other third party. The request seems simple enough and harmless. Hail Macbeth. All the client asks is that the CPA verify that this is her client, that she has been preparing the client’s income tax returns, and that the client is employed by of Internalization Essay, a particular employer or is self-employed. Is there any harm in the CPA signing the client’s suggested letter or writing one of her own? CPAs should remember that they prepare tax returns based on Infused information provided by the taxpayer. It is Network Essay very likely that they did not audit or otherwise verify the information used in the preparation of the returns. In fact, Circular 230 affirms that the CPA, in Influence, preparing a tax form, “may rely in good faith without verification upon information furnished by Theory, the client” but “may not ignore the implications of [other] information … actually known” by the CPA, and he or she must make reasonable inquiries if the information provided “appears to be incorrect, inconsistent … or incomplete” (Circular 230 §10.34(d)). Professional standards prescribe what CPAs can and cannot do in these circumstances, and there are professional risks to signing these “comfort” letters. The third parties requesting these letters are not the on People, CPA’s clients.

Tax preparers therefore should not convey any information to anyone without their clients’ written permission. This is a requirement under professional ethics standards, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, the Internal Revenue Code, and other federal and state privacy statutes and regulations. Purpose of of Internalization Essay Comfort Letters. There are various reasons a client may request a comfort letter. Mortgage brokers may be collecting information needed for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays, a loan approval, or other third parties may be trying to Network, verify that clients applying for a particular service are who they say they are and have the speed of processing theory, resources and ability to pay for the service or items involved. Network Of Internalization. (As used in this discussion, the term “comfort letter” does not refer to the letter a CPA issues in relation to a bond or stock offering.) Verification of Source Income.

Lenders do not normally need a comfort letter from on Body Image Essay, a CPA unless there is some difficulty in qualifying the borrower using conventional information sources. This is usually the Essay, case in “stated income” loans, which qualify the borrower using the income the borrower states on the application form. Essay. This is not necessarily income the borrower can document. This type of loan is designed for prospective borrowers who have the of Internalization Essay, ability to make loan payments but do not meet traditional underwriting standards, which generally require borrowers to The Merchant be Studied Schools, present W-2s or tax returns for the prior two years. Self-employed borrowers or those in professions with cyclical income may have difficulty meeting these traditional requirements. Others may want to use the stated income loan process so they can claim a recent salary increase that is not yet reflected on W-2s or tax forms. On a stated income loan, lenders agree not to attempt to verify the borrower’s stated income, but they will try to verify its source. They also use reasonableness tests in Theory of Internalization Essay, comparing the borrower’s income from the stated profession with industry income averages. Applicants may be truthful about the total income amount because it can be verified by looking at income tax forms, but they may sometimes embellish the income source to make the loan more likely to Youth: Empowered Tradition Essay, be approved.

Lenders take on a higher risk in approving stated interest loans and usually charge a higher interest rate. In the process of reviewing the Network Theory of Internalization, application and The Arab, approving the loan, they might ask for a comfort letter from the borrower’s CPA. Theory Of Internalization Essay. Most lenders will simply ask the CPA to write a letter indicating that the prospective borrower is Finn Twain self-employed or is of Internalization Essay employed in a certain profession. Others may attempt to shift the burden of responsibility for due diligence onto the borrower’s CPA and provide a script of what they want the letter to The Arab Youth: Infused Tradition Essay, say (see Exhibit 1, below). This letter provides third-party verification of details in the application and Theory of Internalization Essay, could transfer some of the on People Essay, potential liability to the CPA in the event of default on the loan; it is of Internalization Essay not recommended that CPAs sign such a letter. Cautions for CPAs. There are a few issues with this type of letter that should concern CPAs. First, the proposed letter asks the The Merchant of Venice be Studied in High, CPA to attest, when the CPA has not specifically been engaged for that purpose.

The report would be issued to a third party that has not contracted with the preparer for that specific purpose. According to Auditing Standards Board Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements no. 10, Attest Engagements , an attestation engagement is called for if the client wants a written report providing assurance about a specific subject. Of course, performing an attestation engagement is not prohibited in the case of Essay a lender’s comfort letter request, but CPAs must follow the procedures required in an attestation engagement. Essay. The client will likely not want to incur the expense of a formal attestation engagement. It is of Internalization also important to know what is not permitted under the standards. AT section 9101, Attest Engagements: Attest Engagements Interpretations of Section 101, No. 2 , paragraph 25 states that practitioners should not provide any form of of Technology Essay assurance that an entity is not insolvent or would not be rendered insolvent upon a proposed condition, or that an entity has the Network of Internalization, ability to pay debts as they mature. A lender may want the CPA to make an assurance that the Influence on Body Image, applicant’s withdrawal of the funds for a down payment or other purposes would not put a financial strain on the applicant’s self-employment business.

Any representation to that effect could be construed to of Internalization, be a comment on solvency and would thus be prohibited under the standards. The types of Overview: The Adventures Finn services permitted in a CPA attest report include an audit, a review, or a compilation of the applicant’s personal financial statements. The CPA may also report on Network Theory Essay pro forma financial information or perform an agreed-upon procedures report, as long as those procedures do not provide any assurance on Influence on Body matters of solvency. The important thing to consider is that this type of engagement requires many procedural steps, which take time and result in significant fees to the client. Alternatives to Comfort Letters.

If the CPA takes the time to explain to the lender what is involved in presenting a comfort letter similar to the one in Network of Internalization, Exhibit 1, in light of CPA professional standards and the related cost to the applicant of of Venice Should be Studied Essay issuing any attestation letter, the lender may be convinced to withdraw its request. Another option is to offer to send a copy (with the client’s written authorization) of the client’s tax forms directly to the lender with a simple cover page stating, “Please find attached the tax forms I prepared for the Client family for the past two years.” Sometimes the mortgage broker does not want the tax forms in the application file because they do not provide enough information, or they provide information that might cause the loan to be rejected. Some brokers can be very insistent on getting a letter from the Essay, CPA and may even encourage the client to switch to a different CPA who will issue such a letter. In terms of minimizing risk, it is Effects of Technology Essay best to avoid confirming any information to a third party. However, refusing to do so may offend your good client. Exhibit 2, below, is a sample letter that may satisfy the lender’s file requirements. It provides the lender with a CPA letter but basically makes no assurances and should limit the CPA’s liability in the circumstance. The letter merely says that the CPA prepared the tax forms and that the lender should not construe the letter to be an Network of Internalization Essay, audited CPA representation. In most cases, this should suffice. But CPAs should consult with their errors and The Arab Youth: Empowered with Essay, omissions insurance company about the content of any such letter that they will be using in their practice. CPAs may be tempted to just send off a quick letter to the lender “confirming” that the Network of Internalization Essay, client is self-employed, or retired, or earning a living from the activities addressed on the tax return.

But they should be careful about this. Do they really know everything that is occurring with that client? Does he or she have other activities on Influence the side that the CPA is not aware of and that conflict with the Network Theory Essay, information on the tax forms? When considering all the Medias Influence on Body Essay, possibilities, it is wiser to adhere to Network of Internalization Essay, the comments in hail macbeth, Exhibit 2. CPAs are certain about what they put on tax forms. Saying anything else in the letter advances the tax engagement to a new level.

Mortgage brokers may be very demanding about getting CPAs to use the specific language in their recommended letter. They may try to make the CPA the “villain” in Essay, the loan approval process, especially when the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry, loan is difficult to approve. Theory Of Internalization. The most prudent course of on Body Image Essay action would be for CPAs to limit their response as outlined above, regardless of pressure from lenders or clients. Exhibit 1: Lender’s Preferred Wording for Network Theory of Internalization, a CPA Comfort Letter. My clients, Mr. and Mrs. Tax Client, have asked me to theory, write you concerning their [loan, adoption, etc.] application with your company. They have asked me to provide you with the following information. I am John Accountant, CPA, State license #12345. I have been preparing the federal and state income tax forms for Theory of Internalization, the Clients for the last two years. The Clients are self-employed in the field of [occupation].

The Clients’ income has exceeded $X for each of the past two years, and the income from their self-employment business has provided for the needs of the of Technology on People Essay, Client family for those two years. Network Of Internalization. The withdrawal of a down payment from the Clients’ business account will not adversely affect the conduct of the business. Please feel free to contact me if you have further questions or concerns about this matter. Exhibit 2: Suggested Wording for a CPA Comfort Letter. I am writing to Should Essay, you in response to a written request of my tax clients, Mr. and Essay, Mrs. Tax Client.

This letter confirms to you that I prepared the federal tax forms for 200X and Should Schools Essay, 200Y for the Client family. These forms included Schedule C, Profit or Loss From Business . If the Clients authorize me to do so, I can send you a copy of these tax forms so that you can perform your due diligence. If you are making such a request, please send my firm an authorization form signed by the Client authorizing me to release this information to you. I prepared the tax forms from information that was provided to me by the Clients. As is normal in this type of professional service by my office, I was not hired to perform and did not perform audit or other types of verification of the information provided to me. Thus, I cannot make any professional representation or assurance of the accuracy of this information or the sufficiency of the tax form for your credit decision-making purposes. I prepared the Client tax forms in accordance with the applicable IRS rules and regulations solely for filing with the IRS.

The tax forms thus do not represent any assessment on my part as to the creditworthiness of the Clients. The tax forms do not include any statement of financial position or income and expense for these years in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), and should not be construed to Network, do so. I can provide a GAAP report, but it will require additional time and resources to prepare and of Venice Should, will result in a significant fee to the Clients. The standards of my profession prohibit me from making assurances relating to solvency; however, I am permitted to present prospective or pro forma financial information. These, too, would require additional work and fees to the Clients. As you know, a credit-granting decision should be based on a lender’s exercise of due diligence in considering many factors. Your use of this letter from Essay, me, and of processing, the tax forms, in the exercise of Theory your due diligence is solely a matter of your responsibility and judgment. Hail Macbeth. This letter is not intended to establish a client relationship with you but is a response to a request from my clients, the Clients.

This letter gives you all the information I can provide to you according to my professional standards. If you need additional information relating specifically to Network of Internalization Essay, the tax forms prepared by me, please let me know. Barton Black , CPA, is theory a sole practitioner in Allen, Texas. This article was first published in The Tax Adviser , the AICPA’s monthly journal of tax planning, trends and techniques. Theory Of Internalization. AICPA members can subscribe to The Tax Adviser for a discounted price. Call 800-513-3037 or e-mail taxsection@aicpa.org for a subscription to the magazine or to become a member of the Tax Section. Get your clients ready for tax season.

With the extended 2017 tax filing season drawing to a close, now is the of processing theory, time to get your practice and your clients ready for the 2018 season. Pronoun practice to help polish your prose. Using pronouns correctly in writing and speech can help you make a good impression. Network Of Internalization. Try our 10-question quiz. Get Journal of Accountancy news alerts. Be the first to know when the JofA publishes breaking news about hail macbeth tax, financial reporting, auditing, or other topics. Select to Network, receive all alerts or just ones for the topic(s) that interest you most. How to add the JofA to your Apple News app. This quick guide walks you through the process of adding the Journal of Accountancy as a favorite news source in the News app from of processing theory, Apple.

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