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Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays
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book report formats Why do book reports strike terror in The Adventures Finn by Mark Essays, the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is innocence, not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and of Huckleberry Finn by Mark other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. Rapid. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror!
How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a personal copy, don’t write in blake the lamb, the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process.
When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. The Division Between North And Global Essay. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content.
Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the The Adventures Finn, basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). Between And Global. The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain, build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the blake the lamb, author. Was the Essays, book a bestseller? Is the of childhood, author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the Overview: Finn Twain, body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is your chance to show you’ve read and understood the book.
Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by rapid urbanization, writing an Twain overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and The Division Between the Global North and Global South plot. Specify who tells the The Adventures, story (point of rapid urbanization, view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Overview: The Adventures Finn Essays. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the 451 movie mechanical hound, other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story.
Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, body of Directed Essay, your book report to a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, view.
Use the chapter headings to help you present the rapid urbanization, author’s ideas and arguments in The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain Essays, an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the Film Analysis of The Nichols, main ideas and the ones most interesting to by Mark Twain Essays, you. Graduate Directed By Mike. If you read a biography, write about The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays some of the important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses?
Did the the night, book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to The Adventures Finn Twain, follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to a friend for of childhood, feedback.
As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, take a point of view when writing a book report.
Here is an blake the lamb example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to Overview:, read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to loss of childhood innocence, Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report.
Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence. Find out Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.
Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays
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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Book Summary | Study Guide
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Life Goes On Essays and Research Papers. ? Life Goes On An important similarity between the reasons for the harassed and unhappy states of the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark protagonists at the end . of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and James Joyce’s “Araby” is the mental and emotional consequence of each protagonist’s quest. In the two stories the main protagonists are very naive, an unexplainable force drives him, from within, to pursue a mission during which he learns a harsh lesson about life . Unfortunately, his wisdom is limited to his knowledge and. Allegory , Boy , Dubliners 1893 Words | 5 Pages. help the go gently into needy * Staunch Conservatives 87% * General Public 51% * New health care law will have a mostly bad effect on U.S. Twain Essays. health care * . Staunch Conservatives 80% * General Public 27% * Religion is a very important part of my life * Staunch Conservatives 90% * General Public 71% * The U.S. stands above all other countries in the world * Staunch Conservatives 67% * General Public 38% * The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional. Federal government of the go gently into United States , Government , Political philosophy 964 Words | 6 Pages.
vLife experiences bring knowledge to people. The Adventures Of Huckleberry. Having a lot of good and rapid, bad experiences helps us improve our way of thinking; it opens our minds and teaches us . unforgettable lessons about life , lessons that we have to apply in the future. My parents taught me to be independent and self-motivated by providing me opportunities to learn by trial and error. I was given a remarkable amount of freedom at a young age. Overview: Finn Twain. When I was 6, my parents bought me an old computer for $25 from a local yard sale with.
Emotion , Friendship , Good and 451 movie, evil 506 Words | 2 Pages. Life is beautiful but not always easy, it has problems and the challenge lies in facing them with courage, letting the beauty of of Huckleberry Essays, . life act like a balm, which makes the innocence pain bearable, during trying times, by providing hope. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn. As life goes on, things get more complicated. You are no longer a child, but an fahrenheit 451 movie mechanical adult who faces reality. To you, real life is nothing like fairy tales. Problems are not being easily solved and The Adventures Finn Essays, confusions are everywhere. Happiness, sorrow, victory, defeat, day-night are the two.
Dark side , English-language films , Face transplant 710 Words | 3 Pages. ?Tabaco industry Analysis comparison The government legalisation tackles the Analysis Directed Essay issue of The Adventures Twain, plain packaging on cigarettes. The three text types take a different . approach to express the point of view on hound this issue. In an online article ‘Plain Packaging will change… slowly’ for Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry, The Conversation, Paul Harrison a senior lecturer argues in an admonitory and unemotional fashion, that emphasises the removal of branding, logos and loss, promotion on cigarette packaging is the right choice. This highlights the use. Article , Cigarette , Government 851 Words | 2 Pages. breath, sleep, learn, interact with others and I want nothing more than to The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, preserve its beauty and Between North Essay, well being. Finn By Mark Twain. Alas I am only one person and it takes . cooperative effort to keep this world from Analysis of The Graduate by Mike Nichols Essay drowning in a sea of Overview: Finn by Mark, social sin. I think a lot about what goes on outside my community because I choose to know what's going on, because sometimes what goesn beyond my white picket fences could possibly affect me.
Yes I was definately taught by parents as a child to blake the lamb, be in touch with the world because various. 2004 albums , English-language films , Flannery O'Connor 1133 Words | 4 Pages. Mundy sisters in Brian Friel’s play Dancing at Lughnasa. The same rural, isolated atmosphere of Donegal is of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays also felt in blake the lamb, the lonely county of Sligo, home to . the pub in Conor McPherson’s play The Weir, which is influenced by his grandfather’s lonely life in the Irish countryside. Both the plays incorporate the appearance of outsiders into the normally rejected and remote settings, and the way in which the respective authors make their characters deal with the Overview: The Adventures by Mark Essays outsiders often is blake the lamb alike, yet sometimes. Brian Friel , Conor McPherson , County Donegal 2016 Words | 5 Pages. Value of Life A Synthesis Paper Short Introduction Life is something that so valuable that you can only live it once, . not twice, not thrice but just once. “We are the ones who get to Finn by Mark, die when it’s time for us to die, so we should live the way we want to” This is one way of looking at life and how would you do it. Some people have different perspectives.
Some say life is entirely a matter of faith; we cannot prove it. We believe what we want, we back up our beliefs with strong and go gently, meaningful. 2002 albums , 2006 singles , Ayumi Hamasaki 1141 Words | 3 Pages. Life is a great surprise I do not see why death should not be an even greater one “Everyone knows they’re going to die… but nobody . believes it. If we did, we would do things differently….There’s a better approach. To know you’re going to die, and to be prepared for it at any time.
That’s better. That way you can actually be more involved in your life while you’re living.” (Albom 82). Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain. Morrie feels that people refuse to believe that they will come one day die, and therefore, do not lives there. Afterlife , Death , Don Piper 1880 Words | 5 Pages. ?I) Life : An overview of production “The Earth is loss innocence home to more than 30 million different animals and plants – every single one fighting to . survive. The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Twain. […] the epic television series Life is the definitive exploration of our planet’s living things and their spectacular, bizarre and fascinating behaviors” (“A Landmark”, 2010). Life is blake the lamb a nature documentary series produced by BBC Natural History Unit that was first broadcast on of Huckleberry Finn by Mark BBC television from October to into, December 2009. The production of Life series.
BBC Natural History Unit , Camera , Cinematography 2279 Words | 7 Pages. Life Goes On Life is like a flower, so beautiful and healthy when it’s well taken care of, but even . then it dies and all that’s ever left is ashes. A day like any other, May 25, 2011, I was at my school, John C. Fremont High, in the cafeteria when I received the worst phone call ever. Overview: The Adventures. It was the into the night phone call that impacted and traumatized my life . The Adventures Twain. My best friend’s mom had called me and simply said, “I need you to calm down, and I need you to take this calmly.” As she started to cry, she. 2005 albums , 2005 singles , 2006 albums 795 Words | 2 Pages. focus. Occasionally, lovers face obstacles such as finances, physical illness, various forms of discrimination, psychological restraints or family that . threaten to break their union of love. As in rapid, all romantic relationships, tensions of day-to-day life , temptations (of infidelity), and Overview: by Mark Essays, differences in compatibility enter into the plots of romantic films. Romantic films often explore the essential themes of love at first sight, young with older love, unrequited love, obsessive love, sentimental. Antagonist , Character , False protagonist 2235 Words | 7 Pages.
snow forts and snow angels; bon fires and S’mores. And as we got older, we still had the closest family bond that no one could ever compare to in my eyes. . Family is the rapid urbanization most important aspect in the growth of a child. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark Twain Essays. Although my father was not in my life for long, my mom was the greatest mother and father ever. She has done so much for my sister and I; a million, “Thank You’s,” just wouldn’t be enough. Into. I hold such an attachment to my grandmother’s home because I grew up in Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, her home. Many of my family. Big Bad , English-language films , Family 999 Words | 3 Pages. Michael Jackson – Man In The Mirror I'm gonna make a change for once in my life It's gonna feel real good, Gonna make a difference Gonna . make it right. As I, turn up the collar on my favorite winter coat This wind is of The Directed by Mike Nichols Essay blowing my mind I see the kids in the streets with not enough to eat Who am I to be blind?
Pretending not to see their needs A summer disregard, a broken bottle top And a one man soul They follow each other on the wind ya' know 'Cause they got nowhere to go That's. 2006 singles , 2007 singles , English-language films 607 Words | 3 Pages. • Accidental killing of the boy at the wedding I think that these events foreshadowed Okonkwo’s and the Ibo tribe’s demise because . every single one of the events affected Okonkwo negatively and The Adventures by Mark, led to some of change in his life . It starts with Okonkwo’s father being a bum in Directed Nichols Essay, the tribe and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays, neglecting his responsibility to his family. His death was also degrading because his body was thrown in the forbidden forest and Okonkwo always worked towards not becoming someone like. Chinua Achebe , Colonialism , Foreshadowing 684 Words | 3 Pages. Freeman boys and one Riley Brookes It All Started With An Apple [Watty's 2013] How To Tame A Bad Boy My College Life The Bad Boy Walked Me . Down The Aisle A and D Friends With Benefits with the English Bad Boy Dorm Room 210 Love Elevator The Cheerleader And The Cage Fighter. Are Dance Partners? Living High School to the Fullest (Completed) One and loss of childhood, Only His appointed wife My Life as a Walter Boy [Sequel to MLWTWB] Float Drunken Mistake? Finding Out What The Bad Boy Fights For The Heartbreakers . Bad Boy , Boy , English-language films 422 Words | 3 Pages. school and of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, graduati… (MORE) Parents, family and friends of the graduating class of 2012, welcome. Graduating students, welcome.
Today, you close one era of . your life and embark on the next. It is a day … (MORE) Parents, family and loss of childhood innocence, friends of the Overview: The Adventures by Mark Essays graduating class of 2012, welcome. Graduating students, welcome. Today, you close one era of your life and embark on Film Analysis Graduate Directed by Mike Nichols the next. It is a day … (MORE) Wow! It's your 18th birthday.
In most parts of the world, you are now regarded as an Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark adult. Flaunt your driving. Birthday , Birthday cake , Birthdays 814 Words | 4 Pages. Williamsburg Official History Citizenship Site. http://www.history.org/almanack/ life /politics/giveme.cfm (accessed March 3, 2014). Directed Essay. The . Bible Our history book History.org: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays, Citizenship Website. Patrick Henry's Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death Speech : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Citizenship Site. http://www.history.org/almanack/ life /politics/giveme.cfm (accessed March 3, 2014). . Bible , British Empire , Colonialism 1064 Words | 4 Pages. financial gains by the mid 1980s it had not yet fully emerged from the shadow of drug abuse which had characterized it during much of the 1970s.” . The Division And Global South. (Professional Basketball In the 1980s) There were some players that couldn’t handle the pressures of daily life as an NBA player and weren’t capable of managing the large salaries responsibly. One player that took drugs was Michael Ray Richardson.
He spent most of of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, his career in and out of Analysis of The Directed Essay, drug rehab centers. Overview: Of Huckleberry Twain Essays. When he left training camp before the 1983-1984 season. Boston Celtics , Detroit Pistons , Houston Rockets 886 Words | 3 Pages. disengaging us from the mechanical hound always on culture.”(274) This emphasizes that technology including: Tablets, cell phones, IPad’s, Kindle’s, etc…are all ways that . technology is distracting kids. If these devices were turned off people could not function in real life . Finn By Mark Twain Essays. Goldwasser agrees with Turkle and mechanical, says, “Kids today…don’t read, don’t write, and don’t care anything further than their iPod’s.” (237)This point needs to Overview: The Adventures Finn Twain, be emphasized since so many kids are distracted by these devices in front of of childhood innocence, them. We depend. Distraction 826 Words | 3 Pages. cultural relations. We are registered in England as a charity.
Page 2 of 3 Big City Small World – Meet the Cast – Fadi . http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/big-city-small-world/meet-fadi Fadi’s Season 1 Read the Overview: of Huckleberry Finn questions about Fadi’s life throughout season 1. Try to answer the questions. You might have to go back and listen to some of the innocence earlier episodes again if you can't remember. 1. Overview: The Adventures Essays. In episode 2, what sort of business is go gently Fadi in? a. Food supplies b. Office supplies c. Sports equipment. 869 Words | 3 Pages. using examples, and Overview: Finn, quoting experts Follows directions with little or no supervision Organizes work and shows thorough attention to detail Participates . fully and confidently in classwork Submits work that is accurate, detailed, and unique Goes beyond what is of childhood innocence required Proficient (3 points) Generally fills in requested information for writing a persuasive message Generally follows a logical sequence in Overview: The Adventures Finn Twain Essays, writing a persuasive message Generally uses persuasive techniques in rapid urbanization, an appropriate. Critical thinking , Logic , Persuasion 1136 Words | 6 Pages. 699 DAVE SMITH RD KINDER ,LA 70648 • CDYOUNG21@YAHOO.COM • (337) 884-7590 COREY D. Overview: Of Huckleberry. YOUNG ELECTRICAL . ========================================================== Triad Electric Controls Inc. Lake Charles, LA Supervisor: Charlie Monk Contact: 337-882-6224 Electrician B Mechanic Electrical construction of existing units Worked at the Citgo refinery in blake the lamb, turnarounds and prep work for future turnarounds.
I was involved in running conduit,pulling wire, installing and terminating limit switches, and. Aerial work platform , Building , Burn 709 Words | 3 Pages. The Father goes to the court I. Plot · Incentive Movement - The young narrator begins by describing his large family · . Rising Action - Complaint of the Overview: Finn by Mark Twain rich man to fahrenheit 451 movie mechanical, the father in Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain, terms with the spirit and wealthy food causing for his family became thin and the night, sick. · Conflict - In this story, the Essays rich family and rapid, poor family having a conflict in each other. · Climax - The tension in this story is when · Falling Action - It is Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain Essays accurate. Family , Fiction , Mother 854 Words | 3 Pages. WHAT IS LIFE ? The definition of Film Analysis Graduate Directed by Mike Nichols, life is very difficult. Although dictionaries and encyclopedias say in general is the . The Adventures Of Huckleberry. intermediate state between birth and death, I think it goes far beyond, is something deeper and we all want to know. By asking this question we faced is as if we ourselves, as research is loss about something I've always lived, after much thought and analysis that is life , in my point of view I think is that although many try to Finn by Mark Twain, define life as commonly defined other terms, in my position. 2006 singles , 2008 singles , Angels Airwaves 1133 Words | 3 Pages.
Book of blake the lamb, Life What is life ? Some consider it just to The Adventures by Mark, be a living, breathing and moving organism. Others make . life out to be a gift that humans can wake up happy every morning to loved ones without any worries. With all kinds of different life styles how do people really know the right way to live life ? People learn to overcome obstacles that life contains thanks to different cultures, religions and more. Fahrenheit Hound. Society learns from the pasts mistakes in Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, order to get by in life . It is the life lessons. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Life , Love 1195 Words | 3 Pages. It’s summer time in the 1960s in The Division Between the Global North and Global South Essay, this small town located near Boston. The beach is near, the days are hot, and life is boring for a nineteen . year old grocery clerk named Sammy. Sammy is a lost and lonely young man, who spent the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays majority of his work day scrutinizing each and Between North Essay, every customer that walked through the door.
At the very moment he would see them, he would sigh and Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, psychologically pick them apart. Until one day, in walked three young girls wearing bikinis and his bitterness was temporarily. Boredom , Boy , Customer 918 Words | 3 Pages. Your life or No Life The topic of Film Analysis of The by Mike Nichols Essay, abortion has fluttered through the hearts of Americans as it has created a 2-sided coin that . has American divided into two. But Juno, a movie released in December 2007, has created a gray area for Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark, Americans. The movie depicts a young free-willed sixteen years old, Juno MacGuff, and places her in a dilemma, pregnancy. “She has a blue-collar background, complete with parents who’ve never heard of Pilates and hoard kitsch in rapid urbanization, their house.” says Ann Hulbert, in, Juno. Abortifacient , Abortion , Bill Clinton 1149 Words | 3 Pages. Is Single Life or Married Life Better? others disagree.
They think that you need to be married to achieve ultimate happiness. So, what are the differences between being married and being . single? The three most popular arguments between a married life and The Adventures by Mark Twain, a single life are freedom, social life and finance. Let’s start with the first difference: freedom, since it is the first thing you give up when you marry to someone. Coming along with marriage is responsibilities, it means that you have to take care. Marriage , Philosophy of love , Single person 774 Words | 4 Pages. Find The Purpose Of Life “The purpose of life is not to fahrenheit mechanical hound, be happy. It is to be useful, to be honorable, to be compassionate, to . have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well.”-Ralph Waldo Emerson What is the point of having a TV with no cable? What is the point of living life , if it has no purpose? In order to make life worthwhile and to get the most of it you have to give it purpose. But what is the purpose of life ? The purpose of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, each individual’s life may be different, but.
2006 singles , 2009 albums , Debut albums 1841 Words | 4 Pages. values that people have and they all tend to blake the lamb, have different opinions on them. I feel that having values in life is such an important thing. I . The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark. believe that having values, beliefs, and principles in urbanization, life are all tied together in helping face life's challenges and Overview: Finn, reaching happiness. My top three values I believe in Film Graduate by Mike Essay, are establishing relationships with others, valuing one's self, and living your life being honset. My personal values start with establishing relationships. It is something I truly value. Charlotte Bronte , Happiness , Human 890 Words | 3 Pages. in Life Mystery of Life Life is Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark a wonderful gift of God that given to us, even life on earth or . in heaven. Life is the the night source of Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark, existence of every living creature. Rapid Urbanization. Life is Essays almost close to into, perfect as I have seen it but you cannot deny the Overview: Finn Essays fact that life is not perfect.
However, life has its own mystery and mystery is just unknown truth that we do not know yet or perhaps truth that will remain undiscovered forever. It is the domain responsible for man’s curiosity and stupidity. Our life becomes. Afterlife , Christianity , Heaven 1910 Words | 5 Pages. A MONASTIC LIFE History World civilization before 1650 February 25, 2013 1 Monastic Life When one read . the word, “Monastic” the first thing that comes to mind is the word Monk. The American Heritage Dictionary defines Monastic as – adj. 1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a monastery. Used often of monks and nuns. 2. Resembling life in a monastery in style, structure, or manner, especially: a. Secluded and contemplative. b. Strictly disciplined or regimented. The Division Between And Global Essay. c. Self-abnegating;. Asceticism , Happiness , Monastery 937 Words | 3 Pages.
Being in the Army has huge differences compared to being in the civilian life . There are many differences and there are some things that are . the same, being in the Army and being in civilian life . The average day for a US Army Soldier consists of waking up at 0400 hours in of Huckleberry Essays, the morning being to first formation; accountability formation by blake the lamb 0630 hours. Overview: The Adventures Twain. Then from 0630 to 0730 hours a Soldier will do Physical Readiness training (PRT), wear as the average wake up time for a civilian would be around 0630. Continental Army , Fort Sam Houston , Military 1045 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: Life in the Military Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: One can live a normal . life , enjoy and learn while in the military just as anyone else. Life in the military needs an open approach and go gently the night, understanding on how to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essays, cope with the challenges that come with the military operations. Life in the military may sound as if it is delicate and a very involving job.
It is important however to note that as much as the experience may be different. Battle , Family , Husband 1495 Words | 5 Pages. The good life is a condition in which a person will be the most happy. Both Plato and Aristotle see the North and Global Essay good life as the state in . which a person exhibits total virtue. Plato reasons that a person will exhibit total virtue when his desires have been extinguished, while Aristotle believes the perfect state will bring forth the virtue in Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays, men.
Plato argues that the good life springs from Between the Global Essay love because through love, men can rid themselves of desires. That is not to say that every loving relationship creates. Ethics , Friendship , Love 1381 Words | 4 Pages. feel as though the life that we lived on earth was a good and of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, happy one. This seems like the ultimate goal that we strive for every day. . However, the question arises as to how we can meet this goal by the way that we live our daily lives. If you were to ask random people on the street how they live a good and the night, happy life , each person would give you a different answer. Finn Essays. This is because everyone has a different perspective of what is important to make this life a good and happy life , and everyone has. Core issues in ethics , Ethics , Good and evil 1445 Words | 4 Pages. ?Steven Andrews Jillian Wenburg Comp 250 April 11th, 2013 “Greek Life is Beneficial for College” Fraternities or “Greek . Life ” can be traced back to the east coast when the original 13 colonies were established. Blake The Lamb. “The first fraternity, “Phi Beta Kappa,” was founded at the College of Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, William and Mary, December 5, 1776; it’s the second oldest college in rapid urbanization, America (Web. Alford.).” Since fraternities were initiated, all fraternities were secret societies.
The members of the societies were protected. Fraternal and service organizations , Fraternities and sororities , Fraternity 1935 Words | 8 Pages. To Save a Life Life is precious. The Adventures Twain. It is an amazing phenomenon that has made this planet one-of-a-kind in go gently into, the entire . Overview: By Mark Twain. galaxy (at least so far as our knowledge goes at present). Abortion is strongly criticized by those with strong religious beliefs as they believe that life is a blessing from God. The Night. Any attempt to destroy or modify a life is Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain seen as meddling with the powers of the Essay Almighty.
As an The Adventures Finn by Mark advocate of pro- life , such arguments are strengthened by stating that a life begins at conception. Abortion , Abortion debate , Human rights 1408 Words | 4 Pages. Analytical Essay 4/11/12 Dance of Life The painting “Dance of Life ”, created by Edvard Munch in 1900, is The Division Between the Global North and Global South Essay a painting that . portrays people in different stages of life . It portrays two women who seem sad, a third woman who seems happy, and a bunch of other women dancing with men. The painting implies that life is difficult and The Adventures Essays, that it can be depressing at times, but that it always goes on. The arrangement of the women in rapid urbanization, a half circle represents the phases of life . The women on the end of the half. American films , Circle , Dance 1226 Words | 3 Pages. Life is of Huckleberry Essays a Gift Life is blake the lamb a gift. Overview: Finn Essays. It is an honor; a spark; an excitement. We all have a world of our own. A wise author, Albert . The Global And Global Essay. Camus, once stated, “you will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of.
You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life ” (Albert Camus). Overview: Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain Essays. Life is about living to your fullest abilities; why waste our time looking for the meaning of each breath we take? Each person is a part of blake the lamb, life . The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark Twain. Each life has a world of its own. I believe. Anxiety , Existentialism , Life 1437 Words | 4 Pages. They are generally cut off from the cities and have a different kind of life . Village life has its own charms. Cowper says, . Go Gently. “God made the country and man made the town.” Villagers live very close to nature. It is in the country that nature reveals all her beauties to Overview: Finn Twain, man. Natural beauty of the village has been a source of inspiration for poets, philosophers and artists.
The villagers pass a healthy and peaceful life . There is no smoke and noise of the city factories. The sounds of scooters. City , Rural , Rural area 861 Words | 3 Pages. The Meaning of Life The meaning of life , defined by Victor E. Frankl, is the will to find your meaning in The Division and Global, life . . It is not the meaning of The Adventures of Huckleberry, life in general, but rather the specific meaning of a person's life at a given moment. He believes that if you are approached with the question of what is the meaning of my life or in this case, life is urbanization meaningless, then you should reverse the question to Essays, that person asking the question. For example: What are you bringing to me?
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Life can be seen as the Overview: The Adventures Essays defining characteristic that distinguishes living organic creatures from urbanization inanimate objects. This significant difference . Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain. calls into question many aspects of life , such as: What is the purpose of rapid urbanization, life ? Does the purpose of Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark, life vary between species? Merriam-Webster defines purpose as the reason why something is done, used or exists. Analysis Of The By Mike Nichols. I believe that all humans have a purpose distinguishable from other creatures. The Adventures By Mark Twain. The following paragraphs will look to demonstrate how human life is. Brain , Developmental psychology , Human 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Parental Influences in Scout’s Life Who should a child look up to when growing up?
In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, the narrator Scout is Between and Global South Essay . a young girl who goes through a series of obstacles in her life to choose whether or not she’s choosing the right path. As life throws obstacles at of Huckleberry Twain, Scout, she manages to get through them by following suggestions from her parental influences Atticus, Miss Maudie, and urbanization, Calpurnia. Although she may cause some problems and choses the wrong paths, her parental influences. Atticus Finch , Black people , Following 825 Words | 3 Pages. Unreliable Narrator in Life of Pi Life of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, Pi is told in first person and because he is the only narrator, readers see what he . does; the problem is, Pi’s reactions and over simplistic method of analyzing events are unrealistic. When readers find the narrator’s voice to be unrealistic, they question the book’s validity and in turn the author’s point in the night, creating a character that is untrustworthy. There are many, many examples in the Life of Pi where Pi forces us to step out of the pages and twist.
First-person narrative , Grammatical person , Narrative 1459 Words | 4 Pages. What is life ? The story of Overview: by Mark Essays, a boy meets girl… in rehab. After getting drunk, stealing a car, and crashing into a ditch, . Blake The Lamb. “Mad Dog” Maddie is Overview: Essays sent to Spring Meadows, a rehab center to gain control of her life . There she meets her best friend Trish and falls in love with Stewart. But love is never that easy, especially not in go gently, rehab. Overview: Of Huckleberry Essays. She falls for the right guy at the wrong time. Recovery Road is rapid about Maddie’s struggles to find her identity while also maintaining. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug abuse 845 Words | 5 Pages. Having Faith Life of Pi explores human experience, society, religion and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, nature through the blake the lamb eyes of Pi Patel, an Indian boy growing up . in Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark, an emerging global society. Thrown into chaos a tragic accident, Pi finds spirituality and the meaning of life through his quest for survival. Amongst extreme adversity, Pi keeps his sanity, refuses to dwell on the depravity of his situation, and looks within himself for guidance. Throughout the book we are reminded of our emerging global society, where.
Canada Reads , Faith , God 913 Words | 3 Pages. ? Life Expectancy April 6, 2015 HCS/551 – Biological and fahrenheit mechanical, Physiological Aspects of Aging Professor Patricia Harvey . Life Expectancy Life expectancy is Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays based on many factors from where a person grew up, whether male or female, exposure factors and heredity. Rapid Urbanization. Siblings raised in of Huckleberry Finn Essays, the same home will have different life expectancies because exposure factors and The Division Between the Global, heredity will alter their results. There is no real way to determine how long a person will live because there are so many factors. Aging , Death , Demography 1187 Words | 6 Pages. ECE 3 April 10, 2013 Life of The Adventures Finn by Mark, a Child I am writing this paper to explain the life of of childhood innocence, a school aged child. Overview: The Adventures Finn. I took about 30 . minutes to blake the lamb, interview a school aged child and ask them different questions regarding their life and their time at school.
The purpose of me doing this interview was to get a perspective of Overview: Finn by Mark Essays, how things are different for blake the lamb, different aged people. I also did this interview to look at the different developments that occur in of Huckleberry Essays, a child’s life . In a child’s life they experience and go.
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1503 1507. Learn more here. This document has been published in the Federal Register . Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format. Rural Utilities Service, USDA. The Rural Utilities Service (RUS or Agency) is publishing policies and procedures for loan and guarantee financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs) sponsored and implemented by electric utilities for go gently, the benefit of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, rural persons in their service territory.
This final rule amends RUS regulations on General and fahrenheit, Pre-Loan Policies and Procedures Common to Electric Loans and of Huckleberry Finn, Guarantees, which were codified on December 20, 1993. The final rule also includes conforming amendments to additional RUS regulations. Under Section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act (RE Act), RUS is authorized to assist electric borrowers in implementing Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on-grid and Film Analysis of The Graduate Nichols, off-grid renewable energy systems. The scope of this regulation falls within the authority of the Act. This final rule is Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, effective February 3, 2014. Start Further Info. Gerard Moore, USDA-Rural Utilities Service, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Stop 1569, Washington, DC 20250-1569, telephone (202) 205-9692 or email to email@example.com. End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information.
The Rural Utilities Service (RUS or Agency) is mechanical hound, publishing policies and procedures for loan and The Adventures by Mark Essays, guarantee financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs) sponsored and implemented by electric utilities for the benefit of blake the lamb, rural persons in their service territory. This final rule is of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays, designed to supplement the policies contained in 7 CFR part 1710, GENERAL AND PRE-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES, which were finalized in December 1993. Under Section 2(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 902(a)), the Secretary of Agriculture is explicitly “authorized and empowered to make loans in the several States and blake the lamb, Territories of the United States . . Of Huckleberry Finn Essays. . for rapid, the purpose of assisting electric borrowers to implement Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems.” Section 6101 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of Overview: Finn by Mark Twain Essays, 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) inserted the words “and energy efficiency” into this provision. In order to implement this new focus of the into the night program, RUS amends 7 CFR part 1710 by The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays, adding a new Subpart H entitled “Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.” (EECLP). In fiscal year 2014 the Rural Utilities Service will make $250 million available to support energy efficiency as indicated in blake the lamb the President's climate change action plan. In future years, the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays amount of funding made available will be based on the performance of the program. The goals of an eligible Energy Efficiency project eligible for funding under this program and Subpart H include: (1) Increasing energy efficiency at the end user level; (2) modifying electric load such that there is a reduction in overall system demand; (3) effecting a more efficient use of go gently, existing electric distribution, transmission and Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain, generation facilities; (4) attracting new businesses and creating jobs in The Division Between the Global North and Global Essay rural communities by investing in energy efficiency; and (5) encouraging the use of renewable energy fuels for The Adventures Essays, either Demand side management or the into reduction of conventional fossil fuel use within the service territory.
Although not a goal, RUS recognizes that there will be a reduction of green house gases with energy efficiency improvements. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program may include loans supporting energy efficiency activities undertaken by the utility itself, the finance of energy efficiency projects undertaken by others, and Overview: The Adventures by Mark Twain, investments made by mechanical, the utility to accomplish their obligations under utility energy services contracts. It is important to The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark distinguish that there are potentially two different types of loans associated with this regulation. RUS will loan funds to a utility for an energy efficiency program. The utility, in turn, may choose to relend these funds to their consumers (ultimate recipient) for energy efficiency improvements in The Division Between the Global North industrial, commercial, or residential applications.
The utility may also use the Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays funds to complete energy efficiency activities on their own property. The anticipated transfers during the first year of the program will be the funding availability of The Division the Global South, $250 million. RUS expects this to The Adventures Finn Twain Essays increase over the life of the program. The new Subpart H for the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program can have several economic impacts. The benefits include: (1) The value of purchased energy saved; (2) the value of corresponding avoided generation, transmission and/or distribution; and (3) savings in energy bills.
The final loan program is estimated to have administrative costs to the applicant and federal government, at about $740,000 total for applicants, and about $1.7 million for the Federal government. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program will impose administrative costs on The Division Between North South Essay, applicants and the Federal government. Quantitative estimates of these costs have been made and are presented below. Estimates of costs for applicants: the twenty expected applications are broken down into two sectionsapplications and reporting. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark. Table 2 summarizes the 451 movie estimated costs. Table 2Estimate Burden to Applicants. All entities seeking financial assistance under this program must submit certain information to the Agency in Overview: The Adventures order to apply for go gently into, a loan. The total estimated cost for applying is approximately $593,356, calculated by multiplying the number of applicants (20) by the labor hours associated with the Overview: Finn by Mark Twain Essays additional burden (823.20) by loss innocence, an estimated $45 per hour for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essays, labor. See OPM's Web site at http://www.opm.gov/#8203; Start Printed Page 73357 policy-data-oversight/#8203;pay-leave/#8203;salaries-wages/#8203; All applicants that are awarded funds must submit reports to the Agency to provide information on Between South, their performance.
The total estimated cost for Overview: by Mark, reporting is approximately $148,338, calculated by the number of applicants (20) by labor cost ($45) by hours per year (164.82). Estimates of costs to the Federal government were made based on the activities that the Federal government would incur to implement the rule and the length of time each activity required. A cost of $48.35 per hour was used in making these cost estimates. Table 3Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Burden Cost to the Federal Government. The following paragraphs summarize the Analysis Directed Nichols Essay activities and costs to be incurred by the Federal government for this program. RUS is responsible for Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, reviewing and approving applications. As part of this process, RUS will acknowledge receipt of applications and inform the go gently applicants whether their application was selected for funding. The estimated cost for Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, these application activities is approximately $1,585,880. RUS is responsible for reviewing various reports, including, but not limited to, project management plan, energy efficiency work plan, quality control plan, etc.
The estimated cost for reviewing these reports annually is rapid, approximately $125,710. This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order (EO) 12866, “Regulatory Planning and Review,” 58 FR 51735 (Oct. 4, 1993), and has been determined to be “economically significant” by the Office of Management and Budget. The EO defines an economically significant regulatory action as one that is likely to result in a rule that may have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or adversely affect, in a material way, the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities. As required by OMB circular A-4 the regulatory impact analysis will be published along with this rule on regulations.gov.
The agency has also reviewed this regulation pursuant to EO 13563, issued on January 18, 2011 (76 FR 3281, Jan. 21, 2011). EO 13563 is supplemental to Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Essays and explicitly reaffirms the Film Analysis Graduate principles, structures, and definitions governing regulatory review established in EO 12866. To the extent permitted by law, agencies are required by EO 13563 to: (1) Propose or adopt a regulation only upon a reasoned determination that its benefits justify its costs (recognizing that some benefits and of Huckleberry by Mark, costs are difficult to quantify); (2) tailor regulations to impose the least burden on society, consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives, taking into account, among other things, and to the extent practicable, the costs of fahrenheit hound, cumulative regulations; (3) select, in of Huckleberry Finn by Mark choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) to of childhood the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather than specifying the behavior or manner of compliance that regulated entities must adopt; and (5) identify and Overview: Finn Twain Essays, assess available alternatives to fahrenheit 451 movie hound direct regulation, including providing economic incentives to encourage the of Huckleberry by Mark Essays desired behavior, such as user fees or marketable permits, or providing information upon mechanical, which choices can be made by the public. The Agency conducted a cost-benefit analysis to fulfill the requirements of EO 12866 and 13563. In this analysis, the Agency identifies potential benefits and costs of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program to borrowers, and RUS. The analysis contains quantitative estimates of the burden to the public and Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, the Federal government and qualitative descriptions of the go gently into the night expected economic, environmental, and energy impacts associated with the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.
This analysis will be made publicly available in the docket. RUS will only make loans for these purposes to electric utility systems. Overview: Of Huckleberry By Mark Twain Essays. RUS anticipates that borrowers under this subpart will be generation and transmission (GT) borrowers or their distribution members or unaffiliated distribution borrowers who are current on The Division the Global Essay, their loan payments and in compliance with their loan documents. This program is Overview: by Mark Twain, held to the same high standards and regulatory requirements as the existing RUS electric loan program. RUS also anticipates that the energy efficiency improvements installation work may be contracted by either the utility or the Ultimate Recipient, or performed directly by employees of the borrower, at blake the lamb, the discretion of the Finn Twain Essays utility designing the energy efficiency program. In all cases, the eligible borrower is expected to of The Graduate Nichols hold title to by Mark Twain the receivables funded by the RUS loan. It is estimated that approximately 20 loans will be submitted annually. Considering applicants are existing RUS borrowers, it is anticipated that all 20 loans would be awarded. The administrative cost to the Applicant and the Federal government to apply, award and maintain these loans is urbanization, $2.458 million. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.
The program described by this rule is an eligible purpose/subsidiary program of the Electrification Loans and Loan Guarantee program as listed in the Catalog of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, Federal Domestic Assistance Programs under number 10.850, Rural Start Printed Page 73358 Electrification Loans and Loan Guarantees. Between The Global North And Global Essay. The Catalog is available on the Internet at http://www.cfda.gov. This final rule is of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, excluded from the scope of Executive Order 12372, Intergovernmental Consultation, which may require consultation with State and local officials. Go Gently. See the final rule related notice entitled, “Department Programs and Activities Excluded from Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, Executive Order 12372” (50 FR 47034). In accordance with the rapid Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 35), the information collection for this program has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under OMB Control Number 0572-0032.
The Agency is committed to the E-Government Act, which requires Government agencies in general to provide the public the option of submitting information or transacting business electronically to the maximum extent possible. National Environmental Policy Act Review. In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. Overview: The Adventures Finn Twain. 4321 et seq.), the Agency has prepared and published a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for this loan program activity as part of this rulemaking process. Between The Global North. The PEA was published on Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, February 6, 2013 in the Federal Register at rapid, 78 FR 8444, and Finn by Mark, prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of loss of childhood innocence, 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays Council on Environmental Quality's (CEQ) regulations for implementing NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500-1508), and RUS' NEPA implementing regulations, Environmental Policies and Procedures (7 CFR part 1794).
A Notice of 451 movie mechanical, Finding of No Significant Impact was published on Friday August 16, 2013 in the Federal Register at The Adventures, VOL. 78, NO. 159. Regulatory Flexibility Act Certification. It has been determined the of childhood Regulatory Flexibility Act is not applicable to this rule since the RUS is not required by 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq. or any other provision of law to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking with respect to the subject matter of this rule.
This rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995) for state, local, and tribal governments or for the private sector. Therefore, this rule is not subject to Twain the requirements of section 202 and urbanization, 205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. The Agency has determined that this rule meets the applicable standards in Section 3 of the Executive Order. In addition, all state and local laws and regulations that are in conflict with this rule will be preempted, no retroactive effort will be given to this rule, and, in accordance with section 212(e) of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6912(e)), administrative appeals procedures, if any, must be exhausted before any action against the Department or its agencies may be initiated. The policies contained in this rule do not have any substantial direct effect on state and local governments, on the relationship between the Overview: by Mark Essays national government and the state and blake the lamb, local governments, or on of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Nor does this rule impose substantial direct compliance costs on state and local governments. Therefore, consultation with the states is not required.
Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments. This Executive Order imposes requirements on the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications or preempt tribal laws. Go Gently. Between October 2010 and January 2011, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) hosted seven regional regulation Tribal consultation sessions to gain input by elected Tribal officials or their designees concerning the impact of Finn, this rule (and other 2008 Farm Bill changes) on rapid, Tribal governments, communities, and Finn by Mark Twain, individuals. Film Analysis Of The Graduate Directed By Mike. No comments specific to this rule were received through that process. If a Tribe determines that this rule has implications of which Rural Development is not aware or would like further information regarding the consultation process, please contact Rural Development's Native American Coordinator at Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, (720) 544-2911 or AIAN@wdc.usda.gov. This rulemaking amends 7 CFR part 1710 by adding a new Subpart H entitled “Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.” Under Section 2(a) of the Film of The by Mike Essay Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C.
902(a)), the of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays Secretary of Agriculture is explicitly “authorized and empowered to make loans in the several States and Territories of the United States . . . for the purpose of assisting electric borrowers to implement Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and urbanization, on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems.” As noted, Section 6101 of the 2008 Farm Bill inserted the words “energy efficiency” into this provision, which was originally added as an amendment to the RE Act by the Rural Electrification Loan Restructuring Act of 1993 (“RELRA”) (Pub. L. Overview: Of Huckleberry By Mark Twain Essays. 103-129 sec. 2(c)(1)(B)).  RUS has experience with implementing programs that promote energy conservation, and RELRA explicitly recognized that energy conservation is part of the Agency's mission. Rapid. Starting in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays 1980, for example, RUS developed an The Division Between the Global and Global South Energy Resources Conservation Program by issuing RUS Bulletin 20-23, Section 12, “Extensions for Energy Resources Conservation Loans”, dated December 8, 1980. Overview: Twain Essays.  This Bulletin interpreted the Administrator of into the night, RUS's discretion under the RE Act to extend the time for payments, and Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain, this became the foundation for the “ERC Loan Program.” At that time, RUS did not make ERC Loan Program loans directly. It operated the ERC Loan Program by blake the lamb, entering into agreements with its borrowers to of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain defer amortization of The Division Between the Global North, their loans in order for the borrowers to fund energy conservation improvements. The borrowers, generally electric cooperatives, made loans to their members out Overview: Twain Essays, of the Film Graduate Directed cash flow resulting from the deferments they received from RUS on their own loans. Even though RUS did not make the ERC loans itself, the Agency provided financial assistance to Finn by Mark Twain Essays rural Consumers by loss, using the Overview: The Adventures Essays electric cooperatives as intermediaries. Congress subsequently amended Section 12 of the RE Act in 1990 and Start Printed Page 73359 again in 2008.
In 1990, Congress expanded Section 12 to enable deferments such that borrowers could provide financing to Film Graduate local businesses, with the intent of stimulating rural economic development. In 2008, Congress expanded Section 12 of the RE Act to authorize energy efficiency and The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark, use audits and to install energy efficiency measures or devices to reduce demand on loss of childhood innocence, electric systems. The recent grant of Overview: Finn by Mark Essays, additional authority in Section 2(a) of the rapid RE Act to make loans and guarantees for Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Essays, energy efficiency, as contrasted with the Section 12 authority to merely defer payments on direct loans, has become increasingly significant as the percentage of the RUS portfolio represented by direct loans continues to amortize. In recent times the 451 movie hound Agency delivers nearly all of its electric program assistance in the form of loan guarantees. As a guarantor, RUS does not have the same discretion to defer payments that it does when it is the lender. Overview: The Adventures By Mark. Consequently, RUS has determined that it is now necessary and appropriate to finalize a loan program for this RE Act purpose. “The RE Act, 7 U.S.C. 904, commits to the discretion of the Administrator the making of fahrenheit, loans for rural electrification. . Of Huckleberry Essays. . .” Alabama Power Co. v. Ala. Elec. Coop., 394 F.2d 672 at rapid urbanization, 675 (CA 5) cert. denied 393 U.S. 1000 (1968). The Adventures Finn Essays. “REA is the administrative agency charged by fahrenheit mechanical, Congress with responsibility for facilitating rural electrification.
REA was intended by Congress to determine the appropriate course of conduct to accomplish the legislative purpose.” Public Utility District No. 1 of Franklin County v. Big Bend Electric Cooperative, Inc., 618 F.2d 601 at Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays, 603 (CA 9 1980). By broadly adding “energy efficiency” in the 2008 Farm Bill as a legislative purpose for the RE Act loans, Congress left it to the Administrator's discretion to Between the Global North and Global Essay fashion the appropriate method to accomplish this purpose. Drawing on The Adventures Finn Twain Essays, more than three decades of experience in using electric cooperatives as local intermediaries to accomplish RE Act objectives at the Consumer level, RUS will deliver this energy efficiency program by drawing upon go gently into the night, its favorable past successes and using its electric borrowers as intermediaries. RUS will only make loans for eligible purposes to Finn by Mark electric utility systems . An eligible borrower means a utility system that has direct or indirect responsibility for providing retail electric service to persons in a rural area. This definition includes existing borrowers and utilities who meet current RUS borrower requirements. RUS anticipates that borrowers under the 451 movie mechanical Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program will be generation and transmission (GT) borrowers, their distribution members, or unaffiliated distribution borrowers who are current on their RUS loan payments and in compliance with those loan documents. Overview: Finn Twain. RUS anticipates that the Energy Efficiency (EE) improvements installation work may be contracted by either the utility, the Ultimate Recipient, or performed directly by employees of the borrower. Film Analysis Of The Graduate By Mike Nichols. In all cases, the Eligible Borrower will hold title to the receivables funded by the RUS loan. RUS is authorized by The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, the RE Act to make loans to implement Demand side management (DSM), EE Programs and conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems. Energy efficiency in this regulation is blake the lamb, defined as the degree a system or component performs its designated function with minimum consumption of resources.
Renewable energy systems have a specific role in this regulation. Renewable generation can be used as load modifiers, which can increase the efficiency of of Huckleberry Finn Essays, energy consumption from the blake the lamb utilities perspective and are effective at decreasing energy used by Overview: The Adventures Finn, decreasing load. Renewable energy and conservation savings associated with this regulation are from the utilities perspective, though the energy savings could be realized by both the Consumer and utility, depending on the type of project, as the utility is the RUS borrower and is culpable for repayment of the loan. Energy efficiency under this final regulation may accomplish either DSM, energy conservation, or both. The goals of an eligible EE Program under Subpart H may include one or more of the following: (1) Increase energy efficiency at the end user level; (2) modify electric load such that there is a reduction in overall system demand; (3) effect a more efficient use of existing electric distribution, transmission and generation facilities; (4) attract new businesses and create jobs in rural communities; and (5) encourage the use of renewable energy fuels. There are three primary differences between the existing energy resource conservation program codified in 7 CFR part 1721 subpart B (ERC program) and the EECLP final regulation in 7 CFR part 1710, subpart H. Fahrenheit 451 Movie Mechanical. First, the existing ERC program is limited to direct loan principal deferments and is not available for RUS guaranteed loans. Second, the list of eligible loan purposes for this program is more expansive than the ERC program and, where applicable, emphasizes that the assets in question must be characterized as an integral part of the Consumer's real property that would typically transfer with the title under applicable state law. Overview: By Mark Twain. Lastly, the term of financing available under Subpart H is rapid urbanization, longer than the term allowed for Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, principal deferments under the ERC loan program. Rural electric cooperatives are proponents of energy efficiency measures. According to the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association: 73 percent of these co-ops plan on significantly expanding existing efficiency programs in the next two years: 70 percent of co-ops offer financial incentives to promote greater energy efficiency: 96 percent of co-ops have some form of energy efficiency program in place, co-ops are responsible for nearly 25 percent of residential peak load management capacity, and cooperatives have 10 percent of retail electricity sales but are responsible for 20 percent of actual peak demand reduction.
Representatives from Film Analysis of The Nichols Essay, rural electric cooperatives have commented that access to low interest funds can be the difference between success and failure for an energy efficiency program. Eligible EE Programs can be comprised of a variety of by Mark Twain, activities, performed by either the utility or third parties. This final rule sets forth the policies and procedures related to eligible EE Programs where the RUS will finance: (1) Energy efficiency activities undertaken by the utility itself; (2) loans made by the utility to 451 movie hound finance energy efficiency projects undertaken by others; and (3) investments made by the utility to accomplish their obligations under utility energy services contracts. Overview: By Mark Twain Essays. The types of activities that are eligible for The Division Between South Essay, RUS financing under Subpart H include but are not limited to: (1) Energy audits; (2) community awareness and Overview: Finn by Mark Twain, outreach programs; (3) services, materials and equipment provided by a qualified local contractor to improve energy efficiency at the Consumer level; and of The Graduate Directed Nichols Essay, (4) energy efficiency loans made by the utility to its customers. RUS is Overview: Twain Essays, allowing fuel switching as an eligible activity under this regulation. A description of EE Programs that qualify for RUS financing can be found in § 1710.405. Eligible investments are listed in § 1710.406. Film Analysis Graduate. Finally, eligible borrowers are defined in The Adventures Finn Twain § 1710.404.
Some programs designed by blake the lamb, utilities may have the utility initially owning an Overview: Finn Twain asset even though it is located on a Consumer's premise and the asset is later conveyed to the Consumer after it is paid for or a predetermined time period has elapsed. Fahrenheit Mechanical. Where this is the case, RUS is proposing that the application include an additional or Start Printed Page 73360 revised Schedule C to The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain the RUS mortgage listing these assets as Excepted Property under the RUS mortgage, so as to preclude the assets being captured under the after acquired clause that is standard in the RUS mortgage codified in 7 CFR part 1718. It is the fahrenheit 451 movie intent of RUS that a release of Overview: The Adventures Finn, lien need not be executed by the Agency for rapid urbanization, the utility to convey to the Consumer clear title to these assets when this Schedule C is recorded. This final rulemaking recognizes that energy may take a variety of forms, not just electricity. The criteria to be met by eligible programs include energy efficiency as measured by The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, British Thermal Unit (Btu) input relative to loss of childhood innocence Btu output, in order to facilitate the widest and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, greatest contribution by the rural utility in rapid optimizing the energy consumption profile of of Huckleberry Essays, its service territory. This rulemaking also provides that an eligible program must demonstrate that the financial strength of the electric utility is not harmed by EE Program activities funded under Subpart H.
An important distinction between eligible energy efficiency assets to be financed under this new Subpart H and other energy efficiency activities is that the assets located at a Consumer's premises, whether or not title is to be held by the utility must, for the most part, be considered an Film Analysis Graduate Essay integral part of the of Huckleberry by Mark Twain real property that would typically transfer with the title under applicable State law in order to be financed pursuant to an eligible program under Subpart H. Eligible programs shall provide that the utility will recoup all or part of the innocence costs from specific ratepayers on whose behalf an investment has been made. Overview: Finn. Recoupment may take the form of Consumer loan repayment or a dedicated tariff. An eligible program reviewed under Subpart H must show that the into the night payment terms and loan term offered to the Consumer are generally correlated with the expected life of the applicable assets. An eligible program must also offer an undertaking that funds, collected from ratepayers, in excess of the current amortization requirements for Finn by Mark Essays, the RUS loan will be redeployed for EE Program purposes or used to The Division the Global North prepay the RUS loan. The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark. These prepayments are in Film of The Graduate by Mike addition to scheduled principal and interest debt service payments. Applications for The Adventures Finn Twain Essays, program financings under Subpart H must fully describe a Business Plan that meets the blake the lamb requirements of § 1710.407. The Agency recognizes that energy efficiency investments that reduce energy consumption at the Consumer premises (for instance those that affect the The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn power factor) may prompt a need for investments at the system level to go gently into sustain the of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays reliability and stability of the grid. Analysis. The business plan called for in Subpart H must identify the related system investment to be identified as part of the EE Program, but these system level investments would be reflected in the utility's construction work plan and financed as part of a traditional loan application. It is not required that an eligible program fund energy audits performed at The Adventures by Mark Twain, Consumer premises. However, if the utility proposes to rapid urbanization provide audits; Subpart H requires that the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark program must also include a provision for loss of childhood, assisting Consumers in implementing changes suggested in aggregate to Overview: The Adventures by Mark Twain be cost effective by the audit.
A program that funds energy audits without providing assistance for implementing audit recommendations included in the audit would not be an eligible program under Subpart H. Only those activities that are cost effective in aggregate are eligible to Analysis of The Directed Nichols be funded under Subpart H. The list of eligible investments and activities that a qualified plan may incorporate is not intended to be exhaustive. The intent is to facilitate flexibility for the utility's EE Program consistent with the resources and Consumer profiles in its service territory. This lending program is designed for utility-designed and The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, directed EE Programs. 451 Movie. As such it anticipates that eligible loan purposes will include program administrative and other soft costs, such as marketing expenses, where not more than five percent of the by Mark Twain loan budget may be used for 451 movie hound, these purposes. A utility's program may include acting as an intermediary lender, where the utility uses RUS financing to make Consumer loans to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays finance these investments on the Consumers' premises. Where this is the case, Subpart H requires the borrower to have a maximum interest rate to the ultimate consumer at 1.5 percent above the RUS loan cost to the borrower unless an into the night exception is granted by the Administrator. Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis to ensure repayment of the government's loan. We will not accept an Overview: The Adventures Twain Essays exception if the loan is The Division the Global and Global South, feasible at 1.5 percent. This rate must be discussed in the applicant's business plan. The process for Finn Essays, applying for rapid, EECLP loans is intended to largely conform to the Agency's existing process for loans relating to other eligible purposes.
Accordingly, the requirements discussed throughout 7 CFR part 1710 apply equally to EECLP loans unless otherwise stated after giving effect to the conforming amendments incorporated in this rulemaking. Expenditures by the utility will be reimbursed by the Agency after the Finn Essays fact pursuant to an inventory of work orders system as is typical for our existing loan process. The analytical material needed to Graduate by Mike Essay support an Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Essays EECLP loan is different from what is needed to analyze a generation or transmission loan. Accordingly, Subpart H elaborates on what is Film Graduate Directed by Mike Essay, needed for RUS to approve an Essays EE Program and loans to execute the program. EE Program activity will be captured under a separate energy efficiency work plan. Energy efficiency investments will not be listed on the traditional construction work plan that applies to utility assets financed by RUS. As with other loans made pursuant to 7 CFR part 1710, a borrower's Environmental Report (ER) is expected to accompany the energy efficiency work plan associated with the loan request. The ER is in accordance with 7 CFR part 1794. Go Gently Into. Part 1794 contains the policies and procedures of the Rural Utilities Service for implementing the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act.
In the case of an EECLP loan, this ER will be expected to reference the PEA completed by the Agency for EECLP loans, and Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, identify any investments and Analysis of The Directed by Mike Essay, their potential environmental impacts proposed in Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn the work plan that were not analyzed in the PEA. This new Subpart H is not intended to rapid urbanization be duplicative of Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain Essays, requirements otherwise prescribed in part 1710, but rather, supplemental. It identifies requirements that are unique to loans made under the proposed Subpart H to finance EE Programs. It prescribes requirements for our direct borrowers. Our direct borrowers will then act as intermediary lenders to accomplish the The Division Between the Global and Global South Essay investments outlined in an approved EE program.
Where there is an The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays express conflict with requirements elsewhere in part 1710, the provisions of Subpart H would apply, but otherwise Subpart H is not intended to blake the lamb supplant the applicability of the rest of part 1710 or other applicable parts in the Code of Federal Regulations. In implementing Subpart H, as required for all of part 1710, RUS will work with Department of Energy (DOE), following the requirements set out by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, Section 16 that states: “the Secretary in making or guaranteeing loans for Overview: of Huckleberry Finn, the construction, operations, or enlargement of generating plants or electric transmission lines or systems shall consider such general criteria consistent with the provisions of this Act as may Start Printed Page 73361 be published by the Secretary of Energy.” Summary of Major Changes in Response to Comments on the Rule. The agency published a Proposed rulemaking on July 26, 2012, at 77 FR 43723. 451 Movie. RUS received 63 comments on the proposed Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.
The sixty three commenters consisted of industry representatives that included: Electric cooperatives, such as South Carolina Electric and Gas company; nonprofit energy efficiency supporters, such as the The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain Essays E3 coalition and the Sierra Club; and loss innocence, envelope organizations that represent RUS borrowers, such as the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Twain Essays. Sixty two of the sixty three letters were extremely supportive of the regulation, and applauded RUS for proposing the program. Loss Of Childhood. The opposing letter stated that it was against all Federal programs. Major changes in response to these comments, include the following items: 1. Removed restrictions on the size of load modifiers. 2. Adjusted soft cost limitations from Overview: of Huckleberry Essays, 4 percent to 5 percent. 3. Limit Consumer interest rate to 1.5 percent above the cost of the loan to the borrower. 4. 451 Movie. Decreased the complexity of the loan program by eliminating performance thresholds. 5. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark Essays. Defined certified energy auditor. 6. Added fuel switching as an eligible purpose. 7. Clarified the definition of eligible borrowers to include former and new RUS borrowers that meet RUS standards specified in of The Directed by Mike regulation and statute.
8. Changed the cost effectiveness requirements, extending requirements to 10 years or equipment useful life on an aggregate basis. 9. Overview: Finn. Removed the Net Utility Plant language. 10. Allowed some pre-retrofitting as an eligible activity. A summary of the comments and RUS's response are as follows:
Small Scale Renewable Energy Projects. Comment: There were 17 comments addressing the The Division small scale renewable energy limitation of “nameplate generation capacity that is less than the 50 percent of the average anticipated electrical load associated with the end user.” Of the 17 comments, only by Mark Essays, 4 wanted to decrease or eliminate small scale renewables, on the basis that small scale renewables tend to not be cost effective. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program regulation has been edited, and will no longer have any restrictions on small scale renewable energy projects. All activities will be eligible, however, state mandates, laws, and cooperative bylaws will override this regulation. Soft Costs Associated With a Borrower's Loan.
Comment: Seven comments requested that RUS not limit the “administrative” costs associated with the loan. The current regulation limits administrative costs to 4 percent. Response: RUS acknowledges that there is a cost to our borrowers to start-up and maintain an energy efficiency program, and has agreed to increase the blake the lamb “administrative” cost limitation to 5 percent in the final regulation. However, RUS must protect the Electric Program loan portfolio, and Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain Essays, increasing the rate any higher may impair the productivity of the program, and subsequently the subsidy rate. Also, cooperatives may have the opportunity to rate-base certain energy efficiency costs. The Rate Borrowers Can Charge to the Ultimate Consumer Above the Treasury Based Interest Rate. Comment: RUS requested comments on loss of childhood innocence, the appropriate markup borrowers could charge above the Finn by Mark Essays Treasury-based interest rate. Twenty-one comments were received. Blake The Lamb. The majority of comments stated that markups must be between 5 and 10 percent, with numerous comments stating that RUS should not specify a cap to make the Overview: The Adventures Finn Twain program economical to Film Graduate Nichols Essay the borrower.
Response: Borrowers are limited to interest rates 1.5 percent above the of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays cost of go gently the night, their RUS loan. Exceptions will be given on a case-by-case basis that must be clearly articulated in the business plan such as unavoidable program level costs. Finn By Mark Essays. We will not accept an exception if the loan is feasible at 1.5 percent.This information, combined with all the other additional information, will allow RUS to go gently the night determine the feasibility of the loan. Decrease the Complexity of the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays Loan Program. Comment: RUS received seven comments stating that the current program requirements were too complicated and burdensome. Fahrenheit. Requiring an environmental plan, business plan, quality assurance plan, performance thresholds, return on investment demonstrations, additional supporting documents, and load forecasting before and after improvements was too extensive, and would limit borrower's interest in the program.
Response: RUS has simplified the regulation to decrease the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program's complexity and burden. Performance thresholds have been removed, the cost effectiveness definition has been modified, and procedures edited to keep the program simple and Finn Twain Essays, straight forward. Comment: Six comments were submitted, asking RUS to clarify the definition of certified energy auditor. Response: RUS has clarified the definition, allowing a borrower to use an auditor certified under state, local, or federal standards. Identifying the Appropriate Performance Thresholds. Comment: Twenty comments were received on what were the blake the lamb appropriate performance thresholds for Overview: Essays, the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program. Seven comments supported the language in the proposed rule, stating “existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from Energy Star, Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), American National Standards Institute (ANSI), or other voluntary consensus standards,” 2 comments recommended limiting the thresholds to Energy Star or Energy Efficiency Ratio, and blake the lamb, the remaining 9 comments recommended that RUS fund all market proven energy products that reduce the Consumer's annual Btu. Response: RUS clarified that borrowers are encouraged to The Adventures of Huckleberry Essays use existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from ENERGY STAR, FEMP, ANSI, or other voluntary consensus standards rather than performance thresholds to rapid give Borrowers greater latitude. Comment: Twelve comments strongly supported fuel switching.
Fuel switching is Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain, essential for fahrenheit hound, some borrowers to handle peak demand. Response: RUS has modified the of Huckleberry Finn regulation to blake the lamb allow fuel switching. Many of the 12 comments in support of fuel switching were associations that represent over 1,000 electric cooperatives and millions of households, including NW Energy Coalition, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, Utility Geothermal Working Group, Iowa Environmental Council, The Mountain Association for Community Economic Development, and the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Start Printed Page 73362. The $250 Million Funding Limitation. Comment: Sixteen comments were received, all in of Huckleberry Twain Essays strong support of removing the $250 million limitation.
Response: The $250 million was an estimate of North, what the Agency believed would be the demand for Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, the program. Public comment indicates more interest in North and Global Essay the program than the proposed rule's $250 million per of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays year limitation. In fiscal year 2014, the go gently into Rural Utilities Service will make $250 million available to support energy efficiency as indicated in the Presidents climate change action plan. In future years, the The Adventures Finn Twain amount of funding made available will be based on the performance of the program. Additionally, to be consistent, the energy efficiency program should compete equally with other eligible loan purposes. Comment: One comment was submitted proposing a preferred lender program that borrowers could qualify for blake the lamb, if they had a loan total of of Huckleberry by Mark, less than $2 million. Standards would be set for basic, preapproved weatherization practices and fahrenheit 451 movie mechanical hound, be made available to any eligible borrower.
Standard benefit levels would be assigned to those practices and applied when determining benefits. There would not be a requirement for energy audits or post tests. This would cut the cost of program delivery while maintaining well established and known benefits for the members. The cooperatives that wish to participate at a higher loan level would have to comply with the standards established in the proposed regulations. Response: RUS believes that preferred lending criteria is not needed in of Huckleberry by Mark Twain the regulation. RUS will use current authorities to streamline the application process.
Former RUS Borrowers and Their Eligibility for the Loan Program. Comment: Four comments were submitted supporting allowance of former RUS borrowers to return to Film Analysis Directed the program. Response: The regulation has been modified to clarify that past borrowers are eligible for the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program, in accordance with the statute and any other regulation relating to new or returning borrowers. The Cost Effective Requirement in Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays Section 1710.405. Comment: Nine comments were received, eight requesting a payback period that was longer than the current 5 years stated in Film Graduate Directed by Mike Nichols Essay the regulation. One comment requested that the Finn by Mark Essays payback period be less than the life of the product. Response: The regulation has been modified to more precisely define cost effectiveness and increase the payback to 10 years, except in cases where the useful life of the technology on an aggregate basis can be demonstrated to be longer than the 10 year period.
RUS will evaluate the of childhood innocence useful life assumption on The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays, a case-by-case basis. Financial Institutions and blake the lamb, Cooperative Relending. Comment: Four comments were received requesting RUS to add language in of Huckleberry Finn Essays the regulation that defines who RUS borrowers can work with as intermediaries. Response: RUS will not add any additional language. Business cases will be reviewed to determine the 451 movie hound viability of the Overview: by Mark Twain loan.
Existing regulation language does not deter borrowers from establishing partnerships with other organizations to help implement their energy efficiency programs. Comment: Three comments were received asking RUS to remove the provisions of § 1710.409(d (1)). The commenters believed that the section could seriously limit transmission borrowers who did not own generation. Response: RUS has removed the section. The Night. Initially the regulation language anticipated borrowers would own electric generating plants.
Public comments from statewide electric cooperative associations and distribution cooperatives interested in the loan program indicated that they would be excluded from the energy efficiency program with 1710.409(d(1)). These current borrowers are not generation and transmission organizations and therefore do not own electric generation plants. Finn. The language has been removed to rapid allow them to participate. Comment: Four comments asked RUS to remove §§ 1710.406(d), 1017.407(g), and 1710.408(i). Each of Overview: The Adventures Finn Twain, those sections state borrowers shall follow a bulletin or other publication to be identified later. They claim that the proposed provision violates the Administrative Procedures Act by purporting to loss establish as regulatory obligations purely administrative determinations to be made later without notice and comment rulemaking. Response: The proposed rule required borrowers to follow requirements in yet to be developed bulletins. The final regulation has been changed from “shall” to “are strongly encouraged to.” Please see the The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain following regulatory language “(g) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or such other publication as RUS deems appropriate that contains and describes best practices for energy efficiency business plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and go gently into the night, revise it from time to time or eliminate it as RUS deems it necessary. Overview: Of Huckleberry Essays. “ Requiring all Electric Borrowers To Participate in This Program.
Comment: Three comments asked if all current borrowers would be required to participate in the Energy Efficiency Loan Program. One of the two comments stated that RUS must require all borrowers to fahrenheit mechanical participate in this loan program and have active energy efficiency programs. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Overview: Finn by Mark Twain, Conservation Loan program allows for energy efficiency improvements as an eligible purpose and will be reviewed and go gently into, approved as other eligible purposes within the statute and the regulation. RUS does not believe it to be appropriate to require Borrowers to participate in this program. Comment: Two comments questioned the need for load forecasting, one comment stated that their current energy efficiency and conservation loan program is made up of only The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, 30-40 members, not affecting the forecast at all. Response: Load Forecasting is an important accountability component of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. If the energy efficiency program has negligible effect on the Load Forecast then that information should be stated in the discussion within the Load Forecast. No changes were made to the regulation. Comment: One comment stated that there were very few qualified energy managers and fahrenheit hound, professional engineers in rural areas that are available to Overview: The Adventures Finn conduct the requirements of a program evaluation, and questioned who would have to bear the cost of the 451 movie evaluation. Response: RUS recognizes that there will be additional expenses associated with the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. The borrowers may pass along those costs to Overview: The Adventures Essays the Ultimate Recipient, but it needs to be explained in the submitted work plan.
Start Printed Page 73363. Loan Advances on a Reimbursement Basis. Comment: Two comments questioned how funds would be distributed. They were not supportive of funding projects on a reimbursable basis. Response: All of RUS's programs are run on a reimbursable basis, though the of childhood innocence regulation currently states that startup capital of up to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays 5 percent may be made available for an energy efficiency plan. No changes will be made to go gently into our current funding model. Making Post-Installment Evaluations Publically Available. Comment: Two comments requested that all post-installment evaluation and verification requirements be made available to the public.
Response: RUS acknowledges the importance of transparency, but also must weigh the privacy of our borrowers. We will provide information to the public in conformity with the Overview: Finn by Mark Freedom of Information Act. Comment: One comment reiterated the importance of using qualified contractors to install energy efficiency and conservation activities. Response: RUS is a strong supporter of Graduate Nichols Essay, using qualified contractors and will require borrowers to state the types of Overview: by Mark Essays, contractors that will be used, if any, in a borrower's quality assurance plan. Comment: One comment stated that borrowers should be able to loss innocence aggregate their various energy efficiency programs to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays bring them up to scale, decreasing the total workload. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program will hold each borrower accountable. Though borrowers can work with each other to decrease costs, each borrower will be individually held responsible for providing the required level of information and oversight. Comment: One comment stated that the regulation should not specifically call out ground source heat pumps, as the into technology is advancing quickly.
Response: Ground source heat pumps are just one eligible activity under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. Though mentioned in of Huckleberry Finn by Mark the regulation as an example, we are neither promoting nor discouraging their use. Offer Technical Assistance to Utilities. Comment: One comment requested RUS provide technical assistance to utilities to design, administer, and evaluate their energy efficiency loan program. Response: RUS will work closely with the borrower, answering any questions they may have on blake the lamb, their business plan, quality assurance plan, etc. Encourage Peer-to-Peer Networking Through Webinars. Comment: Six comments requested RUS set up regular webinars, phone conferences and an on-line peer-exchange Web site for participating borrowers. Response: RUS supports the exchange of Overview: Finn by Mark Twain Essays, ideas and will facilitate cross communication when possible, but RUS does not have the resources to commit to this on a large scale.
RUS will partner with other federal agencies to blake the lamb support broader peer-to-peer exchange. The Definition of Overview: Finn Essays, Energy Efficiency and Conservation measures. Comment: One comment requested that we add the following language to into the night the energy efficiency and conservation measures definition, “which may also include the onsite generation of electricity from Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain Essays, waste heat resources. ” Response: RUS believes the Graduate definition is inclusive, and the additional language is The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark, unnecessary. Comment: Eight comments stated that RUS stress the importance of using on-bill repayment as an effective financing method for energy efficiencies. Response: RUS recognizes that on-bill financing is one way for the night, a borrower to be repaid for Overview: The Adventures Finn Essays, their activities, however the Film by Mike Essay borrower will have the ultimate decision on how they will recover their expenses.
Their method of The Adventures Finn Twain Essays, choice will be articulated in their business plan. Additional Language Clarifying That Borrowers Cannot Exclude Renters. Comment: Five comments requested that RUS add language to the regulation requiring utilities to identify approaches that would ensure the equitable treatment by Film by Mike Essay, all types of of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, consumers, and explicitly include low-income in both single-family and multi-family buildings. Response: RUS sympathizes with the comment's concern, however we believe § 1710.122 on Equal opportunity and nondiscrimination located in of childhood innocence the overarching Electric Program regulation, fulfills the needs specified by the comments. Pre-Retrofits Should Be Allowed as Program Costs. Comment: Four comments stated that pre-retrofit activities that need to Overview: The Adventures Finn Essays take place to make a house structurally sound before weatherization activities can take place, be an into the night eligible activity under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation loan program. Response: RUS added language to of Huckleberry by Mark Essays allow limited pre-retrofits as an eligible loan activity. Blake The Lamb. The Department of Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, Energy has established that many opportunities for energy efficiency upgrades exist in blake the lamb low income housing. Often the Overview: of Huckleberry residential building envelope needs infrastructure improvements to be able to accept energy efficiency upgrades. Fahrenheit 451 Movie Mechanical Hound. For example, the floor of a residential building may need structural repairs before efficient insulation can be installed.
This would reduce the overall energy requirement for the structure. Loan Loss Reserves and Credit Enhancements Should Be Allowed as Program Costs. Comment: Four comments stated that RUS allow borrowers to create loan loss reserve funds to of Huckleberry by Mark allow utilities to attract investors and leverage private capital, as an eligible activity under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation loan program. Response: RUS is statutorily required to fund energy efficiency and conservation activities. Additional activities are outside the agency's authority and would require amendments. Additional Language Supporting a Diverse Workforce. Comment: One comment requested that RUS add language to require borrowers to use local and under-represented businesses when implementing their energy efficiency program. Response: A borrower must prove that their energy efficiency program is cost effective; specifying who a borrower must work with is beyond the scope of Subpart H. Comment: Seven comments requested that RUS clarify “due diligence” to confirm that ability to The Division Between and Global repay a loan or participate in a program does not have to include a credit check, but rather rely on The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain, utility bill payment history.
Response: The borrower is held accountable for paying off the loan, and needs to determine eligible Consumers. Analysis Of The Directed By Mike Nichols. Their method of choice will be articulated in their business plan. Comment: One comment requested clarification on § 1710.255(b), which requires that all facilities being improved be included in the energy Start Printed Page 73364 efficiency work plan, to state that this section only applies to utility-owned properties. Response: RUS believes the of Huckleberry by Mark Essays Energy Efficiency Work Plan (EEWP) must also itemize Consumer upgrades in Film of The Graduate by Mike Nichols Essay aggregate. Clarifying Demand Side Management. Comment: Three comments requested that RUS specifically state that switches for water heaters and air conditioning units be eligible under Demand side management, or at a minimum clearly state energy efficiency in Overview: of Huckleberry Essays the definition. Response: RUS believes the definition is inclusive, and rapid, the additional language is unnecessary. Redefine Energy Efficiency and Conservation Measures.
Comment: Two comments requested that RUS change the sentence “ultimate goal is the Overview: Finn Essays reduction of utility energy needs” to “ultimate goal is the reduction of rapid urbanization, all forms of consumer energy needs (based on annual Btu consumption). Response: RUS believes the current definition fits the ultimate goal, to reduce utility energy needs, Consumer energy needs is too limiting as utilities are also eligible to Overview: Finn finance energy efficiency activities in their facilities. Comment: Two comments requested that the words “power quality equipment” be added. Response: RUS believes the definition is inclusive, and the additional language is unnecessary. Comment: Two comments requested that RUS remove fuel cells as an eligible activity and rapid, investment. Response: Fuel cells can be used in energy efficiency and The Adventures Twain Essays, conservation activities and will keep the activity in the regulation.
They can act as load modifiers; load modifiers are already identified as an go gently into eligible purpose for loan funds. Comment: Two comments requested that RUS make changes to § 1710.406 (a)(1). The proposed rule states that eligible program activities and Overview: The Adventures by Mark, investments “shall be designed to improve energy efficiency or MANAGED demand on the customer side of the meter. While demand improvements are a primary goal of the rule, demand improvement can be accomplished through managed or passive improvements on the customer side of the meter. Consequently the word ‘managed' should be removed from the text and loss of childhood innocence, replaced with the word “reduce” and Overview: Finn by Mark, the word “peak” should be added before “demand.” The new text should state “shall be designed to improve energy efficiency or reduce peak demand on the customer side of the meter. Response: RUS agrees with the language request and has incorporated it into 451 movie this final rule. Comment: One comment requests additional clarification in the background section on what the rate will be for borrowers. Response: This section has been revised for Overview: Finn, other reasons, the issue is rapid urbanization, moot. Comment: One comment requests the section be modified to remove insured, and revise the language to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain be “a) Purpose and amount. With the exception of minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for projects which are included in a RUS approved borrower's construction work plan (CWP), EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, that have also received written Environmental Clearance and/or Approval from RUS prior to the start of construction, and follow RUS' contract and bidding procedures as set forth in 7 CFR part 1726 if applicable.
Loan fund advances can be requested in an amount up to the actual cost incurred less any contribution in aid of construction. Response: RUS accepts the following language change: “a) Purpose and amount. With the exception of minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for projects which are included in the Global North and Global a RUS approved borrower's EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, that have also received written Environmental Clearance and/or Approval from RUS prior to the start of Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain, construction, and follow RUS' contract and bidding procedures as set forth in 7 CFR part 1726 if applicable. Loan fund advances can be requested in the night an amount up to the actual cost incurred less any contribution in Overview: The Adventures Finn aid of into the night, construction. Comment: One comment asked if the Energy Efficiency loan program would override state or federal Law. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program does not override any statutory state or federal laws. Comment: One comment requested that RUS change the Overview: by Mark Twain loan program, and loan directly to consumers, bypassing the electric companies.
Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program does not statutorily allow us this discretion. Natural Gas Expansion and Explicit Support of go gently, Water Heaters. Comment: Two comments requested RUS explicitly support a given technology or fuel. One comment requested that RUS create a broader regulation that clearly articulates the importance of The Adventures by Mark Essays, natural gas. One comment requested that RUS explicitly include installation of solar thermal, gas, and loss innocence, electric-resistance water heaters as an eligible use of The Adventures Finn Twain, program funds. Response: RUS does not support one technology or fuel source. No changes will be made to go gently into the regulation. Appropriate Performance Thresholds for Water Heaters. Comment: One comment requested that RUS set explicit energy efficiency thresholds for water heaters. Response: RUS will not list specific threshold levels in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays this regulation.
Rather, we have clarified that borrowers are encouraged to use existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from: Energy Star, FEMP, ANSI, or other voluntary consensus standards. Focus on 451 movie hound, Utility Programs That Support Customer Investments in Energy Efficiency. Comment: One comment asked RUS to of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays establish requirements and into the night, guidelines that will ensure program funds are substantially devoted to support utility programs designed to support efficiency investments in customer homes, buildings, and facilities. Response: RUS believes our regulation supports these investments, as well as investments in decreasing a utility's total energy use. No additional language was added. Leverage Other Federal Programs With the Energy Efficiency Program. Comment: One comment asked RUS to explore leveraging options with USDA's Rural Housing Service, Federal Housing Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Federal Housing Finance Authority. Response: RUS supports program collaboration, and will continue to work with our Federal partners, but no additional language will be included in Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain the regulation. Start Printed Page 73365. Consider Combined Heat and Analysis of The Graduate Essay, Power Projects as Eligible Measures.
Comment: One comment asked RUS to explicitly state combined heat and power projects are an Overview: The Adventures Twain Essays eligible energy conservation activity under the regulation. Response: RUS believes our regulation provides enough flexibility to allow these forms of activities, without specifying every eligible activity in the regulation. Comment: One comment requested RUS change the rapid urbanization definition of fuel switching to “the temporary use of non-electric energy sources as a method to limit electric peak loads during limited time periods. The term fuel switching does not include the permanent replacement of equipment that uses one energy source with equipment that uses a different energy source.” Response: RUS clarified the definition of Overview: of Huckleberry Twain Essays, “fuel switching.' Comment: One comment asked RUS to adopt data collection procedures to track program financials and measure performance. Response: RUS has and will continue to collect data on loan activities, monitoring and tracking performance measures.
No additional language needs to be added to the regulation. Comment: One comment requested RUS target supplementing existing and planned energy efficiency programs and budgets, not replacing the programs. Response: RUS believes our current language will support existing and promote new energy efficiency programs. Start List of Subjects. For reasons set forth in the preamble, the Agency amends 7 CFR chapter XVII as follows: PART 1710GENERAL AND PRE-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES. 1. The authority citation for urbanization, part 1710 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 2. In § 1710.2(a) revise the definition of “Demand side management” and add a definition of “Eligible Energy Efficiency Programs” in Finn by Mark alphabetical order to read as follows:
End Amendment Part. Demand side management (DSM) means the deliberate planning and/or implementation of activities to influence Consumer use of electricity provided by a distribution borrower to produce beneficial modifications to the system load profile. Beneficial modifications to of The Graduate Directed by Mike the system load profile ordinarily improve load factor or otherwise help in of Huckleberry Twain Essays utilizing electric system resources to best advantage consistent with acceptable standards of Film Graduate Directed Nichols, service and lowest system cost. The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain. Load profile modifications are characterized as peak clipping, valley filling, load shifting, strategic conservation, strategic load growth, and fahrenheit hound, flexible load profile. (See, for example, publications of the Overview: of Huckleberry Twain Essays Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, especially “Demand-Side Management Glossary” EPRI TR-101158, Project 1940-25, Final Report, October 1992.) DSM includes energy conservation programs. Eligible Energy Efficiency and urbanization, Conservation Programs (Eligible EE Program) means an energy efficiency and conservation program that meets the Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Essays requirements of mechanical, Subpart H of this part. Subpart CLoan Purposes and Basic Policies.
3. In § 1710.100, amend the first sentence by adding the words “efficiency and” before “energy conservation”. End Amendment Part. 4. In § 1710.101, amend the second sentence of of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Essays, paragraph (b) by adding the word “direct” before “loans to individual consumers”. End Amendment Part. 5. Amend § 1710.102 as follows: End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part.
a. Of Childhood. Amend the The Adventures by Mark Twain first sentence of Film Graduate Directed by Mike Nichols, paragraph (a) by adding “energy efficiency and” before “energy conservation”; and. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. b. Amend the first sentence of paragraph (b) by The Adventures Finn Twain, adding “energy efficiency and” before “energy conservation”. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 6. Amend § 1710.106 by North South Essay, adding paragraph (a)(6) and revising paragraphs (c)(1) and by Mark, (d) to read as follows:
End Amendment Part. (6) Eligible Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs pursuant to Subpart H of this part. (1) Electric facilities, equipment, appliances, or wiring located inside the blake the lamb premises of the Consumer, except for Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry, assets financed pursuant to an Eligible EE Program, and qualifying items included in a loan for Demand side management or energy resource conservation programs, or renewable energy systems. (d) A distribution borrower may request a loan period of up to blake the lamb 4 years. Except in the case of Essays, loans for new generating and associated transmission facilities, a power supply borrower may request a loan period of not more than 4 years for The Division Between South Essay, transmission and substation facilities and improvements or replacements of Overview: The Adventures Finn Essays, generation facilities. The loan period for new generating facilities and DSM activities will be determined on a case-by-case basis. Go Gently. The Administrator may approve a loan period shorter than the period requested by the borrower, if in the Administrator's sole discretion, a loan made for Overview: The Adventures Finn Essays, the longer period would fail to meet RUS requirements for loan feasibility and loan security set forth in §§ 1710.112 and 1710.113, respectively. 7. In § 1710.109 amend the first sentence of paragraph (a) by adding the words “energy efficiency and go gently into the night, conservation program work plan,” after “construction work plan”. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 8. Finn Essays. Amend § 1710.115 by adding paragraph (c) to read as follows:
End Amendment Part. (c) The term for loans made to finance Eligible EE Programs will be determined in accordance with § 1710.408 of this part. 9. In § 1710.120 add the North South Essay words “energy efficiency and conservation program work plans,” after “construction work plans,”. End Amendment Part. Subpart DBasic Requirements for Loan Approval. 10.
Amend § 1710.152 by adding paragraph (e) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (e) EE Program work plan (EEWP). In the case of a loan application to finance an Eligible Energy Efficient Program, an EE Program work plan shall be prepared in lieu of a traditional CWP required pursuant to of Huckleberry Finn Twain paragraph (b) of this section. The requirements for an EEWP are set forth in § 1710.255 and in subpart H of this part. 11.
Amend § 1710.202 by urbanization, adding paragraph (d) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (d) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) through (c) of The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain Essays, this section, a power supply borrower that has an outstanding loan for an Eligible EE Program is required to maintain an approved load forecast and an approved load forecast work plan on an ongoing basis. 12. Amend § 1710.203 by fahrenheit 451 movie mechanical hound, adding paragraph (f) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) through (e) of The Adventures by Mark Twain Essays, this section, a distribution borrower that has an outstanding loan for an Eligible EE Program is required to maintain an approved load forecast and an approved load forecast work plan on an ongoing basis.
13. In § 1710.205 amend paragraph (b)(5) by adding the the night words “and energy efficiency and conservation program” after “demand side management”. End Amendment Part. Subpart FConstruction Work Plans and Related Studies. 14. Add § 1710.255 to subpart F to by Mark Twain read as follows:
End Amendment Part. (a) All energy efficiency borrowers must maintain a current EEWP approved by their board of directors covering in aggregate all new construction, improvements, replacements, and retirements of energy efficiency related equipment and activities; (b) An energy efficiency borrower's EEWP shall cover a period of between 2 and Analysis Directed Essay, 4 years, and include all facilities to Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays be constructed or improved which are eligible for RUS financing, whether or not RUS financial assistance will be sought or be available for certain facilities. Rapid Urbanization. The construction period covered by an EEWP in support of a loan application shall not be shorter than the loan period requested for financing of the facilities; (c) The borrower's EEWP may only include facilities, equipment and other activities that have been approved by RUS as a part of an Overview: by Mark Eligible Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program pursuant to subpart H of this part; (d) The borrower's EEWP must be consistent with the documentation provided as part of the current RUS approved EE Program as outlined in § 1710.410(c); and. (e) The borrower's EEWP must include an estimated schedule for the implementation of included projects. Subpart GLong Range Financial Forecasts.
15. Amend § 1710.300 by redesignating paragraphs (d)(3) through (5) as paragraphs (d)(4) through (6) respectively; and adding a new paragraph (d)(3) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (3) RUS-approved EE Program work plan; 16. The Night. In § 1710.302 amend paragraph (d)(5) by Overview: The Adventures by Mark Essays, removing the reference “§ 1710.300(d)(5)” and adding in Graduate Essay its place “§ 1710.300(d)(6)”. End Amendment Part. Subpart IApplication Requirements and Procedures for Loans. 17a. In subpart I, redesignate §§ 1710.400 through 1710.407 as §§ 1710.500 through 1710.507, respectively.
End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 17b. Add Subpart H consisting of Overview: The Adventures Twain, §§ 1710.400 through 1710.499, to read as follows: End Amendment Part. Subpart HEnergy Efficiency and 451 movie mechanical, Conservation Loan Program. (a) This subpart establishes policies and requirements that apply to of Huckleberry by Mark Twain loans and loan guarantees to finance Energy Efficiency and Conservation programs (EE Programs) undertaken by an eligible utility system to finance Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation, or on-grid and off-grid renewable energy system programs that will result in rapid the better management of their system load growth, a more beneficial load profile, or greater optimization of the use of alternative energy resources in their service territory. These programs may be considered an essential utility service. (b)(1) The goals of an eligible Energy Efficiency project eligible for funding under this program and Subpart H include: (i) Increasing energy efficiency at the end user level; (ii) Modifying electric load such that there is a reduction in overall system demand; (iii) Effecting a more efficient use of existing electric distribution, transmission and generation facilities; Start Printed Page 73367. (iv) Attracting new businesses and The Adventures of Huckleberry, creating jobs in rural communities by hound, investing in energy efficiency; and.
(v) Encouraging the use of renewable energy fuels for either Demand side management or the reduction of conventional fossil fuel use within the service territory. (2) Although not a goal, RUS recognizes that there will be a reduction of Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, green house gases with energy efficiency improvements. EE Programs under this subpart may be financed at the distribution level or by an electric generation and transmission provider. RUS encourages borrowers to coordinate with the relevant member systems regarding their intention to implement a program financed under this subpart. Go Gently Into. RUS also encourages borrowers to leverage funds available under this subpart with State, local, or other funding sources that may be available to Overview: implement such programs. This subpart adapts and modifies, but does not supplant, the 451 movie mechanical hound requirements for Overview: Finn Twain, all borrowers set forth elsewhere where the purpose of the fahrenheit loan is to finance an approved EE program.
In the event there is overlap or conflict between this subpart and of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, the provisions of this part 1710 or other parts of the Code of Federal Regulations, the provisions of innocence, this subpart will apply for loans made or guaranteed pursuant to this subpart. EE Programs financed under this subpart may be directed at Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain, all forms of 451 movie mechanical, energy consumed within a utility's service territory, not just electricity, where the electric utility is in a position to facilitate the optimization of the energy consumption profile within its service territory and do so in a way that enhances the financial or physical performance of the rural electric system and enables the repayment of the energy efficiency loan. For the purpose of this subpart, the following terms shall have the following meanings. Overview:. In the event there is overlap or conflict between the definitions contained in § 1710.2, the definitions set forth below will apply for loans made or guaranteed pursuant to this subpart. British thermal unit (Btu) means the urbanization quantity of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. Certified energy auditor for commercial and industrial energy efficiency improvements. (1) An energy auditor shall meet one of the following criteria: (i) An individual possessing a current commercial or industrial energy auditor certification from a national, industry-recognized organization; (ii) A Licensed Professional Engineer in the State in Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Essays which the audit is conducted with at least 1 year experience and who has completed at least two similar type Energy Audits; (iii) An individual with a four-year engineering or architectural degree with at least 3 years experience and who has completed at least five similar type Energy Audits; or. (iv) Beginning in calendar year 2015, an energy auditor certification recognized by hound, the Department of Energy through its Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines project. (2) For residential energy efficiency improvements, an energy auditor shall meet one of the following criteria: The workforce qualification requirements of the Home Performance with Energy Star Program, as outlined in Section 3 of the Home Performance with Energy Star Sponsor Guide; or an individual possessing a current residential energy auditor or building analyst certification from a national, industry-recognized organization. Cost effective means the aggregate cost of an EE Program is less than the financial benefit of the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain program over blake the lamb time. The cost of a program for this purpose shall include the costs of incentives, measurement and verification activity and administrative costs, and the benefits shall include, without limitation, the value of energy saved, the value of corresponding avoided generation, transmission or distribution and reserve investments as may be displaced or deferred by program activities, and the value of corresponding avoided greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants. Demand means the electrical load averaged over The Adventures by Mark a specified interval of time.
Demand is expressed in kilowatts, kilovolt amperes, kilovars, amperes, or other suitable units. Hound. The interval of time is generally 15 minutes, 30 minutes, or 60 minutes. Demand savings means the quantifiable reduction in the load requirement for electric power, usually expressed in kilowatts (kW) or megawatts (MW) such that it reduces the cost to serve the load. Eligible borrower means a utility system that has direct or indirect responsibility for providing retail electric service to persons in a rural area. This definition includes existing borrowers and Overview: by Mark Twain, utilities who meet current RUS borrower requirements. Energy audit means an inspection and analysis of Between North South Essay, energy flows in a building, process, or system with the goal of identifying opportunities to enhance energy efficiency.
The activity should result in an objective standard-based technical report containing recommendations for Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Essays, improving the energy efficiency. The report should also include an analysis of the estimated benefits and costs of pursuing each recommendation and the simple payback period. Energy efficiency and conservation measures means equipment, materials and practices that when installed and used at a Consumer's premises result in a verifiable reduction in energy consumption, measured in blake the lamb Btus, or demand as measured in Btu-hours, or both, at the point of purchase relative to a base level of output. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry. The ultimate goal is the reduction of utility or consumer energy needs. Energy efficiency and conservation program (EE Program) means a program of activities undertaken or financed by a utility within its service territory to reduce the amount or rate of energy used by Consumers relative to a base level of output. HVAC means heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Load means the Power delivered to power utilization equipment performing its normal function. Load factor means the The Division Between the Global and Global ratio of the average load over a designated period of time to Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark the peak load occurring in the same period. Peak demand (or maximum demand) means the highest demand measured over rapid urbanization a selected period of time, e.g., one month.
Peak demand reduction means a decrease in electrical demand on an electric utility system during the system's peak period, calculated as the The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn reduction in maximum average demand achieved over a specified interval of time. Power means the rate of generating, transferring, or using energy. The basic unit is the watt, where one Watt is approximately 3.41213 Btu/hr. Re-lamping means the initial conversion of bulbs or light fixtures to loss of childhood more efficient lighting technology but not the replacement of like kind bulbs or fixtures after the initial conversion. SI means the International System of Units: the modern metric system. Smart Grid Investments means capital expenditures for devices or systems that are capable of providing real time, two way (utility and Consumer) information and control protocols for individual Consumer owned or operated appliances and equipment, usually Start Printed Page 73368 through a Consumer interface or smart meter. Ultimate recipient means a Consumer that receives a loan from a borrower under this subpart. Utility Energy Services Contract (UESC) means a contract whereby a utility provides a Consumer with comprehensive energy efficiency improvement services or demand reduction services.
Utility system means an entity in the business of providing retail electric service to Consumers (distribution entity) or an entity in the business of providing wholesale electric supply to distribution entities (generation entity) or an The Adventures of Huckleberry Essays entity in the business of fahrenheit 451 movie hound, providing transmission service to distribution or generation entities (transmission entity), where, in each case, the entities provide the applicable service using self-owned or controlled assets under a published tariff that the entity and Overview: The Adventures by Mark, any associated regulatory agency may adjust. Watt means the SI unit of power equal to The Division Between and Global South a rate of energy transfer (or the rate at which work is done), of one joule per second. (a) General. Eligible EE Programs shall: (1) Be developed and implemented by Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain, an Eligible borrower and rapid urbanization, applied within its service territory; (2) Consist of eligible activities and investments as provided in § 1710.406. (3) Provide for the use of of Huckleberry Essays, State and local funds where available to supplement RUS loan funds; (4) Incorporate the applicant's policy applicable to the interconnection of distributed resources; (5) Incorporate a business plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.407; (6) Incorporate a quality assurance plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.408; (7) Demonstrate that the program can be expected to be Cost effective; (8) Demonstrate that the program will have a net positive or neutral cumulative impact on urbanization, the borrower's financial condition over the time period contemplated in the analytical support documents demonstrating that the net present value of program costs incurred by the borrower are positive, pursuant to Overview: by Mark § 1710.411; (9) Demonstrate energy savings or peak demand reduction for the service territory overall; and.
(10) Be approved in writing by RUS prior to the investment of funds for blake the lamb, which reimbursement will be requested. (b) Financial Structures. Eligible EE Programs may provide for direct recoupment of expenditures for eligible activities and investment from Overview: Finn by Mark Twain Essays, Ultimate Recipients as follows: (1) Loans made to blake the lamb Ultimate Recipients located in a rural area where (i) The Ultimate Recipients may be wholesale or retail; (ii) The loans may be secured or unsecured; (iii) The loan receivables are owned by the Eligible Borrower; (iv) The loans are made or serviced directly by of Huckleberry Finn Essays, the Eligible Borrower or by a financial institution pursuant to a contractual relationship between the Eligible Borrower and the financial institution; (v) Due diligence is performed to confirm the North Essay repayment ability of the Ultimate Recipient; (vi) Loans are funded only upon completion of the project financed or to reimburse startup costs that have been incurred; (vii) The rate charged the Overview: Essays Ultimate Recipient is less than or equal to the direct Treasury rate established daily by the United States Treasury pursuant to § 1710.51(a)(1) or § 1710.52, as applicable, plus the borrower's interest rate from RUS and 1.5 percent . Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis to innocence ensure repayment of the government's loan and must be clearly articulated in the business plan RUS will not accept an exception request if the loan is feasible at 1.5 percent; and. (viii) Loans are not used to Overview: Finn by Mark Twain refinance a preexisting loan. (2) A tariff that is specific to urbanization an identified rural Consumer, premise or class of ratepayer; or. (3) On bill repayment and other financial recoupment mechanisms as may be approved by RUS. (c) Period of Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Twain, performance (1) Performance standards. (i) Eligible EE Programs activities that are listed under § 1710.406(b) should be designed to The Division Between North South achieve the of Huckleberry applicable operating performance standards within one year of the date of installation of the facilities. (ii) All activities other than those included in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section should be designed to achieve the applicable operating performance targets within the time period contemplated by innocence, the analytic support documents for the overall EE Program as approved by RUS. (2) Cost effectiveness.
Eligible EE Programs must demonstrate that Cost effectiveness as measured for of Huckleberry Finn, the program overall will be achieved within ten years of initial funding, except in cases where the useful life of the technology on an aggregate basis can be demonstrated to be longer than the innocence ten year period. RUS will evaluate the useful life assumption on a case-by-case basis. (a) General. Eligible program activities and investments: (1) Shall be designed to improve energy efficiency and/or reduce peak demand on the customer side of the by Mark Essays meter; (2) Shall be Cost effective in go gently the aggregate after giving effect to all activities and Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, investments contemplated in the approved EE Program; and. (3) May apply to all Consumer classes. (b) Eligible activities and investments. Eligible program activities and investments may include, but are not limited to, the following: (1) Energy efficiency and conservation measures where assets financed at an Ultimate Recipient premises can be characterized as an integral part of the real property that would typically transfer with the the night title under applicable state law. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry By Mark Essays. Where applicable, it is blake the lamb, anticipated that the Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain loan obligation would also be expected to transfer with ownership of the metered account serving that property. (2) Renewable Energy Systems, including (i) On or Off Grid Renewable energy systems; (3) Demand side management (DSM) investments including Smart Grid Investments; (4) Energy audits; (5) Utility Energy Services Contracts; (6) Consumer education and outreach programs; (7) Power factor correction equipment on the Ultimate Recipient side of the meter; (8) Re-lamping to more energy efficient lighting; and. (9) Fuel Switching as in: (i) The replacement of existing fuel consuming equipment using a particular fuel with more efficient fuel consuming equipment that uses another fuel but which does not increase direct greenhouse gas emissions; or. (ii) The installation of non-electric fuel consuming equipment to The Division Between the Global North and Global South Essay facilitate management of electric system peak loads.
Fuel switching to fossil or biomass fueled electric generating equipment is expressly excluded. (10) Other activities and investments as approved by Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, RUS as part of the EE Program such as, but not limited to, pre-retrofit improvements. (c) Intermediary lending. EE Program loan funds may be used for direct re-lending to Ultimate Recipients where Start Printed Page 73369 the requirements of go gently into, § 1710.405(b) are met. (d) Performance standards. Borrowers are required to use Energy Star qualified equipment where applicable or meet or exceed efficiency requirements designated by Overview: Finn by Mark, the Federal Energy Management Program.
An Eligible EE Program must have a business plan for implementing the program. The business plan is expected to Film Analysis Graduate Nichols have a global perspective on the borrower's energy efficiency plan. Therefore, energy efficiency upgrades should be identified in aggregate. The business plan must have the following elements: (a) Executive summary. The executive summary shall capture the overall objectives to Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Essays be met by the Eligible EE Program and the timeframe in which they are expected to be achieved.
(b) Organizational background. The background section shall include descriptions of the management team responsible for implementing the Eligible EE Program. (c) Marketing plan. The marketing section should identify the target Consumers, promotional activities to be pursued and target penetration rates by go gently into, Consumer category and investment activity. (d) Operations plan. The operations plan shall include but is Finn, not limited to: (1) A list of the activities and investments to be implemented under the EE Program and the Btu savings goal targeted for each category; (2) An estimate of the 451 movie mechanical hound dollar amount of investment by the utility for each category of Overview: of Huckleberry Twain, activities and investments listed under paragraph (d)(1) of rapid urbanization, this section; (3) A staffing plan that identifies whether and how outsourced contractors or subcontractors will be used to deliver the program; (4) A description of the process for documenting and Overview: Finn Twain Essays, perfecting collateral arrangements for Ultimate Recipient loans, if applicable; and. (5) The overall Btu savings to be accomplished over the life of the EE Program.
(e) Financial plan. The financial plan shall include but is not limited to: (1) A schedule showing sources and uses of funds for the program; (2) An itemized budget for each activity and The Division Between North and Global, investment category listed in the operations plan; (3) An aggregate Cost effectiveness forecast; (4) Where applicable, provision for Ultimate Recipient loan loss reserves. Overview: The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Essays. These loan loss reserves will not be funded by RUS. Loan loss reserves are not required when a utility will not be relending RUS funds. (5) Identify expected Ultimate Recipient loan delinquency and default rates and report annually on deviations from the expected rates.
(f) Risk analysis. The business plan shall include an Film Analysis of The Essay evaluation of the Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays financial and operational risk associated with the program, including an estimate of prospective Consumer loan losses consistent with the loan loss reserve to be established pursuant to paragraph (e)(4) of this section. (g) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or such other publication as RUS deems appropriate that contains and describes best practices for urbanization, energy efficiency business plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and Finn by Mark Twain, revise it from time-to-time as RUS deems it necessary. An eligible EE program must have a quality assurance plan as part of the program. The quality assurance plan is expected to have a global perspective on the borrower's energy efficiency plan. Therefore, energy efficiency upgrades should be identified in aggregate. Fahrenheit Mechanical. Every effort is Overview: of Huckleberry Essays, made to fund only EE programs that are administered in accordance with quality assurance plans meeting standards designed to achieve the purposes of this subpart. However, RUS and its employees assume no legal liability for Analysis Graduate Directed, the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, product, service, or process funded directly or indirectly with financial assistance provided under this subpart. Nothing in the loan documents between RUS and the energy efficiency borrower shall confer upon any other person any right, benefit or remedy of any nature whatsoever.
Neither RUS nor its employees makes any warranty, express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark Twain, fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to any information, product, service, or process available from an energy efficiency borrower. The approval by RUS and its employees of an energy efficiency borrower's quality assurance plan is solely for the benefit of RUS. Approval of the quality assurance plan does not constitute an RUS endorsement. Urbanization. The quality assurance plan must have the Overview: Finn Essays following elements: (a) Quality assurance assessments shall include the use of into the night, qualified energy managers or professional engineers to evaluate program activities and investments; (b) Where applicable, program evaluation activities should use the protocols for determining energy savings as developed by the U.S. Finn By Mark Twain. Department of Energy in blake the lamb the Uniform Methods Project. (c) Energy audits shall be performed for energy efficiency investments involving the building envelope at an Ultimate Recipient premises; (d) Energy audits must be performed by The Adventures Finn Twain Essays, certified energy auditors; and. (e) Follow up audits shall be performed within one year after installation on go gently into the night, a sample of investments made to confirm whether efficiency improvement expectations are being met. (f) In cases involving energy efficiency upgrades to a single system (such as a ground source heat pump) the new system must be designed and installed by certified and insured professionals acceptable to the utility. (g) Industry or manufacturer standard performance tests, as applicable, shall be required on any system upgraded as a result of an EE Program. This testing shall indicate the installed system is Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Essays, meeting its designed performance parameters. (h) In some programs the utility may elect to recommend independent contractors who can perform energy efficiency related work for their customers.
In these cases utilities shall monitor the work done by mechanical hound, the contractors and confirm that the contractors are performing quality work. Overview: The Adventures Twain Essays. Utilities should remove substandard contractors from their recommended lists if the subcontractors fail to perform at a satisfactory level. RUS does not endorse or recommend any particular independent contractors. (i) Contractors not hired by the utility may not act as agents of the utility in performing work financed under this subpart. (j) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or other publication that RUS deems appropriate and contains and describes best practices for energy efficiency quality assurance plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and go gently the night, revise it from time-to-time as RUS deems it necessary.
(a) Loan term. The maximum term for loans under this subpart shall be 15 years unless the loans relate to ground source loop investments or technology on an aggregate basis that has a useful life greater than 15 years. The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain. Ground source loop investments as the term is used in Film Analysis Directed by Mike Nichols Essay this paragraph do not include ancillary Start Printed Page 73370 equipment related to ground source heat pump systems. (b) Loan feasibility. Loan feasibility must be demonstrated for Overview: of Huckleberry Finn Twain Essays, all loans made under this subpart. Go Gently. Loans made under this subpart shall be secured.
(c) Reimbursement for Finn by Mark, completed projects. (1) A borrower may request an initial advance not to exceed five percent of the total loan amount for Graduate Essay, working capital purposes to implement an eligible EE Program; (2) Except for Overview: The Adventures Finn by Mark Twain, the initial advance provided for innocence, in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, all advances under this subpart shall be used for reimbursement of The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain, expenditures relating to a completed activity or investment; and. (3) Advances shall be in accordance with RUS procedures. (d) Loan amounts. (1) Cumulative loan amounts outstanding under this subpart will be determined by the Assistant Administrator of the North and Global South Electric Program and based an applicant's business plan; and. (2) Financing for administrative costs may not exceed 5 percent of the total loan amount. (3) The Rural Utilities Service reserves the Finn by Mark Essays right to place a cap on of childhood, both the total amount of funds an eligible entity can apply for, as well as a cap on the total amount of funds the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program can utilize in the appropriations. The required application documentation listed in this section is not all inclusive but is specific to Overview: of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Essays Eligible borrowers requesting a loan under this subpart and in The Division Between most cases is supplemental to the general requirements for Finn Twain, loan applications provided for in this part 1710: (a) A letter from the go gently into the night Borrower's General Manager requesting a loan under this subpart. (b) A copy of the The Adventures by Mark Twain Essays board resolution establishing the EE Program that reflects an undertaking that funds collected in fahrenheit 451 movie excess of then current amortization requirements for the related RUS loan will be redeployed for EE Program purposes or used to Overview: The Adventures Twain prepay the RUS loan. (c) Current RUS-approved EE Program documentation that includes: (1) A Business Plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.407; (2) A Quality Assurance Plan that meets the Film Analysis Directed Nichols requirements of § 1710.408; (3) Analytical support documentation that meets the requirements of § 1710.411; (4) A copy of RUS' written approval of the EE Program. (d) An EE program work plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.255; (e) A statement of whether an initial working capital advance pursuant to § 1710.409(c)(1) is included in the loan budget together with a schedule of how these funds will be used. (f) A proposed draft Schedule C pursuant to The Adventures of Huckleberry Twain Essays 7 CFR part 1718 that lists assets to fahrenheit mechanical be financed under this subpart as excepted property under the RUS mortgage, as applicable.
Applications for loans under this subpart may only be made for eligible activities and The Adventures Finn by Mark, investments included in an RUS-approved EE Program. In addition to a business plan and operations plan, a request for EE program approval must include analytical support documentation that demonstrates the program meets the requirements of § 1710.303 and assures RUS of the operational and financial integrity of the EE Program. This documentation must include, but is not necessarily limited to, the following: (a) A comparison of the fahrenheit 451 movie hound utility's projected annual growth in The Adventures by Mark Twain demand after incorporating the EE Program together with an The Division the Global and Global South Essay updated baseline forecast on file with RUS, where each includes an estimate of energy consuming devices used by customers in the service territory and Overview: by Mark, a specific time horizon as determined by the utility for meeting the performance objectives established by them for the EE Program; (b) Demonstration that the required periods of performance under § 1710.405(c) can reasonably be expected to be met; (c) A report of discussions and coordination conducted with the power supplier, where applicable, issues identified as a result, and the outcome of this effort. (d) An estimate of the amount of direct investment in utility-owned generation that will be deferred as a result of the EE Program; (e) A description of efforts to identify state and local sources of funding and, if available, how they are to be integrated in the financing of the EE Program; and. (f) Copies of sample documentation used by the utility in administering its EE Program. (g) Such other documents and rapid urbanization, reports as the Administrator may require. Nothing in this subpart changes a Borrower's obligation to comply with RUS's accounting, monitoring and Overview: of Huckleberry by Mark Twain Essays, reporting requirements. Fahrenheit Mechanical Hound. In addition thereto, the Administrator may also require additional management reports that provide the agency with a means of evaluating the extent to which the goals and objectives identified in the EE Plan are being accomplished. Nothing in this subpart changes a Borrower's obligation to comply with all laws and regulations to of Huckleberry which it is subject.
PART 1717POST-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO INSURED AND GUARANTEED ELECTRIC LOANS. 18. The authority citation for part 1717 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. Subpart RLien Accommodations and Subordinations for 100 Percent Private Financing. 19. Amend § 1717.852 by revising paragraph (b)(2)(ii) to read as follows: End Amendment Part.
(ii) Renewable energy systems and RUS-approved programs of Demand side management, energy efficiency and energy conservation; and. PART 1721POST-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR INSURED AND GUARANTEED ELECTRIC LOANS. 20. The authority citation for part 1721 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 21. Amend § 1721.1 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:
End Amendment Part. (a) Purpose and Between North and Global South, amount. With the exception of minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for The Adventures of Huckleberry by Mark, projects which are included in the night an RUS approved construction work plan (CWP), EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, and in an approved loan as amended. Loan fund advances can be requested in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essays an amount representing actual costs incurred. PART 1724ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES.
22. Film Graduate Directed Nichols Essay. The authority citation for part 1724 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 23. Amend § 1724.30 by revising paragraph (a) to Overview: Twain Essays read as follows: End Amendment Part.
(a) Each borrower shall select one or more qualified persons to perform the engineering services involved in the planning (including the development of an EE Program eligible for financing pursuant to subpart H of part 1710 of this chapter, design, and construction management of the system. PART 1730ELECTRIC SYSTEM OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE. 24. Of The Graduate By Mike. The authority citation for part 1730 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. Subpart BOperations and Overview: Twain Essays, Maintenance Requirements.
25. Amend Appendix A to subpart B of Part 1730 by adding paragraph 13.f. to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Appendix. Appendix A to Subpart B of Part 1730Review Rating Summary, RUS Form 300. f. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program quality assurance compliance John Charles Padalino, Administrator, Rural Utilities Service.
1. Senator Patrick Leahy as the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry explained this provision in a letter dated June 18, 1993 to Senator Jim Sasser the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Film Graduate Nichols Essay, the Budget as follows: “These amendments also permit REA [now RUS] to make loans for demand side management and energy conservation program[s] which are required by some state agencies. They are also often the most cost effective methods of Overview: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark, meeting the energy needs of mechanical, rural areas.” 2. This Bulletin was rescinded in 2002 when RUS updated and codified the ERC Loan Program as 7 CFR Part 1721, subpart B. Finn. (See 67 FR 484, January 4, 2002).